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<ul><li><p>EngagingParents and </p><p>CarersGuidance for Schools </p><p>Healthier Living &amp; Learning</p></li><li><p>Foreword Pg4Introduction Pg7Whyisitimportantforschoolstoengagewithparents/carersaspartoftheNationalHealthySchoolsProgramme? Pg8Whataresomeofthefactorsthatmightaffectparent/carerparticipationinschools? Pg1Workingwithhardtoengageparents/carers Pg1Waysofengagingwithgroupsofparents/carers Pg16Ladderofparental/carerparticipation Pg18LeadershipandManagement Pg0Usingself-evaluationtoimproveparental/carerparticipation Pg Howhavewereachedourcurrentposition? Pg Wheredowewanttobeinthefuture? Pg4Parental/carerparticipationandOfstedsSelfEvaluationForm Pg5 UsingtheNHSPNationalAudittoaddress issuesraisedintheOfstedSEF,Section Pg5ToolsandTechniques Pg8Conclusion Pg1UsefulWebsites PgReferences PgAppendix1-Self-reviewofparticipationwithparents/carers Pg4Appendix-Engagementsummary Pg8</p><p>Contents</p><p>Healthier Living &amp; Learning</p></li><li><p>4</p><p>ForewordThisdocumenthasbeenwrittenforschools,LocalProgrammeCo-ordinatorsandotherpartneragenciesinvolvedintheNationalHealthySchoolsProgramme.Itaimstosetoutarangeofgoodpracticeexamplesandstrategiesfortheeffectiveengagementofparents/carers,includingthosethataredifficulttoengage.</p></li><li><p>5</p><p>Inthisdocumentthetermparents/carerswillbeusedtorefertoallcategoriesofparentwhichincludesteenageparents,singleparents,fosterparents,corporateparents(localauthority),fathers,samesexparents,parentsfromvulnerablefamilygroups(e.g.thoseaffectedbysubstancemisuse),asylumseekingparents,stepparents,recentlyseparatedparents,legalguardians,parentswithEnglishasasecondlanguageandparentswithadisability.</p><p>Essentiallyparents/carerswillbeusedtocoveranyadultororganisationoperatingwithinaparentingrole,includingmembersoftheextendedfamilyandlocalauthorities.</p><p>Parents/carersarenotahomogenousgroupandassuchtheyhavedifferentneedsandthereforemayrequiredifferentmethodsofengagement.</p><p>How should this document be used?Inthisdocumentwelookatwhyitisimportantforschoolstoengagewithparents/carersaspartoftheNationalHealthySchoolsProgramme,whatthecurrentlevelsofparticipationareinschools,aswellaswaysofworkingwithhardtoengageparents/carers.</p><p>WeincludeaSelfEvaluationTool,foundatAppendix1,toassesscurrentlevelsofparent/carerparticipation.TheEngagementSummary,foundatAppendix,willhelpschoolsidentifythebenefitsofusingparticularmethodstoengageindividualparents/carers.Itwillalsoallowschoolstocomparecurrentpracticewiththeladderofparticipationfoundonpage18.</p><p>CentraltotheNationalHealthySchoolsProgrammeistheWholeSchoolApproach1andworkingwithparents/carersisasignificantaspectofthis.Ifparents/carersareeffectivelyengagedinschoollife,theyaremorelikelytoparticipateandplayanactiveroleinsupportingtheirchildrentoachieve,andtohelpschoolssuccessfullygainandmaintainNationalHealthySchoolStatus.</p><p>1NationalHealthySchoolsProgramme(007)WholeSchoolApproachtotheNationalHealthySchoolsProgramme</p></li><li><p>6</p></li><li><p>7</p><p>IntroductionTheGovernmentiskeentopromotestrongpartnershipsinvolvingparents/carersandschools.TheDepartmentforChildren,SchoolsandFamilies(DCSF)WhitepaperHigherStandards,BetterSchoolsforAllMoreChoiceforParentsandPupils(005)setsoutacommitmenttoincreasingtheinvolvementofparents/carersinschoolsandensuringthattheirvoiceisheard.