Green Jobs Report 2010

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<ul><li><p>A project of:</p><p>The Wisconsin Sustainable Business CouncilThe Green Tier Porgram at the Wisconsin Department of Natural ResourcesThe Wisconsin School of Business</p><p>Thomas Eggert, Esq.Sarah Keller</p><p>October, 2010</p><p>Wisconsin Green Jobs Report 2010Employment, Investment, and Progress in Wisconsins Green Economy</p></li><li><p>CTable of Contents</p><p>General Introduction 4</p><p>What is a Green Job? 5</p><p>Green Jobs in Wisconsin 6</p><p>Wisconsins Green Job Potential 8</p><p>Green Job Wages 8</p><p>Education, Requirements &amp; Training 9</p><p>Expanding Green Job Opportunities 10</p><p>Key Sectors for Wisconsin to Focus On 11</p><p>Wind as a Special Example 13</p><p>Existing Federal &amp; State Policies &amp; Initiatives 13</p><p>Market Opportunities &amp; Hiring Outlook 15</p><p>Conclusion 15</p><p>Sources 16</p><p>Appendix A 18</p></li><li><p>3General Introduction</p><p>The green economy can be one of the engines that help the State (and more broadly, the country) recover from the cur-rent recession. The jobs that will arise from a green economy will expand the middle class, lift those that are unemployed !"#$%&amp;'(#)(*+,"-('./$0&amp;'$1(&amp;(23$34($(&amp;56#"&amp;*(&amp;37$$</p><p>The green jobs discussion rose to the national forefront in 2008 when concern about high energy costs and climate change were heightened by the economic crisis. Since then, 34($8"9%:$"&amp;$;#((&amp;$</p></li><li><p>4For many, the term green job simply refers to a category of blue-collar jobs in green businesses or even blue collar jobs with a green purpose (2009 Blue Green Alliance). However, these jobs really do represent an important new category of work force opportunities because they are high quality jobs (with some possessing relatively low barriers to entry), in sec-tors of the economy that are related to minimizing our impact on the environment. For those that do have low barriers to entry, people who have been out of the labor market for an extended period of time, or who were formally incarcerated, "#$D4"*$+"::(::$,6*63('$('%9036"&amp;$"#$:E6,,:/$*0-$2&amp;'$0$80*6,-$supporting occupation (2008 Apollo Alliance). </p><p>According to Wisconsin Governor Jim Doyle, Clean energy technology and high-end manufacturing are Wisconsins future anyone who says there arent jobs in the clean energy economy had better open their eyes. (2010 State of the State speech). Creating a green economy is perhaps one of the greatest challenges and opportunities the nation has faced in a generation. Creating jobs while reducing emis-sions, saving energy and preventing poverty in the time of a severe recession (and perhaps a double dip recession) is going to take political foresight and will. </p><p>Just about every plan to help revive the American economy has included talk about green jobs, helping to mainstream both the word and underlying concept. President Barack Obama helped popularize the use of the word by vowing to 9#(03($25($*6,,6"&amp;$F;#((&amp;$</p></li><li><p>5Green Jobs in Wisconsin</p><p>By 2007, 68,203 businesses in the United States had gener-ated more than 770,000 jobs in the green economy (Pew Charitable Trust, 2009). Every state has a piece of Americas green economy. The leading states include Oregon, Maine, California, Colorado, Massachusetts and Minnesota. Wiscon-sin is not currently among the leading states:</p><p>SOURCE: PEW Charitable Trusts, 2009, based on the National Establish-ment Time Series 2007 Database analysis by Pew Center on the States and Collaborative Economics</p><p>Green job growth in Wisconsin through the 2001 recession (where WI lost 100,000 manufacturing jobs that were never recovered) was anemic. Wisconsin has lost an additional 70,000 manufacturing jobs (through July, 2010) because of the recession of 2008 (Center on Wisconsin Strategy, 2010). P46,($P6:9"&amp;:6&amp;$#0&amp;E:$(634(#$2#:3$"#$:(9"&amp;'$6&amp;$34($&amp;036"&amp;$6&amp;$manufacturing jobs per capita, there is still a great deal of idle capacity in Wisconsin.</p><p>In 2007, jobs associated with the green economy accounted for 0.49 percent of all jobs nationally. WI was slightly below the national average with 3,150,000 total jobs and 0.48 percent of them being green.</p><p>A closer look at the data reveals that Wisconsin ranks as a 3"+$3(&amp;$:303($6&amp;$(&amp;(#;-$(8296(&amp;9-$</p></li><li><p>6According to the State of Washingtons Green Jobs 2010 report, the following occupations are green-related and employ substantial numbers of people in jobs that should be considered green. The following table contains those occupations that are green related along with the current number of employees in those occupations in Wisconsin, and the percent of each of those occupations which was found to be doing a green job by the State of Washington. We then multiply the number of jobs in WI by the percent of people in those jobs that are doing green jobs (from the State of Wash-ingtons survey work) to get the number of green jobs in each occupation in WI as of May, 2009.