ict facts and figures (2015) - un agency

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As the UN specialized agency for ICTs, The Telecommunication Development Sector (ITU-D) is the official source for global ICT statistics.

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  • ICT Facts & FiguresThis year governments are making their final assessment of the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which global leaders agreed upon in the year 2000. Over the past 15 years the ICT revolution has driven global development in an unprecedented way. Technological progress, infrastructure deployment, and falling prices have brought unexpected growth in ICT access and connectivity to billions of people around the world. In 2015 there are more than 7 billion mobile cellular subscriptions worldwide, up from less than 1 billion in 2000. Globally 3.2 billion people are using the Internet of which 2 billion are from developing countries. ICTs will play an even more significant role in the post 2015 development agenda and in achieving future sustainable development goals as the world moves faster and faster towards a digital society. Our mission is to connect everyone and to create a truly inclusive information society, for which we need comparable and high-quality data and statistics to measure progress. Brahima Sanou, Director of the ITU Telecommunication Development Bureau

    The world in 2015

    MDGs 2000-2015: ICT revolution and remaining gaps

    Source: ITU. Note: * Estimates.

    Globally 3.2 billion people are using the Internet by end 2015, of which 2 billion are from developing countries

    For every Internet user in the developed world there are 2 in the developing world

    However, 4 billion people from developing countries remain offline, representing 2/3 of the population residing in developing countries

    Of the 940 million people living in the least developed countries (LDCs), only 89 million use the Internet, corresponding to a 9.5% penetration rate

    400 MILLION INTERNET USERS 3.2 BILLION INTERNET USERS

    Developed countries Developed countries

    Developing countries Developing countriesLDCs LDCs

    Online Offline100 million people(rounded values)

    2000 2015*

  • 15 years of ICT growth: what has been achieved?

    Source: ITU. Note: * Estimates.

    Source: ITU. Note: * Estimates.

    By end 2015, there are more than 7 billion mobile cellular subscriptions, corresponding to a penetration rate of 97%, up from 738 million in 2000

    Between 2000-2015, global Internet penetration grew 7 fold from 6.5% to 43%

    Mobile broadband is the most dynamic market segment; globally, mobile- broadband penetration reaches 47% in 2015, a value that increased 12 times since 2007

    The proportion of households with Internet access at home increased from 18% in 2005 to 46% in 2015

    Fixed-broadband uptake is growing at a slower pace, with a 7% annual increase over the past three years and reaching 11% penetration by end 2015

    The proportion of the population covered by a 2G mobile-cellular network grew from 58% in 2001 to 95% in 2015

    3G mobile-broadband coverage is extending rapidly and into the rural areas2011

    3G population coverage,

    45%

    3G population coverage,

    69%

    2015* 2015*

    World population 7 billion World population 7.4 billion

    Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions Individuals using the Internet

    Mobile broadband subscriptions Fixed-broadband subscriptions Households with Internet

    Population covered by 2G mobile-cellular network

    0

    50

    10

    60

    30

    30

    20

    Per

    10

    0 in

    habi

    tant

    s/ho

    useh

    olds

    70

    40

    90

    100

    2000 2004 20112002 20092006 20132001 20082005 20122003 20102007 2014 2015*

    96.8

    47.246.443.4

    10.8

    No 3G population coverage3G population coverage

    World rural population 3.4 billion

    World urban population 4 billion

    3G rural population coverage,

    29%

    3G urban population coverage,

    89%

    95.3

  • The digital divide in 2015*

    Source: ITU. Note: * Estimates. CIS Commonwealth of Independent States.

    By end 2015, 34% of households in developing countries have Internet access, compared with more than 80% in developed countries

    In least developed countries (LDCs), only 7% of households have Internet access, compared with the world average of 46%

    Internet penetration in developing countries stands at 35%; LDCs lag behind with only 10%

    In Africa, one in 5 people use the Internet today, compared to almost 2 in 5 people in Asia & Pacific, and 3 in 5 people in the CIS

    Mobile-broadband penetration levels are highest in Europe and the Americas, at around 78 active subscriptions per 100 inhabitants

    Africa is the only region where mobile broadband penetration remains below 20%

    Fixed-broadband penetration remains at less than 1% in LDCs

    Africa and the Arab States stand out as the regions with the fewest fixed-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants, at less than 1 and less than 4, respectively

