iberian & roman art

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  • 1. THE IBERIAN & ROMAN ART IN SPAIN

2. THE IBERIAN ART 3. When Second Iron Age From V to III Century BC 4. Different cultures CELT SNS IBERIAGREEKSPHOENICIANSCARTAGINIANS 5. Funerary Monuments(Pozo Moro en M.A.N.) 6. SCULPTURE Religious - funerary sculpture Sanctuaries 7. CARACHTERISTICS Polichrome sandstone From S.V to Roman conquest Mainly seated or standing females (Goddess? Priestess?) Familiar groups Males: heads or busts, warriors Bulls, lions & griffins 8. CARACHTERISTICSBulls, lions & griffinsFor protection 9. CARACHTERISTICSBulls, lions & griffins 10. LADY OF CERRO DE LOS SANTOS II Century BC Priestess? Geometrical clothes Hieratism 11. LADY OF BAZA Policrome grey stone A hole for ashes at the rightside Small bird in one hand(life after death?) 12. Coiffure or hat with pearls Huge earings Various necklaces Greek influence IV Century BC 13. LADY OF ELCHE Polichrome sandstone IV Century BC Complex headdress Funerary statue? (has anapperture in the rear for ashes) Strong Greek influence 14. Maybe part of a seated statue? 15. Maybe part of a seated statue?56 cm 16. ROMAN ART 17. ROMAN ARCHITECTUREFunctionalism and PragmatismSystematic use of arch and vaultMonumental proportionsDecorative art is associated to architectureStone, brick or mortar of concrete 18. ROMAN ARCHITECTUREFunctionalism and PragmatismSystematic use of arch and vault 19. ROMAN ARCHITECTURE Functionalism and PragmatismStone, brick or mortar of concrete 20. ROMAN ARCHITECTUREMonumental proportions:they express Greatness of Rome 21. ROMAN ARCHITECTUREDecorative art is associated to architecture: mosaics and frescoes 22. ROMAN ARCHITECTURE Use of Greek orders -Ionic, Doric and Corinthian plus two new orders: Tuscan and ComposedTuscanDoric IonicComposed Corinthian 23. ROMAN ARCHITECTUREReligious architectureTombsUrban architectureWorks of engineeringBuildings for public spectaclesCommemorative buildings 24. ROMAN ARCHITECTUREReligious architecture 25. ROMAN ARCHITECTURETombs 26. ROMAN ARCHITECTUREWorks of engineeringAcueduct of Segovia II c BCthe most artistic andmonumental engineering work from Roman History. 27. More than 15 kilometersfrom Fuenfra SpringsIts 29 meters high 28. Granite stone- roughly carved and placed in a dry way (without mortar) 29. ROMAN ARCHITECTUREWorks of engineering 30. ROMAN ARCHITECTUREBuildings for public spectacles 31. ROMAN SCULPTUREMarble and BronzeRealisticPortraitsReliefs decorating buildings 32. ROMAN SCULPTUREMarbleRealisticPortrait 33. ROMAN SCULPTUREMarbleRealisticPortraits 34. ROMAN MOSAICSIn their domestic architecture and in the places of worship. 35. ROMAN MOSAICS2 main styles:Opus tesselatum. Small cubes (1 cm) of different colors 36. ROMAN MOSAICS2 main styles:Opus vermiculatum. Smaller pieces (1-5 mm) to imitate the work of painters.