Honors World History I. Renaissance: “Rebirth” / Period begun by Italy’s educated to recreate the culture of Greece and Rome II. Causes of the Renaissance.
Post on 26-Dec-2015
Slide 1 Slide 2 Honors World History Slide 3 I. Renaissance: Rebirth / Period begun by Italys educated to recreate the culture of Greece and Rome II. Causes of the Renaissance / End of Feudalism / End of Plagues / End of Urban Riots / Improvement in Textile Industry / Improvement in Livestock Production / Improvement in Peasant Life Slide 4 III. Where did the Renaissance begin? Where did the Renaissance Begin? / Began in city-states of Italy (Florence) because: Central location for trade Religious center (Christianity Pope of Rome) Start of craft guilds (unions) Serfs were given more freedom Improvement in Bookkeeping Methods (Fibonacci) Development of trade centers Presence and success of Middle Class Humanistic Philosophy or Values Slide 5 IV. Humanism philosophy which stressed: / Self worth of the individual Portraits Autobiographies Artists wanted to be known for their creations / Love of Learning and the Arts Establishment of many Universities Funding of education by the Catholic church and wealthy aristocrats Stressed Latin and physical and moral development Translated the Bible Taught less Bible and more Classic Literature Slide 6 Enjoyment of Worldly Pleasures / Fancy clothes / Tasty foods / Life should be enjoyed Slide 7 V. Achievements / Art Studied classical models work reflected the realism & grace of ancient styles experimented with new paints & techniques developed perspective three dimensional Artists Leonardo da Vinci Michelangelo Raphael Women Kept their work secret Sofonisba Anguissola court painter to King Philip II of Spain Slide 8 / Literature Topics ranged from religious to secular subjects Miguel de Cervantes Don Quixote Shakespeare Francesco Petrarch Sonnets to Laura / Printing Press Johann Gutenberg movable type 1455 press used to produce the first Bible printed by machine helped spread new learning more people learned to read Slide 9 VI. Period of Great Discovery and Exploration / Why Explore? New Technology Caravel, Compass, lateen sail Geography Flat Earth Belief Self Confidence of the Renaissance / Effects of Exploration Map coast of Atlantic Ocean Two new continents discovered and explored Globe circumnavigated Exploration of the New World Slavery in the New World New Foods Slide 10 Slide 11 Art and Patronage Italians were willing to spend a lot of money on art. / Art communicated social, political, and spiritual values. / Italian banking & international trade interests had the money. Public art in Florence was organized and supported by guilds. Therefore, the consumption of art was used as a form of competition for social & political status! Slide 12 1. Realism & Expression Expulsion from the Garden Masaccio 1427 First nudes since classical times. Slide 13 2. Perspective Perspective! Perspective! Perspective! Perspective! Perspective! First use of linear perspective! Perspective! Perspective! The Trinity Masaccio 1427 What you are, I once was; what I am, you will become. Slide 14 Perspective Slide 15 3. Classicism Greco-Roman influence. Secularism. Humanism. Individualism free standing figures. Symmetry/Balance The Classical Pose Medici Venus (1c) Slide 16 4. Emphasis on Individualism Batista Sforza & Federico de Montefeltre: The Duke & Dutchess of Urbino Piero della Francesca, 1465-1466. Slide 17 Isabella dEste da Vinci, 1499 1474-1539 First Lady of the Italian Renaissance. Great patroness of the arts. Known during her time as First Lady of the World! Slide 18 5. Geometrical Arrangement of Figures The Dreyfus Madonna with the Pomegranate Leonardo da Vinci 1469 The figure as architecture! Slide 19 6. Light & Shadowing/Softening Edges Chiaroscuro light dark Sfumato to tone down Slide 20 7. Artists as Personalities/Celebrities Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects Giorgio Vasari 1550 Slide 21 Slide 22 Renaissance Florence The Wool Factory by Mirabello Cavalori, 1570 The Wool Factory by Mirabello Cavalori, 1570 1252 first gold florins minted 1252 first gold florins minted Florentine lion: symbol of St. Mark Florentine lion: symbol of St. Mark Slide 23 Lorenzo the Magnificent 1478 - 1521 Cosimo de Medici 1517 - 1574 Slide 24 Florence Under the Medici Medici Chapel Medici Chapel The Medici Palace Slide 25 Filippo Brunelleschi 1377 - 1436 Architect Cuppolo of St. Maria del Fiore Slide 26 Filippo Brunelleschi Commissioned to build the cathedral dome. / Used unique architectural