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  • Hunt Arizona2017 Edition

    A R I Z O N A G A M E A N D F I S H D E P A R T M E N T

    Survey, Harvest and Hunt Data for Big and Small Game

  • ARIZONA GAME AND FISH COMMISSION

    Chair, Edward "Pat" Madden ........................................ FlagstaffJames R. Ammons ..............................................................YumaJames S. Zieler .............................................................. St. John's Eric S. Sparks ...................................................................Tucson Kurt R. Davis .................................................................. Phoenix

    ARIZONA GAME AND FISH DEPARTMENT5000 W. Carefree Highway

    Phoenix, AZ 85086(602) 942-3000 www.azgfd.gov

    Larry D. Voyles ..........................................................................DirectorTy E. Gray .................................................................... Deputy Director

    ASSISTANT DIRECTORSTom Finley ....................................................................Field OperationTony Guiles .............................. Information, Education and RecreationJohn Bullington ............................................................. Special ServicesJim deVos ............................................................Wildlife Management

    The Arizona Game and Fish Department prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, age, or disability in its programs and activities. If anyone believes that they have been discriminated against in any of the AGFDs programs or activities, including employment practices, they may file a complaint with the Directors Office, 5000 W. Carefree Highway Phoenix, AZ 85086, (602) 942-3000, or with the Fish and Wildlife Service, 4401 N. Fairfax Dr. Mail Stop: WSFR-4020, Arlington, VA 22203. Persons with a disability may request a reasonable accommodation or this document in an alternative format by contacting the Directors Office as listed above.

    Published by the Arizona Game and Fish DepartmentInformation and Education Division, Information Branch, Publications Section

    June 2017

    Cover photograph: George Andrejko

    REGIONAL OFFICESRegion I Chris Bagnoli, Supervisor

    2878 E. White Mountain Blvd., Pinetop, AZ 85935, (928) 367-4281Region II Craig McMullen, Supervisor

    3500 S. Lake Mary Road, Flagstaff, AZ 86005, (928) 774-5045 Region III Scott Poppenberger, Supervisor

    5325 N. Stockton Hill Rd., Kingman, AZ 86409, (928) 692-7700 Region IV Pat Barber, Supervisor

    9140 E. 28th St., Yuma, AZ 85365, (928) 342-0091 Region V Raul Vega, Supervisor

    555 N. Greasewood Rd., Tucson, AZ 85745, (520) 628-5376 Region VI Jay Cook, Supervisor

    7200 E. University, Mesa, AZ 85207, (480) 981-9400

  • Hunt Arizona 2017 i

    Table of Contents

    How to Use Survey and Harvest Data 1-2Bonus Points by Species 2-6

    DeerMule Deer Natural History 8Mule Deer Hunt History9White-tailed Deer Natural History 9White-tailed Deer Hunt History 10Survey Data 11Hunt Data 20Harvest Data 24

    Pronghorn Antelope Natural History 42Hunt History 43Survey Data 44Hunt Data 48Harvest Data 51

    Elk Natural History 57Hunt History 58Survey Data 59Hunt Data 62Harvest Data 65

    TurkeyNatural History 88Hunt History 89Survey Data 90Hunt Data 92Harvest Data 95

    JavelinaNatural History 103Hunt History 104Survey Data 105Hunt Data 110Harvest Data 113

    Bighorn SheepNatural History 122Hunt History 122Survey Data 123Hunt Data 128Harvest Data 129Successful Hunter Scores 133Measurement Data135Hunt Application Data 136

    BisonNatural History 137Hunt History 138Survey Data 139Hunt Data 141Harvest Data 142

