Helpful Hints on Writing an Essay Essay Organization Essay Organization Thesis Statement Thesis Statement Topic/Supporting sentences Topic/Supporting.

Download Helpful Hints on Writing an Essay Essay Organization Essay Organization Thesis Statement Thesis Statement Topic/Supporting sentences Topic/Supporting.

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  • Slide 1
  • Slide 2
  • Helpful Hints on Writing an Essay Essay Organization Essay Organization Thesis Statement Thesis Statement Topic/Supporting sentences Topic/Supporting sentences Transition words/phrases Transition words/phrases Example/ Non-example essays Example/ Non-example essays
  • Slide 3
  • Organizing an Essay When organizing an essay, ask yourself these questions When organizing an essay, ask yourself these questions Is there a clearly stated purpose/objective? Is there a clearly stated purpose/objective? Are there effective transitions? Are there effective transitions? Are the introduction and conclusion focused on the main point of the essay? Are the introduction and conclusion focused on the main point of the essay? As a reader, can you easily follow the writer's flow of ideas? As a reader, can you easily follow the writer's flow of ideas? Is each paragraph focused on a single idea? Is each paragraph focused on a single idea? At any point in the essay, do you feel lost or confused? At any point in the essay, do you feel lost or confused? Do any of the ideas/paragraphs seem out of order, too early or too late to be as effective as they could? Do any of the ideas/paragraphs seem out of order, too early or too late to be as effective as they could?
  • Slide 4
  • Essay Format A standard essay should include 5 paragraphs- Introduction paragraph, 3 body paragraphs, and a conclusion paragraph. A standard essay should include 5 paragraphs- Introduction paragraph, 3 body paragraphs, and a conclusion paragraph. The introduction paragraph should contain a thesis statement (a thesis statement should not be a question). The introduction paragraph should contain a thesis statement (a thesis statement should not be a question). Each body paragraph should solely focus on one main point Each body paragraph should solely focus on one main point Dont forget to indent the beginning of each paragraph (use one click of the tab button when typing) Dont forget to indent the beginning of each paragraph (use one click of the tab button when typing)
  • Slide 5
  • What is a Thesis Statement? A thesis statement: A thesis statement: tells the reader how you will interpret the significance of the subject matter under discussion. tells the reader how you will interpret the significance of the subject matter under discussion. tells the reader what to expect from the rest of the paper. tells the reader what to expect from the rest of the paper. directly answers the question asked of you. A thesis is an interpretation of a question or subject, not the subject itself. The subject, or topic, of an essay might be World War II or Moby Dick; a thesis must then offer a way to understand the war or the novel. directly answers the question asked of you. A thesis is an interpretation of a question or subject, not the subject itself. The subject, or topic, of an essay might be World War II or Moby Dick; a thesis must then offer a way to understand the war or the novel. is usually a single sentence somewhere in your first paragraph that presents your argument to the reader. The rest of the paper, the body of the essay, gathers and organizes evidence that will persuade the reader of the logic of your interpretation. is usually a single sentence somewhere in your first paragraph that presents your argument to the reader. The rest of the paper, the body of the essay, gathers and organizes evidence that will persuade the reader of the logic of your interpretation.
  • Slide 6
  • Thesis Statement Examples/Non-examples Topic: Topic: Compare and contrast the reasons why the North and South fought the Civil War. Compare and contrast the reasons why the North and South fought the Civil War. Thesis sentence: (strong) Thesis sentence: (strong) While both Northerners and Southerners believed they fought against tyranny and oppression, Northerners focused on the oppression of slaves while Southerners defended their own right to self-government. While both Northerners and Southerners believed they fought against tyranny and oppression, Northerners focused on the oppression of slaves while Southerners defended their own right to self-government. Thesis sentence: (weak) Thesis sentence: (weak) The North and South fought the Civil War for many reasons, some of which were the same and some different. The North and South fought the Civil War for many reasons, some of which were the same and some different.