    Percentage of households with Internet access

    Percentage of individuals using the Internet

    Mobile broadband subscriptions

    Fixed-broadband subscriptions

    Per

    10

    0 in

    habi

    tant

    sP

    er 1

    00

    inha

    bita

    nts

    78.2

    29.6

    86.7

    29.0

    77.6

    18.0

    40.6

    3.7

    46.1

    10.8

    42.3

    8.9

    39.1

    7.1

    17.4 12.1

    0.5

    49.7

    13.6

    Euro

    pe

    Euro

    pe

    Asia

    & Pa

    cific

    Asia

    & Pa

    cific

    CIS

    CIS

    Deve

    loped

    Deve

    loped

    Deve

    loping

    Deve

    loping

    The A

    mer

    icas

    The A

    mer

    icas

    Afric

    a

    Afric

    a

    Arab

    Sta

    tes

    Arab

    Sta

    tes

    Wor

    ld

    Wor

    ld

    %82.1 81.3

    60.040.3 46.439.0 34.1

    10.7 6.7

    60.1

    Euro

    pe

    Asia

    & Pa

    cific

    CIS

    Deve

    loped

    Deve

    loping

    The A

    mer

    icas

    Afric

    a

    Arab

    Sta

    tes

    Wor

    ldLD

    Cs

    %77.6 82.2

    66.0

    37.0 43.436.9 35.320.7

    9.5

    59.9

    Euro

    pe

    Asia

    & Pa

    cific

    CIS

    Deve

    loped

    Deve

    loping

    The A

    mer

    icas

    Afric

    a

    Arab

    Sta

    tes

    Wor

    ldLD

    Cs

    LDCs

    LDCs

    0.5

  • 43

    In 2014, in 111 countries the price of a basic (fixed or mobile) broadband plan corresponds to less than 5% of average GNI per capita, thus meeting the Broadband Commission target

    The global average price of a basic fixed-broadband plan (52 PPP$) is 1.7 times higher than the average price of a comparable mobile-broadband plan (30 PPP$)

    In developing countries, average monthly fixed-broadband prices (in PPP$) are 3 times higher than in developed countries; mobile-broadband prices are twice as expensive as in developed countries

    Fixed-broadband uptake remains slow in developing countries and particularly in LDCs, where penetration rates are now at 7% and less than 1%, respectively.

    While the prices of fixed-broadband plans dropped sharply between 2008 and 2011, especially in developing countries, they have been stagnating since then and even increased slightly in LDCs

    Broadband now affordable in 111 countries with mobile-broadband less expensive than fixed-broadband plans

    Fixed broadband subscriptions: developing countries lag behind as prices stagnate

    Broadband Commission target (5% of GNI p.c.)

    0-2

    Num

    ber

    of c

    ount

    ries

    2-5

    1

    8-10

    2014 broadband prices as a % of GNI p.c.5-8 10-20 20-30 >30

    Source: ITU. Note: Either fixed broadband

    or mobile broadband. *Based on simple averages including

    data for 160 economies.

    Source: ITU. Note: * Estimates.Simple averages.

    35 32

    10 11 1112 5

    30.1

    52.3

    16.3

    22.5

    35.3

    74.5

    Postpaid computer-based

    mobile broadband (1GB)

    Postpaid fixed-broadband

    (1GB)

    0 20 40 60 80

    WorldDevelopedDeveloping

    2014 broadband prices in PPP$*

    50

    100

    150

    200

    250

    400

    300

    450

    350

    0

    129.5

    63.652.326.8

    2008

    2014

    fixe

    d-b

    road

    band

    pric

    es in

    PP

    P$

    20112010 2013 20142009 2012

    Developed DevelopingWorld LDCs

    0

    5

    15

    25

    10

    20

    30 29.0

    10.8

    7.1

    0.5

    35

    Per

    10

    0 in

    habi

    tant

    s

    2000

    2005

    2011

    2001

    2006

    2012

    2002

    2007

    2013

    2003

    2008

    2014

    2004

    2010

    2009

    2015

    *

    PricesSubscriptions

  • Differences in broadband speed persist

    Fixed-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants, by speed, early 2014 (selected countries)

    5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 450

    Korea (Rep.)

    France

    Ireland

    Denmark

    Andorra

    Switzerland

    United Kingdom*

    Belgium

    Japan

    Sweden

    Spain

    Finland

    Portugal

    Norway*

    United States*

    Hungary

    Germany

    Canada*

    Bulgaria

    Singapore

    Greece

    Romania

    Austria

    Czech Republic

    Russian Federation

    Kazakhstan

    United Arab Emirates

    Brazil

    Azerbaijan

    Colombia

    Australia*

    Ireland

    Slovenia

    Slovakia

    Poland**

    Croatia

    Chile

    Serbia

    Belarus

    Italy

    Saudi Arabia

    Bahrain

    Armenia

    Malaysia

    Morocco