    Black BearNatural History 144Hunt History 145Hunt Data 146Harvest Data 147

    Mountain LionNatural History 151Hunt History 152

    Hunt Data 153Harvest Data 154

    Small GameQuail 160

    Natural History 160Hunt History 161

    White-winged Dove 162Natural History 162Hunt History 163

    Mourning Dove 163Natural History 163Hunt History 164

    Cottontail Rabbit 164Natural History 164Hunt History 164

    Tree Squirrels 165Natural History 165Hunt History 165

    Band-tailed Pigeon 166Natural History 166Hunt History 166

    Blue Grouse 166Natural History 166Hunt History 167

    Pheasant 167Natural History 167Hunt History 167

    Small Game Harvest Data 168

    PredatorsCoyotes 173

    Natural History 173Hunting and Trapping History 173

    Bobcats 174Natural History 174Hunting and Trapping History 174

    Foxes 174Natural History 175Hunting and Trapping History 175

    Skunks 175Natural History 176Trapping History 176

    Furbearers Beaver 177

    Natural History 177Trapping History 178

    Muskrat 178Natural History 178Trapping History 178

    Raccoon 178Natural History 179Trapping and Hunt History 179

    Ringtail 179Natural History 179Trapping History 179

    Otter 180Natural History 180Trapping and Hunt History 180

    Weasel 180Natural History 180Trapping History 180

    Badger 181Natural History 181Trapping History 181

    Trapping 181

    Predator and Furbearer Harvest Data 182Trapping Data 183

    WaterfowlNatural History 184Hunt History 185Survey and Harvest Data 187

    Sandhill CraneNatural History 189Hunt History 190Harvest Data 191

    Other Birds and MammalsPigeon (Rock Dove) 197

    Natural History and Status 197House (English) Sparrow 197

    Natural History and Status 197European Starling 198

    Natural History and Status 198Peach-faced Lovebird 198

    Natural History and Status 198American Crow 198

    Natural History and Status 199Coati 199

    Natural History and Status 199Gunnisons Prairie Dog 200

    Natural History and Status 200Black-tailed Prairie Dog 200

    Natural History and Status 200Specially Protected Mammals 200Bats 200

    Natural History and Status 200Black-footed Ferret 201

    Natural History and Status 201Hualapai Mexican Vole 201

    Natural History and Status 201Jaguar 202

    Natural History and Status 202Jaguarundi 202

    Natural History and Status 202Ocelot 202

    Natural History and Status 203Otter (see Furbearers) 203Porcupine 203

    Natural History and Status 203Gray Wolf 204

    Natural History and Status 205

    Game Management Unit Map 206

  • Hunt Arizona 2017 1

    How to Use Survey and Harvest Data

    Both novice and experienced hunters will find this book a valuable resource to help in making informed decisions regarding hunt selections. The book is a com-pendium of facts about hunting in Arizona, including up-to-date information on: Which game management units have the most big-

    game permits, The units with the narrowest male to female ratios, Units and hunts with the highest hunt success, Hunts that have the best drawing odds, and Historical survey and hunt information the reader

    can use to compare trends for the major game species in each management unit.

    The information is relatively simple to use. Look-ing through the section on deer, for example, you will find a summary of the survey data for both mule deer and white-tailed deer in each game management unit having these species. This information will help you de-termine whether a unit has a high proportion of bucks and whether it is experiencing good fawn production. Bear in mind, however, that due to differences in survey methods the male to female and female to young ratios are only estimates.

    By checking the unit hunt information summary, you can determine the hunter success rate, how many per-mits were available in the past, and the drawing odds for previous hunts. Be aware that some units have sev-eral authorized hunts, each limited to a specific kind (or kinds) of weapon. Your selection of a hunt for which to apply will depend on your own preference of hunt area, weapon type, season dates, and the kind of animal you wish to harvest.

    Beating the OddsPermits for big-game hunts in Arizona are issued through a drawing system. Since the best predictor of the future is the past, the best estimate of your draw odds for an upcoming hunt is the draw rate for that hunt in the previous draw. Draw odds for each hunt are calculated by dividing successful first choice applicants by the total first choice applicants. Even though some permits may have been issued to second choice appli-cants, this method accurately reflects the applicants chances of receiving their first choice.

    The odds of receiving a permit for a second choice hunt instead of a first choice hunt are calculated by sub-

    tracting the draw rate for the first choice hunt from the draw rate for the second choice hunt. The odds for re-ceiving your first or second choice would therefore be the same as your highest odds choice. For example, if your first choice selection had a 40 percent draw rate last year, and your second choice selection had a 60 per-cent draw rate, your odds this year are 40 percent for getting your first choice, 20 percent for getting your second choice, and 60 percent overall (assuming that the results of this years draw will be similar to those of the previous draw). It therefore makes little sense to ap-ply for a second choice hunt with a lower draw rate than your first choice hunt. Only those hunts that did not fill with first or second choice applications are considered for third, fourth, or fifth choices. Therefore, only hunts with draw odds of 100 percent are good candidates for these choices.

    While draw rates are relatively favorable for most deer, turkey and javelina hunts, they are much more competitive for elk, antelope, bison, and bighorn sheep. Beginning in 1991, the Arizona Game and Fish Department began issuing bonus points to unsuccessful applicants for these species. In 1999, unsuccessful applicants for deer began to receive bonus points. In 2005, tu

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