</p><p>TheDepartmentforChildren,SchoolsandFamiliespublishedtheChildrensPlanwhichsetsouttheGovernments10yearplanforchildren.AswellaswhatitcallsarootandbranchreviewofEnglishprimaryeducation,italsocontainsplansforparentrunschoolcouncilsandanationalpanelofparentstoadviseministersaspartofeffortstojoinupandimprovetheschoolandhomeexperienceofchildren.</p><p>TheGovernmentproposestoplaceafurthernewdutyongoverningbodiestoformallytakeintoaccounttheviewsofparents/carers.</p><p>DCSF(005)HigherStandards,BetterSchoolsforAll-MoreChoiceforParentsandPupilsDCSF(007)ChildrensPlan</p></li><li><p>8</p><p>Why is it important forschools to engagewith parents/carers as partof the NHSP?AHealthySchoolisawelcoming,openschool,whichactivelyincludesparents/carersaspartofthewholeschoolcommunity.Itencouragesparental/carerinvolvementandprovidestheinformationandguidanceaparent/carerneedstosupporttheirchildshealth,wellbeing,happinessandoveralleducationalsuccess.Itachievesthisthroughregularcommunicationandbycreatingarangeofopportunitiesforparents/carerstobeinvolvedinschoolactivities.Itwillalsouseeffectiveproceduresforfeedback,consultation,participationandcomplaints.</p><p>TheDCSFdocumentEveryParentMatters(007)4makescleartheGovernmentsviewthatparents/carersshouldbeempoweredtoinfluenceandshapepublicservices,suchasschools,andbeginthenationaldebateastohowparents/carerscanbebestsupportedandengaged.Itoutlinestheinfluentialrolethatparents/carersplayinthedevelopmentoftheirchildslearningandconfirmsthatparentalinvolvementina</p><p>childsschoolingbetweentheagesof7-16isamorepowerfulforcethanfamilybackground,sizeoffamilyandlevelofparentaleducation.</p><p>EveryParentMattersdrawsonresearchwhichfoundthatmostparents/carersbelievethattheresponsibilityfortheirchildseducationissharedbetweenparents/carersandschools.</p><p>Italsohighlightsthat7percentofparents/carerssaidtheywantedmoreinvolvement.EveryParentMattersoutlinesfurthernationaldevelopments,including:</p><p>greateraccesstoparent/carersupportadviserswhowilllinkcloselywiththe</p><p> ExtendedSchoolsAgendahealth-ledparent/carerprojectsaNationalAcademyforParentingPractitionerstransitionalinformationsessions throughExtendedSchoolsServices.</p><p>4DCSF(007)EveryParentMatters</p></li><li><p>healthy eating</p><p>Theme Name</p><p>emotional health &amp; wellbeing</p><p>personal, social &amp; health education</p><p>Physical activity</p><p>Beyond National Healthy School Status</p><p>Mmm</p><p>Pupil Identity</p><p>OK</p><p>Me</p><p>Activ</p><p>Mmm</p><p>OK</p><p>Me</p><p>Activ</p><p>Mmm</p><p>OK</p><p>Me</p><p>Activ</p><p>Mmm</p><p>OK</p><p>Me</p><p>Activ</p><p>Personal, Social&amp; Health Education</p><p>Emotional Health&amp; WellBeing</p><p>HealthyEating</p><p>PhysicalActivity</p><p>Beyond NationalHealthy School Status</p><p>WholeSchool</p><p>Approach</p><p>healthy eating</p><p>Theme Name</p><p>emotional health &amp; wellbeing</p><p>personal, social &amp; health education</p><p>Physical activity</p><p>Beyond National Healthy School Status</p><p>Mmm</p><p>Pupil Identity</p><p>OK</p><p>Me</p><p>Activ</p><p>Mmm</p><p>OK</p><p>Me</p><p>Activ</p><p>Mmm</p><p>OK</p><p>Me</p><p>Activ</p><p>Mmm</p><p>OK</p><p>Me</p><p>Activ</p><p>Personal, Social&amp; Health Education</p><p>Emotional