</p><p>Green Related Occupations </p><p>SOURCE: 2009 Washington State Green Economy Jobs Report, March 2010 supple-mented with May 2009 Wisconsin Occupational Employment Statistics (available from Robert Pope, robert.pope@wi.gov, Department of Workforce Development).</p></li><li><p>7Wisconsins Green Job Potential</p><p>According to a study done by the Renewable Energy Policy Project (REPP), tens of thousands of new green jobs would be created in Wisconsin to meet a 25 by 25 (25% of energy would be produced from renewable energy by 2025) Renew-able Portfolio Standard (RPS). (This standard was included in the Governors Clean Energy Jobs Bill which was not passed in early 2010.) Wisconsin ranks 8th in the nation in terms of potential renewable energy manufacturing jobs, with 35,133 jobs projected. Of those 35,133 jobs, it is estimated that 25,179 would be in the wind sector. Since the estimates 0::%*($"&amp;,-$3403$(G6:36&amp;;$2#*:$D6,,$1($%:('$3"$*((3$&amp;(D$'(-mand, and doesnt account for new entrants, there could be even more jobs created than suggested by the study.</p><p>Potential Job Creation Across All Renewable Sectors accord-ing to REPP </p><p>This Renewable Energy Policy Project report shows how #(&amp;(D01,($(&amp;(#;-$'(5(,"+*(&amp;3$D"%,'$&amp;"3$"&amp;,-$1(&amp;(23$34($(&amp;56#"&amp;*(&amp;3/$1%3$D"%,'$0,:"$:6;&amp;6290&amp;3,-$1(&amp;(23$34($:303(R:$economy. Nationally, the Renewable Energy Policy Project recommends $72 billion of manufacturing investment, which would result in more than 381,000 new jobs. Wisconsin is +0#369%,0#,-$D(,,$+":636"&amp;('$3"$1(&amp;(23$8#"*$:%94$0&amp;$6&amp;5(:3-ment. </p><p>The New North, the regional economic development group representing 18 counties in north-eastern Wisconsin, has developed Wisconsin Wind Works, a consortium of manu-facturers representing the wind manufacturing supply chain D6346&amp;$P6:9"&amp;:6&amp;7$$STJ$9"*+0&amp;6(:$405($6'(&amp;362('$34(*:(,5(:$as associated with the wind industry, and, according to the database, more than 7000 jobs may end up being associ-ated with the wind energy industry. </p><p>The Clean Energy Economy report by the Pew Charitable Trusts (cited above) and the Renewable Energy Policy Project report (also cited above) were some of the outstanding ef-forts to understand the green jobs area. However, because "8$'688(#(&amp;9(:$6&amp;$'(2&amp;636"&amp;$0&amp;'$0++#"094/$63$6:$&amp;"3$+"::61,($to compare numbers across various reports. In 2010, the federal government began a project to standardize and measure green jobs. The 2010 Consolidated Appropriations Act included funding to be used by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics to work with the Labor Department and Environ-mental Protection Agency to identify green economic activity and produce data on green jobs. The project will be carried </p><p>Green Job Wages</p><p>At a minimum, for green jobs to matter, they need to pay well. In 2009, according to the Oregon Employment Depart-ment, green jobs were slightly more likely to fall into the high wage category than non-green jobs. A survey was also conducted, which determined that the median salary and compensation package for a range of green jobs was slightly above the median (2009 Clean Edge).</p><p>In Oregon, the average wage for green jobs in 2008 was $22.61 per hour (2009 The Oregon Employment Depart-ment). On average in 2008, green jobs tended toward slightly higher wages than jobs across the entire economy, but there is great variability across the many job categories. </p><p>For comparison, the median hourly wage in Wisconsin as of September 2009, was $15.48. This is now below the &amp;036"&amp;0,$,(5(,$"8$UVW7KX7$M(,"D$0#($:3036:369:$8"#$25($P6:9"&amp;-sin employment sectors, including the occupations, average number employed, and average wage associated with each.