  • Slide 7
  • Topic/Supporting Sentences Topic sentence: Every paragraph needs a topic sentence. The topic sentence is usually the first sentence of the paragraph. It gives the reader an idea of what the paragraph is going to be about. Topic sentence: Every paragraph needs a topic sentence. The topic sentence is usually the first sentence of the paragraph. It gives the reader an idea of what the paragraph is going to be about. Supporting Sentences: Within each body paragraph supporting details should support the main point. The supporting sentences need to be about the idea presented in the topic sentence. In a paragraph, every sentence should "belong". Supporting Sentences: Within each body paragraph supporting details should support the main point. The supporting sentences need to be about the idea presented in the topic sentence. In a paragraph, every sentence should "belong". For example For example Topic sentence and Supporting Details: (body paragraphs) Topic sentence and Supporting Details: (body paragraphs) 1- Disneyland is expensive 1- Disneyland is expensive A- admission is more than $30.00 A- admission is more than $30.00 B- food and drinks are too expensive B- food and drinks are too expensive C- souvenirs are too expensive C- souvenirs are too expensive 2- waiting in long lines 2- waiting in long lines A- waiting in lines to get tickets A- waiting in lines to get tickets B- waiting in lines to get on rides B- waiting in lines to get on rides C- waiting in lines to buy food or drinks C- waiting in lines to buy food or drinks 3- terrible food 3- terrible food A- very few choices A- very few choices B- food is stale B- food is stale C- drinks are tasteless C- drinks are tasteless
  • Slide 8
  • What is a transition? Words or phrases or techniques that help bring two ideas together. Transitional words and phrases represent one way of gaining coherence. Words or phrases or techniques that help bring two ideas together. Transitional words and phrases represent one way of gaining coherence. Certain words help continue an idea, indicate a shift of though or contrast, or sum up a conclusion. Certain words help continue an idea, indicate a shift of though or contrast, or sum up a conclusion.
  • Slide 9
  • Helpful Transitions Change the line of reasoning (contrast/ difference) Change the line of reasoning (contrast/ difference) However However In contrast In contrast On the other hand On the other hand Nevertheless Nevertheless On the contrary On the contrary Examples Examples Girls often enjoy extracurricular activities dealing with social events. However, these social events may vary dramatically. Most adolescents are excited about the new Grand Theft Auto video game. On the contrary, parents and community leaders are concerned about the video games violent aspects.
  • Slide 10
  • Helpful Transitions For continuing a common line of reasoning (adding/similarities) For continuing a common line of reasoning (adding/similarities) Furthermore Furthermore In addition In addition Additionally Additionally Also Also Moreover Moreover Consequently Consequently Pursuing this further Pursuing this further Examples Examples In addition, homework not only helps students practice, but it also helps students learn how to organize and manage their free time. Obamas inauguration is expected to be the most viewed inauguration in the history of the United States. Furthermore, Obamas inauguration has been expected to reach record sales for presidential memorabilia.
  • Slide 11
  • Helpful Transitions Transitional chains, to use in separating sections of a paragraph, arranged chronologically: Transitional chains, to use in separating sections of a paragraph, arranged chronologically: firstsecondthird firstsecondthird generally... furthermore... Finally generally... furthermore... Finally in the first place... also... lastly in the first place... also... lastly basically... similarly... as well basically... similarly... as well in the first place... just in the same way... finally in the first place... just in the same way... finally Examples Examples Generally, in order for students to comprehend all information provided to them, they must first practice. Homework is a tool used to help students store information as well as practice new lessons. Generally, in order for students to comprehend all information provided to them, they must first practice. Homework is a tool used to help students store information as well as practice new lessons. In addition, homework not only helps students practice, but it also helps students learn how to organize and manage their free time. In addition, homework not only helps students practice, but it also helps students learn how to organize and manage their free time. Lastly, homework can prepare students for higher edification. Homework is simply another extension of knowledge. Lastly, homework can prepare students for higher edification. Homework is simply another extension of knowledge. ***Each bold word represents the first sentence to a paragraph. ***Each bold word represents the first sentence to a paragraph.
  • Slide 12
  • Helpful Transitions To signal conclusion (final points in the final paragraph): To signal conclusion (final points in the final paragraph): In conclusion In conclusion In final analysis In final analysis Hence Hence In final consideration In final consideration Indeed Indeed Therefore Therefore Example Example In conclusion, homework, at first glance, may seem completely pointless at first. However, when reviewed a little closer, it is easy to see that homework begins as a foundation that helps students practice their assignments and prioritize their time. In conclusion, homework, at first glance, may seem completely pointless at first. However, when reviewed a little closer, it is easy to see that homework begins as a foundation that helps students practice their assignments and prioritize their time.
  • Slide 13
  • Example Essay Topic: Education is the single most important factor in the development of a country. Do you agree or disagree? Make sure you use at least 3 valid points to support your idea. Topic: Education is the single most important factor in the development of a country. Do you agree or disagree? Make sure you use at least 3 valid points to support your idea. Information has been highlighted in the following essay Information has been highlighted in the following essay Notes: Notes: Thesis- blue Thesis- blue Transitions-neon green Transitions-neon green Topic sentences- pink Topic sentences- pink
  • Slide 14
  • Essay- Education As a teacher, I believe that education is the single most important factor in the development of our country. The United States could not have flourished throughout history to be a powerful and successful nation without edification. From the use of technology, to advances in medicine to economic development, success begins with education. As a teacher, I believe that education is the single most important factor in the development of our country. The United States could not have flourished throughout history to be a powerful and successful nation without edification. From the use of technology, to advances in medicine to economic development, success begins with education. Admittedly, without the information that we have managed to discover from year to year we would not have technology. Educated professionals are constantly creating new advancements in the world so that our lives may function with ease. Twenty years ago, owning a personal computer was an alien idea, but now this is a common experience within American life. Computers help for data storage, communication, researching information and so much more. Imagine not having computers or other technology because of a lack of education. Admittedly, without the information that we have managed to discover from year to year we would not have technology. Educated professionals are constantly creating new advancements in the world so that our lives may function with ease. Twenty years ago, owning a personal computer was an alien idea, but now this is a common experience within American life. Computers help for data storage, communication, researching information and so much more. Imagine not having computers or other technology because of a lack of education.
