himalayan tsunami 2013
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HIMALAYAN Tsunami 16/6/13
Causes of Flood
Due to Continuous Rain the Chorabari Glacier melted and this triggered the flooding of the Mandakini riverWhich led to heavy floods near Gobindghat, Kedar Dome, Rudraprayag district, Uttrakhand
From 15 June 2013, Indian state of Uttrakhand and near by are received heavy rainfall.The rainfall was above benchmark which is above 375 percent.A multi-daycloudburst,centered on the state Uttrakhandcaused devastating floods and landslides
Kedarnath Temple (Before Flood) Kedarnath Temple (After flood)
365 houses destroyed, 275 houses partially damaged in Uttrakhand
608 villages, covering a population of 7 lakhs, in 23 districts of Uttar Pradesh were affected with flood and As of 11July2013more than 120 deaths were reported from the state
822 Deaths were occurred in flood. (Official estimation).1800 People were missing.2232 housings were damaged.154 Bridges were damaged.1520 Roads were damaged
MAJOR CAUSES OF DESTRUCTIONMore than 220 power and mining projects are running in 14 river valleys in Uttrakhand. Several rivers are being diverted through tunnels for these projects leading to major disasters in the state.
Deforestation is also one of the most important factor of uttrakhand disaster, which cause frequently landslide.
How this can be prevented in futureAt present the area is only accessible by air and establishing the narrow roads and the foot bridges will be crucial.
Also barring the temple everything around remains in shambles which needs restoration work and as hinted by the Uttrakhand Chief Minister that it will take at least 2 years (Approximately).
The phenomenon known as Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFS) "are capable of releasing billions of cubic meters of glacial water, stored for decades, in a few short hours, or even in a matter of minutesThis could have been prevented if the state government had heeded the call to cease construction and encroachment on the riverbed.The New Delhi-based Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) has also traced the link between the disaster and the manner in which development has been carried out in this unique region.Acknowledging the economic importance of energy generation, CSE Director-General, questions whether or not the Central or state government ever considered the cumulative impact of the hydropower projects on the rivers and the mountains.Currently, there are roughly 70 projects built or (slated to be built) on the Ganga, expected to generate some 10,000 megawatts (MW) of powerGlobal Warming = Melting Glaciers = 'Himalayan Tsunamis'