herbal medicines(final)

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HERBAL MEDICINES

Common Name: STAR FRUIT (Balimbing)Scientific Name: Averrhoa carambolaLinn.Indication:- Vermifuge, laxative, refrigerant, antiscorbutic, febrifuge, sialogogue, antiphlogistic, stimulant, emmenagogue, anodyne, emetic.- Fruit is considered laxative, refrigerant, antiscorbutic,appetite stimulant, febrifuge, antidysenteric, sialagogue, and antiphlogistic.- Seed regarded as narcotic, anodyne, emetic and emmenagogue.Uses & Preparation:Edibility / Culinary / Nutritional-Edible fruitis a source of iron (low in calcium) and vitamins B and C, oxalate and potassium.- Because of high potassium content, the fruit should be excluded from the diets of patients withrenal failure.- In the Philippines, the fruit is eaten with or without salt; the juice used for seasoning.- Fruit used in making pickles and sweets.- InJava, flowers are used in salads.Folkloric- Decoction of leaves used for aphthous stomatitis and angina.- InTonkin, flowers are used as vermifuge.- Boiled flowers used to expel worms: 50 gms to a pint ofboiling water; drunk in normal doses.-Malaysuse a poultice of crushed shoots or leaves used externally for headaches, chickenpox, and ringworm.- TheChineseandAnnamitesuse the flowers for cutaneous affections; also use the fruit as an eye salve for ophthalmic affections.- Leaves applied externally for fevers.-Fruit syrupused as cooling drink for fevers.- Decoction of leaves and fruit used to arrest vomiting.- Fruit is laxative; also used for hematemesis, melena and other forms of hemorrhages.- Decoction of fruit, 50 gms to a pint of boiling water, 4-5 glasses a day used for bleeding piles.- Juice of fresh fruit for affections of the eyes.- Seed is used for asthma and colic: Powdered seeds, 10 gms to a cup of warm water, drunk 4 times daily.- InBrazil, used for headaches, eczema, vomiting, coughing and hangovers. Also, used as appetite stimulant, diuretic, antidiarrheal, and febrifuge.- InIndia, the ripe fruit is used to stop hemorrhages and relieve hemorrhoidal bleeding. Khasi tribe of Meghalaya use the ripe fruit in the treatment of jaundice.- The dried fruit or juice used for fevers.- Plant used as reproductive organ stimulant for both males and females. In females it is used to increase the flow of milk and menstrual fluid. It acts as an emmenagogue; sometimes used as abortive.- InAyurveda, ripe fruit is considered tonic and digestive; causes biliousness. Dried fruit is used for fevers.- Seed regarded as narcotic, anodyne, emetic, and emmenagogue. Seed powder, in doses of 1/2 to 3 drams or as watery infusion, considered a good anodyne in asthma, colic, and jaundice

Others-Cleaning: The acid type carambola dissolves tarnish and rust, occasionally used for cleaning and polishing metal.-Stain remover: Likekamias, fruit juice is used in washing clothes and to remove spots and stains.- Contains potassium oxalate which is used for dyeing.

Common Name: QUEENS FLOWER (Banaba)Scientific Name: Lagerstroemia speciosa LIndication:- Before shedding, the leaves are bright orange or red during which time it is thought to contain higher levels of corosolic acid.- Old leaves and ripe fruit are considered to yield the greatest amount of an insulin-like principle. Twenty grams of old leaves or fruit, dried from one to two weeks, in the form of 100 cc of 20% decoction was found to have activity equivalent to 6 to 7.7 units of insulin.- Mature leaves, young leaves and flowers have an activity that ranged from 4.4 to 5.4 units of insulin per 100 cc of 20% decoction, or equivalent to around 70% of the activity of the leaves or fruit.- Study of the wood yielded no insulin-like principle; the bark and roots yielded a very small amount.- Leaves are considered purgative, deobstructive, diuretic.- Roots are considered astringent, stimulant, febrifuge.- Bark considered stimulant and febrifuge.Uses & Preparation:-Decoction of leaves ofall agesused for diabetes mellitus. Some physicians believe the dried fruit decoction to be better.- Roots have been used for a variety of stomach ailments. Leaf decoction for diabetes; also use as a diuretic and purgative.- Decoction of old leaves and dried fruit (dried from one to two weeks), 50 gms to a pint of boiling water, 4 to 6 cups daily has been used for diabetes. Old leaves and ripe fruit are preferred, believed to have greater glucose lowering effect. Young leaves and flowers have a similar effect, though only 70% that of matures leaves and fruits. The wood has no known glucose lowering effect; the bark, a very small amount. A decoction of 20 gms of old leaves or dried fruit in 100 cc of water was found to have the equivalent effect to that of 6 to 7.7 units of insulin.- In Pahang decoction of bark has been used for the treatment of diarrhea.- Infusion of bark used for diarrhea.- The bark, flowers and leaves used to facilitate bowel movements.- Decoction of fruits or roots gargled for aphthous stomatitis.- Decoction of leaves and flowers used for fevers and as diuretic.- Leaf decoction or infusion used for bladder and kidney inflammation, dysuria, and other urinary dysfunctions.- Seeds considered to have narcotic properties; also employed against aphthae.Others-Banaba makes a useful timber tree.

