ics-3000 ion chromatography system operator's manual

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  • ICS-3000 Ion Chromatography SystemOperator's Manual

    Document No. 065031Revision 04

    January 2008

    AnutaNew Stamp

  • 2008 by Dionex CorporationAll rights reserved worldwide.Printed in the United States of America.

    This publication is protected by federal copyright law. No part of this publication may be copied or distributed, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted into any human or computer language, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, magnetic, manual, or otherwise, or disclosed to third parties without the express written permission of Dionex Corporation, 1228 Titan Way, Sunnyvale, California 94088-3603 U.S.A.

    DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY AND LIMITED WARRANTYTHIS PUBLICATION IS PROVIDED AS IS WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND. DIONEX CORPORATION DOES NOT WARRANT, GUARANTEE, OR MAKE ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED REPRESENTATIONS REGARDING THE USE, OR THE RESULTS OF THE USE, OF THIS PUBLICATION IN TERMS OF CORRECTNESS, ACCURACY, RELIABILITY, CURRENTNESS, OR OTHERWISE. FURTHER, DIONEX CORPORATION RESERVES THE RIGHT TO REVISE THIS PUBLICATION AND TO MAKE CHANGES FROM TIME TO TIME IN THE CONTENT HEREINOF WITHOUT OBLIGATION OF DIONEX CORPORATION TO NOTIFY ANY PERSON OR ORGANIZATION OF SUCH REVISION OR CHANGES.

    TRADEMARKSAES, Atlas, Chromeleon, EluGen, IonPac, OnGuard, and SRS are registered trademarks of Dionex Corporation. CarboPac, MicroMembrane, MMS, Reagent-Free, and RFIC are trademarks of Dionex Corporation.Adobe, Adobe Reader, and Acrobat are registered trademarks of Adobe Systems, Incorporated.Kel-F is a registered trademark of 3M Corporation.FastLock and MSQ Plus are trademarks of Thermo Electron Corporation.PEEK is a trademark of Victrex PLC.PharMed and Tygon are registered trademarks of Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics.Teflon is a registered trademark of E.I. duPont de Nemours & Company.TitanHP is a trademark of Rheodyne LLCUltem is a registered trademark of General Electric Company

    PRINTING HISTORYRevision 01, May 2005Revision 02, July 2006Revision 03, September 2006Revision 04, January 2008

  • Doc. 065031-04 1/08 i

    Contents

    1 Introduction

    1.1 ICS-3000 System Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

    1.1.1 ICS-3000 System Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

    1.1.2 ICS-3000 System Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

    1.2 ICS-3000 System Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

    1.3 The ICS-3000 System Operators Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

    1.3.1 Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

    1.3.2 Safety Messages and Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

    1.4 Safety and Regulatory Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

    1.4.1 Safety Labels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

    2 Description

    DP/SP Description

    2.1 DP/SP Front Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

    2.2 DP/SP Interior Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

    2.2.1 Pump Heads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

    2.2.2 Pressure Transducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

    2.2.3 Proportioning Valves (Gradient pump only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

    2.2.4 Vacuum Degassing Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

    2.2.5 Piston Seal Wash System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

    2.2.6 Static Mixer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

  • ICS-3000 Ion Chromatography System

    ii Doc. 065031-04 1/08

    2.3 DP/SP Flow Schematics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23

    2.3.1 Isocratic Pump Flow Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23

    2.3.2 Gradient Pump Flow Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24

    2.4 DP/SP Rear Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25

    2.5 Eluent Reservoirs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29

    2.6 EO (Optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30

    EG Description

    2.7 EG Front Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31

    2.8 EG Interior Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33

    2.9 EG Rear Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37

    2.10 EG Flow Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39

    DC Description

    2.11 DC Front Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41

    2.12 DC Interior Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44

    2.13 DC Rear Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47

    2.14 Injection Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50

    2.14.1 Injection Valve Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50

    2.14.2 Injection Valve Plumbing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52

    2.15 CD Conductivity Detector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53

    2.15.1 Heated Conductivity Cell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53

    2.15.2 Suppressor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55

    2.15.3 System Flow Schematic for Conductivity Detection . . . . . . . .56

    2.16 ED Electrochemical Detector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57

    2.16.1 Amperometry Cell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57

  • Contents

    Doc. 065031-04 1/08 iii

    2.16.2 Combination pHAg/AgCl Reference Electrode . . . . . . . . . . . 58

    2.16.3 DC Amperometric Detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60

    2.16.4 Integrated and Pulsed Amperometric Detection . . . . . . . . . . . 61

    2.16.5 Cyclic Voltammetry Detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63

    2.16.6 Waveforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63

    2.16.7 Storing and Reprocessing Amperometry Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68

    2.17 Automation Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73

    2.17.1 High-Pressure Switching Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74

    2.17.2 Low-Pressure Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75

    2.17.3 High- and Low-Pressure Valve Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76

    2.17.4 RCH-1 Reaction Coil Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78

    2.18 I/O Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79

    2.18.1 I/O Option Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80

    2.18.2 Analog Outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81

    2.18.3 Power, Relay, and TTL Outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84

    2.18.4 TTL Inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86

    TC Description

    2.19 TC Front Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91

    2.20 TC Interior Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93

    2.21 TC Rear Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95

    2.22 Injection Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98

    2.22.1 Injection Valve Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98

    2.22.2 Injection Valve Plumbing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100

    2.23 Column Identification (ID) System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101

  • ICS-3000 Ion Chromatography System

    iv Doc. 065031-04 1/08

    2.24 Gas and Humidity Sensors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .102

    2.25 Theory of Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103

    2.25.1 Predictive Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .104

    3 Configurations

    3.1 Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .105

    4 Startup

    4.1 Operating Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .113

    4.1.1 EG Operating Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .113

    4.1.2 ED Amperometry Cell Operating Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . .115

    4.2 System Startup Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .118

    4.3 Preparing Samples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .119

    4.3.1 Collecting and Storing Samples . . . .

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