Horse Breeds Spring 2006 M. Marler. Horses breeds can be classified by… the way the horse is ridden. (Tennessee Walking Horse) the way the horse is ridden

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Horse Breeds Spring 2006 M. Marler </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> Horses breeds can be classified by the way the horse is ridden. (Tennessee Walking Horse) the way the horse is ridden. (Tennessee Walking Horse) the purpose the horse was bred for. (Quarter Horse) the purpose the horse was bred for. (Quarter Horse) a single horse that a breed originated from. (Morgan) a single horse that a breed originated from. (Morgan) the country or area of the breeds origin. (Arabian) the country or area of the breeds origin. (Arabian) </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> Popular Breeds in the USA Thoroughbred Thoroughbred Arabian Arabian American Mustang American Mustang American Quarter Horse American Quarter Horse Appaloosa Appaloosa American Paint Horse American Paint Horse Clydesdale Clydesdale Morgan Morgan Paso Fino Paso Fino </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> Thoroughbred Breed was developed in England from the finest Arabian horses crossed with native English mares. </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> Thoroughbred Purpose: A horse that could maintain a high speed over distances of a couple miles. Purpose: A horse that could maintain a high speed over distances of a couple miles. Temperament: Sensitive; sometimes high strung Temperament: Sensitive; sometimes high strung </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Thoroughbred Ferdinand Ferdinand Average sale price for US racing bred 2yr. Old $61,000. Average sale price for US racing bred 2yr. Old $61,000. Most paid for a Thoroughbred in history Most paid for a Thoroughbred in history $16,000,000 </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Thoroughbred Colors: Predominately gray, bay, chestnut, and brown Colors: Predominately gray, bay, chestnut, and brown Very elegant and fine boned horse Very elegant and fine boned horse Average size: 15.2-17 hands and 1,000lbs. Average size: 15.2-17 hands and 1,000lbs. </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Thoroughbred Uses: Mainly racing; also jumping, fox- hunting, dressage, 3- day eventing, pleasure riding Also used as a foundational or appendix breed for other breeds Also used as a foundational or appendix breed for other breeds </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> Arabian http://hughesarabians.com/straight/index.html </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Arabian Developed by Bedouin tribes in Arab countries over thousands of years Developed by Bedouin tribes in Arab countries over thousands of years Purpose: Used for transportation over long distances and war Purpose: Used for transportation over long distances and war Foundation breed to nearly every breed known today Foundation breed to nearly every breed known today </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> Arabian </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> Arabian Temperament: Sensitive; Highly intelligent; Often high strung Temperament: Sensitive; Highly intelligent; Often high strung Average Size: 14.2 to 15.2 hands; small; 800- 1,000 lbs. Average Size: 14.2 to 15.2 hands; small; 800- 1,000 lbs. Very elegant and fine boned horse Very elegant and fine boned horse Dished face Dished face http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E- CkWKonST0 </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> American Mustangs </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> American Mustang Originated from the Spanish Andulsians brought over by Spanish explorers. Originated from the Spanish Andulsians brought over by Spanish explorers. There were no horses on the US continents prior to the Spanish exploration. There were no horses on the US continents prior to the Spanish exploration. </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> American Mustang Pure Spanish horses mixed with other settlers horses and ran wild Pure Spanish horses mixed with other settlers horses and ran wild Kiger Mustangs are one of the purest bloodlines from the original Spanish horses, Kiger Mustangs are one of the purest bloodlines from the original Spanish horses, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sJPwOs8sW4A http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jZGr6sMeo7g&amp;feature=related </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> American Mustang Comes in all colors and many sizes Comes in all colors and many sizes Protected by the Bureau of Land Management Protected by the Bureau of Land Management May be adopted May be adopted Very hardy horses with great stamina and sound legs and feet Very hardy horses with great stamina and sound legs and feet </li> <li> Slide 17 </li> <li> American Quarter Horse </li> <li> Slide 18 </li> <li> Originated from Spanish Mustang, Thoroughbred racing stock, and some draft horses Originated from Spanish Mustang, Thoroughbred racing stock, and some draft horses Purpose: Originally bred to race a mile. This was the length of most small American towns in the late 1800s Purpose: Originally bred to race a mile. This was the length of most small American towns in the late 1800s Also used as a cow pony for herding cattle Also used as a cow pony for herding cattle </li> <li> Slide 19 </li> <li> American Quarter Horse Claims the title Americas Horse for its versatility Claims the title Americas Horse for its versatility Quarter Horses are used for both english and western disciplines such as cutting, reining, pleasure, dressage, and jumping. Quarter Horses are used for both english and western disciplines such as cutting, reining, pleasure, dressage, and jumping. All solid colors and roans; No white markings above the knee All solid colors and roans; No white markings above the knee </li> <li> Slide 20 </li> <li> American Quarter Horse Temperament: Intelligent but generally quiet, gentle, and easily trained Temperament: Intelligent but generally quiet, gentle, and easily trained Average Size: 14.2-15.2 hands; 1,000-1,200 lbs. Average Size: 14.2-15.2 hands; 1,000-1,200 lbs. Known for being stocky and heavily muscled Known for being stocky and heavily muscled </li> <li> Slide 21 </li> <li> Appaloosa Developed by the Nez Perce Indian tribe which lived near the Palouse river in Idaho Developed by the Nez Perce Indian tribe which lived near the Palouse river in Idaho Developed through careful and selective breeding Developed through careful and selective breeding Original purpose: Buffalo hunting; horses had to be swift and courageous Original purpose: Buffalo hunting; horses had to be swift and courageous http://movieclips.com/oPb8X-dances-with-wolves-movie-the-buffalo-hunt/ </li> <li> Slide 22 </li> <li> Appaloosa Horses were regarded by white men as being of very high quality Horses were regarded by white men as being of very high quality Herds were dispersed after the Nez Perce War of 1877 Herds were dispersed after the Nez Perce War of 1877 </li> <li> Slide 23 </li> <li> Appaloosa Characteristics: Spotted coat pattern, mottled skin, white sclera around the eye, striped hooves, short tails Characteristics: Spotted coat pattern, mottled skin, white sclera around the eye, striped hooves, short tails </li> <li> Slide 24 </li> <li> Appaloosa Uses: Multi-purpose; Perform well in English &amp; Western disciplines; good stock and rodeo horses, excellent jumpers Uses: Multi-purpose; Perform well in English &amp; Western disciplines; good stock and rodeo horses, excellent jumpers </li> <li> Slide 25 </li> <li> American Paint Horse Developed sporadically through mustang herds on the American plains Developed sporadically through mustang herds on the American plains 2 nd largest breed registry in U.S.A. 2 nd largest breed registry in U.S.A. Characteristics: One of three distinct splotched patterns (Overo, Tobiano, and Tovero) Characteristics: One of three distinct splotched patterns (Overo, Tobiano, and Tovero) </li> <li> Slide 26 </li> <li> Tobiano Dark color covers one or both flanks. Dark color covers one or both flanks. All four legs are white All four legs are white Head markings are like a solid colored horse Head markings are like a solid colored horse </li> <li> Slide 27 </li> <li> Overo White does not cross the back between the withers and the tail At least one and often all four legs are dark. Head markings are distinctive. </li> <li> Slide 28 </li> <li> Tovero Dark pigmentation around the ears and mouth One or both of the eyes may be blue. Dark splotches on chest and flank. </li> <li> Slide 29 </li> <li> American Paint Horse Conformation, size, temperament, and purpose closely resemble the American Quarter Horse Conformation, size, temperament, and purpose closely resemble the American Quarter Horse </li> <li> Slide 30 </li> <li> Clydesdale </li> <li> Slide 31 </li> <li> Clydesdale Draft breed developed in England. Draft breed developed in England. Bred to haul heavy loads Bred to haul heavy loads Common colors: Bay, black, brown; occasionally chestnut or roan Common colors: Bay, black, brown; occasionally chestnut or roan </li> <li> Slide 32 </li> <li> Clydesdale White markings are common on face and legs White markings are common on face and legs Legs have feathers or long, silky hairs Legs have feathers or long, silky hairs Generally 16 to 18 hands; ______________________________ Generally 16 to 18 hands; ______________________________ </li> <li> Slide 33 </li> <li> Clydesdale http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=veQAJ4qlltU http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nGx4E8w5VHg&amp;NR=1 </li> <li> Slide 34 </li> <li> Morgan All originated from one foal Figure born in 1789 and owned by Justin Morgan. All originated from one foal Figure born in 1789 and owned by Justin Morgan. Figure became famous for being able to out- walk, out-trot, out-run, and out-pull other horses Figure became famous for being able to out- walk, out-trot, out-run, and out-pull other horses Recognized as Americas first horse breed Recognized as Americas first horse breed </li> <li> Slide 35 </li> <li> Morgan Known as the preferred breed of American calvary. Known as the preferred breed of American calvary. Served as a foundation breed for Quarter Horses, Tennessee Walking Horses, and Standardbreds Served as a foundation breed for Quarter Horses, Tennessee Walking Horses, and Standardbreds http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I1Y2Iyr7wYQ&amp;feature=related </li> <li> Slide 36 </li> <li> Morgan Intelligent with gentle dispositions Intelligent with gentle dispositions Generally smaller horses; 14.2 -15.2 hands high Generally smaller horses; 14.2 -15.2 hands high Frequently bay, brown, and black; may be most solid colors Frequently bay, brown, and black; may be most solid colors </li> <li> Slide 37 </li> <li> Morgan Purpose: Used predominately in English disciplines but also in Western Purpose: Used predominately in English disciplines but also in Western Popular for Carriage Driving Events Popular for Carriage Driving Events </li> <li> Slide 38 </li> <li> Paso Fino Known as the smoothest riding horse in the world. Bred from Spanish Andalusians and Spanish Barbs (Arabians) Bred by Spanish conquistadors and early Spanish plantation owners in the Caribbean and Latin America </li> <li> Slide 39 </li> <li> Paso Fino Paso Fino means the fine walk or fine movement. Has three gaits which are as follows: Classic Fino Paso Corto Paso Largo </li> <li> Slide 40 </li> <li> Paso Fino Very small horses or ponies Typically, 13 to 15.2 hands high Weigh only 700 to 1,100 lbs. Compete in Western events, endurance races, and Spanish classes http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OZsGXUCDHA8&amp;feature=related </li> <li> Slide 41 </li> <li> Andalusian Thought of for many centuries as perfection in horseflesh. The preferred horse for nobility and war in the Middle Ages. The breed Cortes brought to America. </li> <li> Slide 42 </li> <li> Andalusian Descended from the Spanish Barb. A foundation breed for many breeds. From Andalusia, Spain </li> <li> Slide 43 </li> <li> Andalusian Color: Usually gray and occasionally bay, black, palomino, and buckskin Height: 15.2-16.2 hands tall http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t_d96bxojwg&amp;feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DncGM9cq3w0&amp;feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Aib8149E4k8 </li> <li> Slide 44 </li> <li> Andalusian </li> </ul>

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