Health&amp; WellBeing</p><p>HealthyEating</p><p>PhysicalActivity</p><p>Beyond NationalHealthy School Status</p><p>healthy eating</p><p>Theme Name</p><p>emotional health &amp; wellbeing</p><p>personal, social &amp; health education</p><p>Physical activity</p><p>Beyond National Healthy School Status</p><p>Mmm</p><p>Pupil Identity</p><p>OK</p><p>Me</p><p>Activ</p><p>Mmm</p><p>OK</p><p>Me</p><p>Activ</p><p>Mmm</p><p>OK</p><p>Me</p><p>Activ</p><p>Mmm</p><p>OK</p><p>Me</p><p>Activ</p><p>Personal, Social&amp; Health Education</p><p>Emotional Health&amp; WellBeing</p><p>HealthyEating</p><p>PhysicalActivity</p><p>Beyond NationalHealthy School Status</p><p>healthy eating</p><p>Theme Name</p><p>emotional health &amp; wellbeing</p><p>personal, social &amp; health education</p><p>Physical activity</p><p>Beyond National Healthy School Status</p><p>Mmm</p><p>Pupil Identity</p><p>OK</p><p>Me</p><p>Activ</p><p>Mmm</p><p>OK</p><p>Me</p><p>Activ</p><p>Mmm</p><p>OK</p><p>Me</p><p>Activ</p><p>Mmm</p><p>OK</p><p>Me</p><p>Activ</p><p>Personal, Social&amp; Health Education</p><p>Emotional Health&amp; WellBeing</p><p>HealthyEating</p><p>PhysicalActivity</p><p>Beyond NationalHealthy School Status</p><p>1. setting up aHealthy Schoolstask group</p><p>2. conducting aneeds analysis andidentifying gaps</p><p>3. planning outcomesand actions</p><p>4. implementing change</p><p>5. monitoring</p><p>6. review</p><p>7. achievingNational Healthy School Status</p><p>HealthySchoolsareexpectedtoinvolveparents/carerswhensettinguptheirHealthySchoolsTaskGroup.ThistaskgroupisintegraltotheWholeSchoolApproach(seediagrambelow).</p><p>*PSHE=Personal,Social,HealthandEconomiceducationatKeystage</p></li><li><p>10</p><p>TheOfstedreportHealthySchools,HealthyChildren?(006)5foundthatconsultationwithparents/carerswasakeyfactorintheextenttowhichschoolswereabletosuccessfullypromotehealthierlifestyles.</p><p>Asuccessfulhome-schoolrelationshipcanbeakeyelementtomakingaschoolstrongerandmoreeffective.Itcanalsocontributetoachievingthefiveoutcomeswhicharemostimportanttochildrenandyoungpeople,includingstayinghealthy,assetoutinEveryChildMatters:ChangeforChildren.6</p><p>Ensuringfullengagementofparents/carersintheschoolisanactivitythatconstantlyneedstobereviewedandevaluated.Schoolsneedtomakesurethattheycontinuetoachievemaximumparticipationandengagement,includingwiththoseparents/carersthataredescribedashardtoreach/difficulttoengage.AmorerecentOfstedsurvey,Parents,CarersandSchools(007)7looksintotherelationshipbetweenparent/carersupportandchildrenandyoungpeopleslearning.Itfoundthatalltheschoolsintheirsurveyvaluedtheviewsofparents/carersviews.Inadditiontothis,thebestschools:</p><p>encourageparents/carersasactivepartnersdemonstrateversatility,flexibilityand</p><p>determinationintheireffortstoengage withparents/carersidentifypreciselyhowparents/carers cancontributeevaluatetheimpactofinitiativesand,ifthey</p><p>donotwork,thenchangethewayinwhichtheyarepromoted,untiltheydowork.</p><p>Agoodinductionarrangementforchildrenandyoungpeoplewasfoundtobeessentialinengagingparents/carerssuccessfullyandforestablishingaworkingpartnershipwithfamilies,rightfromthestart.Welcomingtheextendedfamilyintoschoolsisalsobecomingincreasinglyimportant,witharecommendationthatschoolsshouldactivelyinvolvegrandparentsintheirgrandchildrenslearning.