healthy before pregnancy march of dimes nc preconception health campaign

Download Healthy Before Pregnancy March of Dimes NC Preconception Health Campaign

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  • Slide 1
  • Healthy Before Pregnancy March of Dimes NC Preconception Health Campaign
  • Slide 2
  • Pathways to poor birth outcomes: Lesson Plan 1
  • Slide 3
  • Healthy before pregnancy Achieve a healthy lifestyle BEFORE becoming pregnant. Making healthy choices before pregnancy can greatly improve birth outcomes. A daily multivitamin, eating smart and moving more NOW makes a big difference.
  • Slide 4
  • Main messages Make your life simpletake a multivitamin Eat smart, move more Know your risks, have a plan Be a champion for healthy babies
  • Slide 5
  • Overview Section 1: Birth outcome terms Section 2: Causes of poor birth outcomes Section 3: Overview of birth defects Section 4: NC and birth outcomes Section 5: What a healthy pregnancy looks like
  • Slide 6
  • Section 1: Birth outcome terms
  • Slide 7
  • Birth outcome terms Infant mortality Birth defects Unintended pregnancies Environmental factors Prenatal care Premature birth (prematurity) Epidemic Low birthweight
  • Slide 8
  • Infant mortality
  • Slide 9
  • Birth defects
  • Slide 10
  • Unintended pregnancies
  • Slide 11
  • Environmental factors
  • Slide 12
  • Prenatal care
  • Slide 13
  • Premature birth (prematurity)
  • Slide 14
  • Epidemic Source : National Center for Health Statistics, final natality data. Retrieved September 29, 2010, from marchofdimes.com/peristats. 2010 March of Dimes Foundation. All rights reserved.marchofdimes.com/peristats Preterm Births: US, 2007
  • Slide 15
  • Epidemic Source : National Center for Health Statistics, final natality data. Retrieved September 29, 2010, from marchofdimes.com/peristats. 2010 March of Dimes Foundation. All rights reserved.marchofdimes.com/peristats Preterm Births by race/ethnicity: North Carolina, 2005-2007 Average
  • Slide 16
  • Low birthweight =
  • Slide 17
  • Section 2: Causes of poor birth outcomes Genetic birth defects Maternal illness Medication Environment (smoking, drugs, drinking) Age of mother Dont know category
  • Slide 18
  • Genetic birth defects
  • Slide 19
  • Causes of poor birth outcomes: Maternal illness
  • Slide 20
  • Medication
  • Slide 21
  • Environment
  • Slide 22
  • Age of mother Teen mothers are more likely to: Have babies born to soon and/or too small Have babies that die Go into labor too early, have anemia and high blood pressure
  • Slide 23
  • Dont know category
  • Slide 24
  • Section 3: Overview of birth defects 120,000 or 1 in 33 U.S. babies are born with birth defects Most common include: Heart defects Cleft lip/palate Down syndrome Spina bifida
  • Slide 25
  • Single gene defects Achondroplasia Marfan syndrome Tay-Sachs disease Cystic fibrosis
  • Slide 26
  • X-linked birth defects For example: Hemophilia
  • Slide 27
  • Birth defects: Chromosomal For example: Down syndrome Down syndrome. Source: U.S. Department of Energy Human Genome Program.
  • Slide 28
  • Birth defects: Metabolic disorders For example: Phenylketonuria (PKU) Copyright March of Dimes Foundation, Inc.
  • Slide 29
  • Birth defects: Multifactorial Cleft lip/palate Neural tube defects Heart defects Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities
  • Slide 30
  • Neural tube defects Anencephaly Spina bifida Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities
  • Slide 31
  • Neural tube defects 2,500-3,000 U.S. babies are born each year with NTDs Another 1,500 are still born or terminated because of this birth defect In NC, approximately 200 pregnancies are affected by a NTD each year
  • Slide 32
  • Section 4: North Carolina and birth outcomes
  • Slide 33
  • An average week in NC: How many babies are born? 2,459
  • Slide 34
  • How many babies are born to teen mothers (ages 15-19)? 283 An average week in NC:
  • Slide 35
  • How many babies are born to mothers who receive inadequate prenatal care? 226 An average week in NC:
  • Slide 36
  • How many babies are born prematurely? 334
  • Slide 37
  • An average week in NC: How many babies are born low birthweight (weighing less than 5 lbs, 8 oz)? 223
  • Slide 38
  • An average week in NC: How many babies die before their first birthday? 21
  • Slide 39
  • NC ranks 45 th for infant mortality NC ranks 41 st for premature birth 2009 March of Dimes Foundation. All rights reserved. How does NC compare?
  • Slide 40
  • Healthy birth outcomes
  • Slide 41
  • Main messages Make your life simple - take a multivitamin Eat smart, move more Know your risks, have a plan Be a healthy babies champion

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