concepts. He studied the ancient Pantheon in Rome. Used ribs for support. Slide 27 Brunelleschis Secret Slide 28 Brunelleschis Dome: Basilica of Saint Mary of the Flower Slide 29 Comparing Domes Slide 30 Other Famous Domes Il Duomo St. Peters St. Pauls US capital (Florence) (Rome) (London) (Washington) Slide 31 The Duomo, as if completed, in a fresco by Andrea di Bonaiuto, painted in the 1390s, before the commencement of the dome Slide 32 The Duomos Baptistery Doors Slide 33 The Ideal City Piero della Francesca, 1470 Slide 34 A Contest to Decorate the Cathedral: Sacrifice of Isaac Panels BrunelleschiGhiberti Slide 35 Ghiberti Gates of Paradise Baptistry Door, Florence 1425 - 1452 The Winner! Slide 36 David by Donatello 1430 First free-form bronze since Roman times! The Liberation of Sculpture Slide 37 Slide 38 Vitruvian Man Leonardo da Vinci 1492 The Luomo universale Slide 39 The Renaissance Man Broad knowledge about many things in different fields. Deep knowledge/skill in one area. Able to link information from different areas/disciplines and create new knowledge. The Greek ideal of the well-rounded man was at the heart of Renaissance education. Slide 40 Self-Portrait -- da Vinci, 1512 1452 - 1519 Artist Sculptor Architect Scientist Engineer Inventor Slide 41 Leonardo, the Artist The Virgin of the Rocks Leonardo da Vinci 1483-1486 Slide 42 Leonardo, the Artist: From his Notebooks of over 5000 pages (1508-1519) Slide 43 Mona Lisa da Vinci, 1503-4 Slide 44 Mona Lisa OR da Vinci?? Slide 45 The Last Supper - da Vinci, 1498 & Geometry Slide 46 Refractory Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie Milan Slide 47 horizontal vertical Perspective! The Last Supper - da Vinci, 1498 Slide 48 A Da Vinci Code: St. John or Mary Magdalene? Slide 49 Leonardo, the Architect: Pages from his Notebook Study of a central church. 1488 Slide 50 Leonardo, the Scientist (Biology): Pages from his Notebook An example of the humanist desire to unlock the secrets of nature. Slide 51 Leonardo, the Scientist (Anatomy): Pages from his Notebook Slide 52 Leonardo, the Inventor: Pages from his Notebook Slide 53 Man Can Fly? Slide 54 A study of siege defenses. Studies of water-lifting devices. Leonardo, the Engineer: Pages from his Notebook Slide 55 Slide 56 Michelangelo Buonorrati 1475 1564 He represented the body in three dimensions of sculpture. Slide 57 Donatello 1408-1409, Michelangelo 1501-1504, Bernini 1623-1624 Three David Sculptures from the Renaissance Slide 58 David Michelangelo Buonarotti 1504 Marble Slide 59 15c 16c What a difference a century makes! Slide 60 The Pieta Michelangelo Buonarroti 1499 marble The Popes as Patrons of the Arts Slide 61 The Sistine Chapel Michelangelo Buonarroti 1508 - 1512 Slide 62 The Sistine Chapels Ceiling Michelangelo Buonarroti 1508 - 1512 Slide 63 The Sistine Chapel Details The Creation of the Heavens Slide 64 The Sistine Chapel Details Creation of Man Slide 65 The Sistine Chapel Details The Fall from Grace Slide 66 The Sistine Chapel Details The Last Judgment Slide 67 Baldassare Castiglione by Raphael, 1514-1515 Wrote The Courtier Castiglione represented the humanist gentleman as a man of refinement and self-control. Slide 68 Perspective!Perspective! Betrothal of the Virgin Raphael 1504 Slide 69 Raphaels Canagiani Madonna, 1507 Slide 70 Raphaels Madonnas (1) Sistine Madonna Cowpepper Madonna Slide 71 Madonna della Sedia Alba Madonna Raphaels Madonnas (2) Slide 72 The School of Athens Raphael, 1510 -11 One point perspective. All of the important Greek philosophers and thinkers are included all of the great personalities of the Seven Liberal Arts! A great variety of poses. Located in the papal apartments library. Raphael worked on this commission simultaneously as Michelangelo was doing the Sistine Chapel. No Christian themes here. Slide 73 The School of Athens Raphael, 1510 -11 Raphael Da Vinci Michelangelo Slide 74 Aristotle: looks to this earth [the here and now]. Plato: looks to the heavens [or the IDEAL realm]. The School of Athens Raphael, details Slide 75 Zoroaster Ptolemy Euclid Slide 76 The Liberation of St. Peter by Raphael, 1514 Slide 77 Portrait of Pope Julius II by Raphael, 1511-1512 More concerned with politics than with theology. The Warrior Pope. Great patron of Renaissance artists, especially Raphael & Michelangelo. Died in 1513 Slide 78 Birth of Venus Botticelli, 1485 An attempt to depict perfect beauty. Slide 79 Primavera Botticelli, 1482 Depicted classical gods as almost naked and life-size.
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