Common Name: MONGO BEANS (Balatong)Scientific Name: Phaseolus aureusRoxb.Indication:- Seeds are high in carbohydrate (>45%) and protein (>21%); fair source of calcium, iron, vitamins A and B. deficient in vitamin C.- Sprouts are a good source of vitamin B.-Raw green gram containstrypsin inhibitorwhich is destroyed by cooking.-Seeds are considered tonic and aperient.Uses & Preparation:Culinary- Extensively used in Philippine cuisine, in salads or boiled, in soups or stews.- InChinese cooking, bean sprouts is considered ayinor cooling food.Folkloric- Decoction of seeds used as diuretic in cases of beriberi.- The seeds, boiled or raw, used in maturative poultices.- Extracts used for its protective and curative properties in polyneuritis galinarum.- Roots considered narcotic, used for bone pains.- InIndia, seeds are used, internally and externally, for paralysis, rheumatism and a variety ofnervous systemailments.- Used for fevers.- The seeds are used for coughs, hemorrhoids and liver afflictions.- Powdered beans used to promote suppuration.- Seeds used in anorexia.- Poultice used for checking secretions of milk and reducing distention of the mammary glands.- Powdered beans rubbed into scarifications over tumors and abscesses to promote suppuration.- InIndo-China, seeds considered antiscorbutic and diuretic.

Common Name: STAR APPLE (Caimito)Scientific Name: Chrysophyllum cainitoLinn.Indication:- Seed is tonic, diuretic and febrifuge.- Pectoral, tonic, stimulant.Uses & Preparation:Folkloric- InMexico, decoction of the bark given for dysentery.-InCosta Rica, infusion of bark is tonic and refreshing.-Tonic: Infusion of the bark is tonic and refreshing.- Latex is used for abscesses.- Dried latex used as antihelminthic.- In some countries, the fruit is used for diabetes.- Bitter seed sometimes used as tonic, for diarrhea and fevers.- Fruit eaten for inflammation in laryngitis and pneumonia.- Used for diabetes.- Decoction used for angina.- In theIvory Coast, decoction of leaves used for hypertension. Leaf decoction also used for diabetes.- InVenezuela, unripe fruit used forintestinal problems.- InPuerto Rico, fruit used intreatment of diabetes.- Decoction of bark used as tonic and stimulant; used for diarrhea, dysentery, hemorrhages and treatment of gonorrhea.-Cubansin Miami reported to use the leaf decoction forcancer treatment.- InBrazil, bark latex used resolutive on abscesses; and as a potent vermifuge when dried and powdered.

Common Name: ARABIAN COFFEE (Kape)Scientific Name: Coffea arabicaLinn.Indication:- Respiratory, gastric and renal stimulant; diuretic, antilithic, digestive, peristaltic, febrifuge.- Increases reflex action and mental activity. More stimulating than cocoa.-Roasted coffeebelieved to have disinfectant and deodorant properties.- A strong infusion of coffee is antisoporific.Uses & Preparation:Folkloric-Infusion or decoction of roasted coffee leaves as a stimulant. Some prefer the leaf to the berry.An important alkaloid used as a stimulant for the nervous system and circulation.- In traditionalIndianmedicine, coffee is a palliative in spasmodic asthma, whooping cough, delirium tremens.- Used in the early stages of typhoid fever.- Roasted coffee used for disinfectant and deodorant properties.- Strong infusion ofblack coffeeused as antisoporific in cases of poisoning by opium, alcohol, and other stupefying or narcotic poisons.- Used as vehicle for administration of quinine and sulfate of magnesia, concealing the bitter and nauseous tastes of the medicines.- Used as a tonic to offset theeffects of malaria.- Used as a diuretic in dropsy.- In the raw state, berries are used for hemicrania and intermittent fevers.

Common Name: CUCUMBER (Pipino)Scientific Name: Cucumis sativusIndication:- Seeds are antihelminthic; also, cooling, diuretic, and strengthening.-Active ingredientof theessential oilis considered aphrodisiac in nature.- Checkmate dehydrogenase from the pulp is considered a facialskin softener; also cooling and a natural sunscreen.Uses & Preparation:Edibility / Nutritional- Peeled raw fruit is peeled, sliced thin, served with vinegar, sugar, salt, pepper and calamansi makes a good vegetableside dish.- Common salad ingredient; also boiled in stew dishes.- Seed kernel is edible.- A variety is used for making pickles.- In Malaya, young leaves are eaten raw or steamed.- Good source of calcium and iron, vitamins B and C.Folkloric- Juice of leaves used as an emetic in acuteindigestion in children.- Ripe, raw cucumbers said to be good for sprue.- Bruised root applied to swelling from the wound of hedgehog quill.- Raw cucumbers used for dysentery.- Cucumber salve used for scalds and burns.- Seeds used

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