  • Slide 15
  • Essay- Education contd Technology isnt the only reason education is significant; education is also significant because with education comes advances in medicine as well. Everyday, medical schools and laboratories are persistently creating new medicines to improve the life span of human beings. How could we have discovered treatments for cancer and AIDS without learning about and scrutinizing the diseases? Technology isnt the only reason education is significant; education is also significant because with education comes advances in medicine as well. Everyday, medical schools and laboratories are persistently creating new medicines to improve the life span of human beings. How could we have discovered treatments for cancer and AIDS without learning about and scrutinizing the diseases? Lastly, the economic development of our country depends on the educational level of our country. To create a stable economic atmosphere that runs smoothly and creates job and financial growth the country needs educated leaders and entrepreneurs. Financial specialists, economists and analysts are at the heart of easing our economic crisis in America right now. Lastly, the economic development of our country depends on the educational level of our country. To create a stable economic atmosphere that runs smoothly and creates job and financial growth the country needs educated leaders and entrepreneurs. Financial specialists, economists and analysts are at the heart of easing our economic crisis in America right now.
  • Slide 16
  • Essay- Education contd In conclusion, the United States would not be a prosperous country without education. Teaching and learning is the most important factor that we can pass along to future generations. Without education our country would lack advancements in technology, medicine and economics. In conclusion, the United States would not be a prosperous country without education. Teaching and learning is the most important factor that we can pass along to future generations. Without education our country would lack advancements in technology, medicine and economics.
  • Slide 17
  • Non-Example Essay Because I am a student, I think that education is important to helping our country grow. We couldnt have been rich without smart people building up our stuff. Inventions and medicine and making money for our country starts with education. In the following essay I will tell you how important education is to us. Because I am a student, I think that education is important to helping our country grow. We couldnt have been rich without smart people building up our stuff. Inventions and medicine and making money for our country starts with education. In the following essay I will tell you how important education is to us. Without smart people finding stuff out we would not have technology. Smart people find stuff that helps us live easier lives. Like a computer helps organize stuff. Without smart people finding stuff out we would not have technology. Smart people find stuff that helps us live easier lives. Like a computer helps organize stuff. But the computers arent the only things that are important, education is also important because education helps with making new medicines for sick folks. Like my grandma she got sick. And my hole family was upset cause we thought she was gonna die. My too uncles Jerome and Lil Tito started fighting. But the doctor created a new medicine to cure her sickness. But the computers arent the only things that are important, education is also important because education helps with making new medicines for sick folks. Like my grandma she got sick. And my hole family was upset cause we thought she was gonna die. My too uncles Jerome and Lil Tito started fighting. But the doctor created a new medicine to cure her sickness.
  • Slide 18
  • Non-Example Essay contd Nobody can make no money unless smart people be running the busynesses. We got to have people like Bill Gates to make money for people. Bill Gates is smart and look at what he did. Nobody can make no money unless smart people be running the busynesses. We got to have people like Bill Gates to make money for people. Bill Gates is smart and look at what he did. Like I said earlier, our country would not be a rich country without education, nobody would be able to be rich if they were dumb. My grandma would be dead if smart people hadnt made a cure for her and I couldnt type no papers without my computer, and you couldnt neither. Like I said earlier, our country would not be a rich country without education, nobody would be able to be rich if they were dumb. My grandma would be dead if smart people hadnt made a cure for her and I couldnt type no papers without my computer, and you couldnt neither.
  • Slide 19
  • Useful Websites http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/the sis.html http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/the sis.html http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/the sis.html http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/the sis.html http://www.arts.uottawa.ca/writcent/hypergra mmar/partopic.html http://www.arts.uottawa.ca/writcent/hypergra mmar/partopic.html http://www.arts.uottawa.ca/writcent/hypergra mmar/partopic.html http://www.arts.uottawa.ca/writcent/hypergra mmar/partopic.html http://www.studygs.net/wrtstr4.htm http://www.studygs.net/wrtstr4.htm

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