heir conditioning

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MALAYSIA - 1957

MALAYSIA - TODAY

HEIR CONDITIONING

Heir ConditioningGrand dad did you breathe Before air cons were invented Wasn't it hard staying Alive without modern inventions Grandma weren't you flustered As you fluttered with paper fans Could you communicate before Faxes and long distance calls Became basic necessities?

Grand child we lived Before your age because Of our ignorance, We did not know Pollution, stress, traffic jams Destruction of forests, streams and hills We feared God and nature Now nature fears you and Money is your new God

HEIR??CONDITIONING???

HeirA descendant, grandchild or great-grandchild. The younger generation.

ConditionThe situation in which people live.

ConditioningMaking a person or an animal think or behave in the certain way.

Deciding or controlling the way in which something can happen.

Grand dad did you breathe Before air cons were invented Wasn't it hard staying Alive without modern inventions Grandma weren't you flustered As you fluttered with paper fans Could you communicate before Faxes and long distance calls Became basic necessities? Grand child we lived Before your age because Of our ignorance, We did not know Pollution, stress, traffic jams Destruction of forests, streams and hills We feared God and nature Now nature fears you and Money is your new God

Word bank: Invented: created Inventions: creations Flustered: frustrated/ angry Fluttered: fanned Communicate: talk Necessities: daily needs Ignorance: lack of knowledge Pollution: dirty environment Stress: mental pressure or tension

The Poet - Dato' M. SHANmughalingam Poet, novelist. Studied at University of Malaya, Harvard and Oxford University.

The MeaningIn Stanza 1, the grandchild/persona inquiring

Grand dad did you breathe before air cons were invented

Meaning: The grandchild asks his grandfather if he was able to breathe before air conditioners were made.

was it hard staying alive without modern inventions?

Meaning: The grandchild asks whether his/her grandfather found it difficult to live without modern gadgets.

Grandma weren't you flustered as you fluttered with paper fans?

Meaning: The grandchild asks his grandmother whether she was angry when she had to cool herself with paper fans.

Could you communicate before faxes and long distance calls became basic necessities?

Meaning: The grandchild wonders how his/her grandparents communicated before there were no facsimile machines and telephones. These are considered basic needs in our lives.

In Stanza 2, the grandfather/grandmother responds to the questions posed by his grandchild/ persona in Stanza 1.

Grand child we lived before your age. Because of our ignorance, we did not know pollution, stress, traffic jams destruction of forests, streams and hills

Meaning: The grandparent says that they lived at an earlier time than the grandchild. However, since they were not educated, they didnt have to deal with pollution, stress, traffic jams and the damage of the natural environment.

We feared God and nature

Meaning: We were afraid of God and respected nature.

Now nature fears you and Money is your new God

Meaning: Now, nature is being threatened by you and money has become your main focus.

Grand dad did you1 breathe Before air cons were invented Wasn't it hard staying Alive without modern inventions Grandma weren't you2 flustered As you fluttered with paper fans Could you communicate before Faxes and long distance calls Became basic necessities?Grand child we3 lived Before your age because Of our ignorance, We did not know Pollution, stress, traffic jams Destruction of forests, streams and hills We feared God and nature Now nature fears you4 and Money is your new God

Who do the following pronouns refer to?Their numbers correspond to those in the poem: 1.You 2.You 3.We 4.You

Answer the following questions:1.How many voices are there in the poem?

2.Who are the voices?3.What are the three voices talking about? 4.Who is answering the questions?

How does the grandchild think of his/her grandparents world?

How does the grandparents think of their grandchilds world?

Setting Time: present time with referenced to the past Place: not mentioned

StructureTwo stanzasNo fixed rhyme

Point of View First person point of view Persona in stanza one: Grandchild Persona in stanza two: Grandparents

Tone Overall, serious tone Stanza one is inquiring Stanza two is reflective

Language and Style Language: simple yet indirect language is used Style: a dialogue in which a grandchild questions his/her grandparents about life in the past.

Literary Devices1. ImageryImages such as pollution, traffic jams Grandma fanning herself: temperature.

2. SymbolsGrandparents represent people who lived better life before development spoiled the environment.

3. IronyThe child sympathizing with his/ her grandparents for having struggle in a world without modern inventions. Ignorance is a negative thing but it has brought positive effects for people of grandpa and grandmas time.

4. Personification

Theme Love for money and material things No fear of God No love for the environment Development versus destruction of the environment Issue of modern inventions that gives us convenience but destroy the environment

Moral ValueWe must love our environment We must not be materialistic We must use knowledge wisely

The End