How to create and maintain Conceprocity CAPRICE and CAPRILOPE models
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DESCRIPTIONHow to create and maintain Conceprocity CAPRICE and CAPRILOPE models. Mark Gregory Based on the earlier work by LICEF Version 2.1 18/10/2013. Left and Right Brain?. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
How to create and maintain Conceprocity CAPRICE and CAPRILOPE modelsMark Gregory Based on the earlier work by LICEFVersion 2.1 18/10/20131Left and Right Brain?The concept of right brain and left brain thinking developed from late 1960s research of psycho-biologist Roger W Sperry, who discovered that human brain has two very different ways of thinking: Right brain is visual and processes information in an intuitive and simultaneous way, looking first at the whole picture then the detailsLeft brain is verbal and processes information in an analytical and sequential way, looking first at the pieces then putting them together to get the whole2Illustrating ConceptsConcepts may be held both visually and linguisticallyMind Maps Tony Buzan (Buzan & Buzan 1996)Concept maps Joseph Novak and collaborators (Novak & Caas 2008) following David Ausubel (Ausubel 1963) and (Ausubel 2000)Concept maps with typed concepts and relationships: LICEF (Paquette 2010; Basque 2013)Concept Process maps: Conceprocity: Mark Gregory (www.markrogergregory.net) Using both the visual and the linguistic (written and spoken language) stimulates better understanding of a situation and later better learning3
Here is a Wading birdTony Buzans Mind Maps are highly visual. However, their insistence on a single centre is unnecessarily restrictive and their strict hierarchy prevents conceptual cross-linking between branches of the tree4Conceprocity: An IntroductionConceprocity concept process reciprocity is a visual and textual language and toolset intended for capturing, expressing, communicating and co-creating models of topic areas of domain knowledge by domain experts or learnersYou decide the vocabularyVery simple grammar rules5CAPRICEWithin Conceprocity there is a beginners profile Simple concept mapping for beginners, in which the only available relationship between concepts is association This simple concept mapping for beginners usage profile is called CAPRICE: Concepts Actors Procedures Relationships Images Conditions EventsStrong emphasis on the use of sketches, icons and images to stimulate right brain involvementThere are other usage profiles which are not mentioned further in the first part of this presentationThey make use of a further notion principles; of typed relationships; and they distinguish instances from classes
6An example Conceprocity model and how it has been created - 1Start with a simple English sentence: The cat sat on the matGive a specific instance: The cat called Kat sat on the mat in my loungeA concrete Conceprocity map is as rightIdentify concepts, any static relationships and any activitiesCreate a specific and a more general model using the meta-concepts (Conceprocity notions) of concept, procedure and relationshipConsider concrete and abstract representations
7An example Conceprocity model and how it has been created - 2Observe, maybe discuss and then refine the resulting mapHere we choose to remove the concrete and retain the abstract elements in a conceptual model of the general situation of creatures acting in a geographical contextThe model that results depends upon the viewpoint and the purpose of the modellerA cat specialist (and a cat lover!) will take a different view from an expert in cognitive science applied to animalsBut the process of dialogue and of mutual understanding can be aided by visual concept mapping and by dialogue around the models
8Conceprocity CAPRICE: FundamentalsPaquettes G-MOT and Conceprocity distinguish between types (classes) of objects:Concepts - things, ideas, etc.; these are usable and (sometimes) decidable classes of knowledge or dataActors - people, organisations, external systemsProcedures - the means of enacting knowledge in the form of specific activities, repeatable actions and processes the latter being templates for repeated actionsRelationships: concepts are related by relationships or relationship instances (links). In CAPRICE the only available type of relationship is an association; this should be given a name Images: images illustrate concepts or any other notion.Conditions: logical operators XOR, OR or AND.Events: EITHER occurrences in time that change the state of a class of objects OR named states of class of objectsPrinciples: constraints, rules or complex conditions. Not used in CAPRICE.9CAPRICE fundamentals
10Abstract knowledgeConceprocity CAPRICE: RepresentationWHAT?HOW?ProceduresProcedural KConceptsConceptual KWHO?ActorsK wieldersAbstract knowledge
11Representing CAPRICE relationshipsDifferent kinds of arrow are used:SymbolMeaningAssociation. This needs a text label, such as is-a, is-composed-of, etc.Flow of control or of dataIs instantiated asRegulates. An actor or principle controls or governs a concept or procedureCommentary concerning the diagram
12Images: Conceprocity for the Right BrainConceprocity makes it easy to include visual elements. Beyond Conceprocitys own symbols, we can include images and icons.You can either locate these for yourself, or you can use Google Images search, or they may be sketches made using apps such as ArtRage, or they may be sketches (e.g. fragments of rich pictures) drawn freehand on paper and then photographed and uploaded.Sketches less formal diagrams frequently have a role, particularly in the early development or the informal presentation of a model (especially during whiteboard sessions). You may even include a complete rich picture (Checkland 1981; Checkland & Tsouvalis 1997) or elements of a rich picture.