</p><p>Moreandmoreschoolsarenowprovidingextendedactivities,includingparentingsupport.Thisincludesprovidingaccessto:</p><p>parentingprogrammesusingstructured,evidencebasedprogrammes,aswell</p><p> asmoreinformationopportunitiesforparents/carerstoengagewiththeschoolandeachother</p><p>familylearningsessionstoallowchildren tolearnwithparents/carersinformationsessionsforparent/carerssignpostingtonationalandlocallyavailable</p><p>sourcesofinformationadviceandsupport.</p><p>TheExtendedSchoolsServices8increasetheopportunitiesforjointactivitieswithchildrenandyoungpeopleandparents/carers.</p><p>5Ofsted(006)HealthySchools,HealthyChildren?6DCSF(004)EveryChildMatters:ChangeforChildren7Ofsted(007)Parents,CarersandSchools8DCSF(005)ExtendedSchools:BuildingonExperience</p></li><li><p>11</p><p>Marsden Community Primary School</p><p>MarsdenCommunityPrimaryschool,inLancashire,hasahighnumberofchildrenofPakistaniorigin.Itwasnoticedthatitwasmainlymothersratherthanfatherswhoparticipatedinmostoftheextendedservicesschoolactivities.</p><p>Inanefforttoencouragemorefatherstoparticipateinactivities,aFatherandKidsTogetherclub(FAKT)wassetup.Thisclubprovidedweeklyactivitiesforfathersandtheirchildrenincludinghealthycookandeattogethersessions,aswellasarangeofsportingactivities,suchascrowngreenbowling,basketballandindoorkwikcricket.</p><p>FAKTgotofftoaveryslowstart,withrelativelysmallnumbersattending.Postersandflyerswereproducedaswellasstafftalkingtoparents/carersabouttheprojectattheschoolgate.MotherswerealsotargetedtoencouragethefatherstosupportFAKT.Themoresuccessfultheirefforts,thegreatertheamountoffreetimeFAKTwouldbeabletogenerateforthemothers!</p><p>Therangeofstrategiesusedbytheschoolandtheiroverallpersistencepaidoff,asFAKTisnowconsideredahugesuccess.Asaresultofthetimefathersspendwiththeirchildren,theyhavereportedanecdotally,thattheyenjoyanenhancedrelationshipwiththeirchildren.Fathersarealsomorewillingtocomeintoschoolto</p><p>Case Study</p><p>supporttheirchildrenslearning.MarsdenCommunityPrimarySchoolishopingtoextendtherangeofclubsthatithasonoffertoencourageevengreaterparticipation.</p></li><li><p>1</p><p>What are some ofthe factors thatmight affect parent/carer participationin schools? </p><p>Manyparents/carersalreadyacknowledgeawillingnesstobeinvolvedintheirchildsschoolandlearning.Someparents/carersmayneedextrahelptosupporttheirchildren.Forexample,someparents/carersmay:</p><p>havehadadifficulttimewhentheywereatschoolthemselvesandmaylackconfidence</p><p>comefrombackgroundsandcultures whereinvolvementbyparentsineducation</p><p>ishighlydiscouragedhavedifficultiesinengagingwithschool</p><p>activitiesduetoworkinghoursand/orlocationofwork.</p><p>Someparents/carerswillfallintothehardtoreach/difficulttoengagecategoryandwillrequireanongoing,targetedapproach.Theseissuesareexploredinthenextsectionofthisguidance.</p></li><li><p>1</p><p>Working with hard to engage parents/carers</p><p>familieswhereoneorbothparents/carersareinvolvedinthecriminaljusticesystem</p><p>longtermsickparents/carersparents/carerswithlittleinterestintheirchild</p><p>andtheireducationfamilieswheredomesticviolenceisanissuefamilieswhereachildisdoingwellatschool</p><p>andconsequentlytheirparents/carerssusequentlydonotthinktheyneedtobeinvolvedintheireducation.</p><p>TheaboveisnotanexhaustivelistanditisimportanttorememberthatnotattendingtheschoolplayisverydifferenttoneverattendingwhenaskedbytheHeadteacherattimesofcrisis.Inmanycasesengagementcanbeachieved,butitmaytakeconsiderabletimeandeffort.Itmayalsobebestachievedbystaffmembers,suchaskeyworkers,whoareattachedtobutnotpartoftheschool.</p><p>Astrategywhichsomeschoolsuse,istoidentifyaparent/carerco-ordinatorrolewithintheirstaffingstructure.Thisrolecanensuretheco-ordinationofallaspectsoftheschoolsliaisonswithallparents/carers,includingthosewhoarehardtoengage.Therolecanprovideacoherentapproachtoidentifyinggoodpracticeandareasforschooldevelopment.</p><p>Manyschoolswillbeabletoidentifyparents/carersthatarereluctanttobeinvolvedintheirchildslearningorschoolcareer.Thesearetheso-calledhardtoengageparents/carers.Therearemanyreasonswhyparents/carersfallwithinthiscategoryandinordertoprovidesupport,itisimportanttoknowwhythisisthecase.Someofthereasonsmayinclude:</p><p>parents/carerswithchaoticlifestyles,includingthosewithmentalhealth/substancemisuseissues</p><p>parents/carerswithlowconfidenceand self-esteemduetotheirowndifficulties atschoollanguagebarriersculturalperceptions(insomecountries</p><p>educationissolelytheschoolsresponsibility)asylumseekingfamiliesfamilieslivinginout-of-boroughrefugesfamilieslivinginbedandbreakfast</p><p>accomodationsingleparents/carers,sometimesworking alongwayfromtheirchildsschoolfamilyworkpatterns,suchasdifficult</p><p>workinghoursfamilybreakdown</p></li><li><p>14</p><p>Theparent/carerco-ordinator(e.g.ahome-schoolliaisonworker)would,overtime,assessbarrierstoengagementandprovidethenecessaryassistance,suchasoutreachsupport.</p><p>Buildingagoodrelationshipwiththechild/youngpersonandtheirparents/carersisastepnearertoengagement.</p><p>Someofthemorevulnerablefamilies(e.g.thosewithsubstancemisuseissues)mayrequireadditionalsupport,includingco-ordinationandliaisonwithothervoluntaryandstatutoryservicestoaffectengagement.</p><p>Itisusefultorememberthatelicitingtheviewsofallparents/carers(includingthosereluctanttobeinvolved)isimportantifaschoolistotrulyrepresenttherangeofneedswithinitscommunity.ThisisevenmoresignificantwiththegrowthofExtendedSchoolsServices.Thewholeschoolapproach(seediagramp.)providesausefulcontextforseekingtheviewsofallparents/carers.Forexample,itisbeneficialwhenaschoolisreviewingitsSexandRelationshipEducationPolicy(SRE)orDrugEducationPolicy(includingincidentmanagement)toknowhowthesepoliciesareperceivedandtheissuesthattheymayraise,particularlywithinthehardtoengagecommunities.</p></li><li><p>15</p></li><li><p>16</p><p>Ways of engaging with groups of parents/carers Schoolscanengagewithgroupsofparents/carersinseveralwaysincluding:</p><p>TransitionprojectsThesecanbeagoodopportunitytoreinforcetheschoolsinclusiveandwelcomingethos.Theycandemonstratethebenefitsofparent/carersupportandtherangeofservicesthatcanbeaccessed,suchashowtheschoolsupportstheemotionalhealthandwellbeingoftheirchildrenandyoungpeople,bothonsiteandinthecommunity.</p><p>LearntogetheropportunitiesTheschoolcantakeontheroleoffacilitatingjointchildren,youngpeopleandparent/carersessionsontopicssuchashealthycookingclasses,physicalactivityclasses,ordiscussingtheschoolsapproachtoanti-bullyingorSRE.</p><p>ThemeddiscussionSmallgroup,themeddiscussions,basedonneedand/orarisingfromoutreachwork,suchasonSREorhealthyeating,canpreparechildrena...</p></li></ul>

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