1314Modelling businesses using rich pictures
Use few wordsUse lots of pictures1415Making rich picturesRich pictures (situation summaries) are used to depict complicated situationsEncapsulate the real situation through a no-holds-barred, cartoon representation of layout, connections, relationships, influences, cause-and-effect etc. - objective notionsShould try to depict subjective elements such as character and characteristics, points of view and prejudices, spirit and human natureIf possible, ask the actors themselves rather than focusing on your own interpretation of the situationAllow competing pictures; dont reconcile; perhaps accommodate?
15Begin to build a modelWhat is the question or topic area that you are addressing?What are the top five or so concepts?Are there any direct relationships (associations) between these concepts?E.g.: is-a-kind-of, consists-ofOtherwise: what processes link or transform the concepts?Make lists of likely concepts and proceduresPerhaps later keep these lists in a formal Conceprocity dictionary?Sketch out an initial CAPRICE model on a large sheet of paper or on a whiteboard preserve this using a smartphone pictureInclude rich picture elements on the CAPRICE map16How to get started with a CAPRICE modelIdentify and make lists of concepts and their obvious structural links / associationsExample: beech is-a-kind-of treeTake care to distinguish concepts as classes (often distinguished by an indefinite article in natural language) and instances of concepts (often distinguished by the definite article or evidently proper names)In English and in French, but not in German, the distinction is often made clear by the use of Capitals (instances) and lower-case (concepts)The difference is often that between abstract concepts and concrete factsIdentify processes which link concepts where one needs to be changed or transformed in some way which goes beyond a structural associationCow gives-birth-to calf(Better models are possible)17Your task: to create a simple CAPRICE model of the general principles of an e-marketing campaignOver to you:Twenty minutes as separate teamsPresent, compare, contrast, reject, synthesise for five minutesTell / show us your tentative conclusions on the flipboardModelling a marketing campaign18Full-fat Conceprocity: CAPRILOPECAPRILOPE: Concepts Actors Procedures Relationships Images Logical Operators Principles EventsMore emphasis on principlesFully typed relationships19CAPRILOPE fundamentals
20The correct way to install Google Drive and LucidchartYou must install and use the Google Chrome browser and use it when setting up or changing Google Drive and Lucidchart accountsSubsequently its OK to use Firefox etc.You must ensure that BOTH your Google Drive email account AND your Lucidchart account are set to be your ESC Rennes username that is, something like email@example.comStart from Google DriveFirst: connect to and learn to use Google DriveTo do this, use the address https://drive.google.com/a/esc-rennes.fr/#my-drive Although it is not essential to do so, you are advised to Install Google Drive for PC, Mac or Android as appropriateThis permits you to move files between your computer and Google Drive very easily using your file manager (e.g. Windows Explorer, Mac Finder)22Go on to install LucidchartTo install Lucidchart, use Google Chrome. Disconnect from any other Google Account. Connect to your ESC Rennes address.From your Drive homepage Create > More > Get more apps and search 'Lucidchart Once the app is installed, you will see Lucidchart listed under Create More in Google DriveYou can use this feature to create new Lucidchart documents, in the same way that you start new Google documents or spreadsheets BUT use our templatesFor other questions, please see the Lucidchart Google Drive documentation23Check that youve set things up correctlyWhen connected to Lucidchart, click on Account and check that the Username and the Email are BOTH set to be your ESC Rennes user nameProblems? See Mark Gregory, room 338Most common problem: you have downloaded and installed Lucidchart while connected to another Google account, not your ESC Rennes one!PLEASE ONLY install Lucidchart while connected to your ESC Rennes free accountIf you have NOT done this, see Mark in room 33824Sharing files with your teacherWe advise you to set up a folde