</p><p>Personal Anecdote: Double in Salary, Q(#:"&amp;0,$Y%,2,,*(&amp;3/$Z$Job StabilityWhen Bonita Bell switched from her convenience store job to work for a company that manufac-tures transformers for wind turbines, her life was changed. Not only was her annual salary doubled to $34,000, but she consid-ered her job as something shed like to do for the rest of her life. Bell was glad to be a part of the green economy. She realizes how great it is to have a job that improves the environ-ment and helps us get off foreign oil. She also realizes the importance of keeping jobs here in the U.S., where the products are of better quality be-cause workers care about the quality of the products. (2009 Blue Green Alliance)</p><p>out with $8 million in stimulus funds and will take at least a -(0#$1(8"#($34($2#:3$'030$D6,,$1($0506,01,(7$P4(&amp;$0506,01,($6&amp;$IJVI/$34($2#:3$'030$D6,,$6&amp;9,%'($(*+,"-*(&amp;3$0&amp;'$D0;(:$1-$6&amp;-dustry and occupation for businesses producing green goods and services and information on the geographic distribution of the jobs. </p><p>SOURCE: How to Revitalize Americas Middle Class with the Green Economy, 2009, Blue Green Alliance.</p></li><li><p>8Education, Training &amp; Experience</p><p>Fortunately Wisconsin is positioned quite well for the green </p></li><li><p>9WISCONSIN REGIONAL TRAINING PARTNERSHIP &amp; BUILDING INDUS-TRY GROUP SKILLED TRADES EMPLOYMENT PROGRAM The Wisconsin Regional Training Partnership (WRTP) and the Building Industry Group Skilled Trades Employment Program (BIG STEP) are leaders in green jobs training, particularly weatherization, residential construction, lead abatement/haz-ardous materials removal, and general manufacturing. The WRTP was created to work with member businesses and labor unions in order to identify industry needs, and it coordinates with training providers to develop a proper curriculum for work-ers. This program was originally founded in the 1990s to solve the skills shortage being experienced by Wisconsins manufacturing sector. WRTP succeeds by work-ing with businesses, insuring a steady supply of workers (Maguire et al. 2009). This program now provides green jobs training, and also offers services such as academic assessments and individualized tutoring for apprenticeship exams +#()(*+,"-*(&amp;3$:E6,,:$3#06&amp;6&amp;;$0&amp;'$9(#3629036"&amp;f$0&amp;'$9"&amp;&amp;(936"&amp;:$3"$9"**%&amp;63-$organizations that can assist with daycare, transportation, GED preparation, job readiness and other services (Center on Wisconsin Strategy 2010). </p><p>These two programs are facing challenges getting the newly trained workers into the workforce due to the recent economic downturn. However, through the WRTPs tracking and evaluation system, they have found that well trained, highly skilled D"#E(#:$0#($*"#($,6E(,-$3"$,0&amp;'$0$</p></li><li><p>10</p><p>Why Wisconsin was the right place for Tower Tech to locate:Tower Tech is an example of how good public policy can encourage investment in new industries. In Manitowoc, Tower Tech converted an existing factory that once built military submarines into a wind turbine tower factory. Now the factory is taking steel sheets and creating towers that are hundreds of feet tall. This is an excellent example of the potential the region harbors in terms of ability to reorient its industrial capacities to make products for the new energy economy (2008 Center on Wisconsin Strategy).</p><p>P6:9"&amp;:6&amp;$6:$9%##(&amp;3,-$2&amp;'6&amp;;$D0-:$3"$,(5(#0;($,"90,$(&amp;56#"&amp;-mental, economic development, and workforce development programs to grow the green-collar jobs of Wisconsins future.</p><p>L4($E(-$3"$(G+0&amp;'6&amp;;$;#((&amp;$</p></li><li><p>11</p><p>RENEWABLE ENERGY: Renewable energy includes the subcategories of wind, solar, and biomass. Given the recent explosion of interest in wind energy, and the resulting increase in jobs in this sector (see below for additional information on the Wind Sector), soci-etys interest in renewable energy is predicted to deliver the largest number of green jobs (2008 Green jobs Task Force). P6&amp;'$0&amp;'$16"*0::$9%##(&amp;3,-$+#"56'($0&amp;$"++"#3%&amp;63-$8"#$:6;&amp;62-cant job growth in Wisconsin, and experts predict that we are at the beginning of a solar wave, similar to the wind wave that has created thousands of new jobs in the wind sector, even during the recession. </p><p>Renewable energy technologies can provide, on average, four to six times as many jobs as equivalent investments in fossil fuels when manufacturing, installation, operations and maintenance jobs are all accounted for (2009 Blue Green Alliance). The current U.S. demand for renewable energy technologies exceeds domestic manufacturing capacity, and we are dependant on European and Chinese companies to meet this demand.</p><p>There is growing evidence that the biofuels industry has taken root in Wisconsin and is growing rapidly (2008 Center on Wisconsin Strategy). Potentially 350,000 jobs, primar-ily in ethanol and biodiesel production, could be created in Wisconsin if ethanol can be derived from cellulosic feed-stocks. Currently there are enough corn stalks, wood chips, and switch grass in Wisconsin to replace 40 percent of our gasoline and half our coal use, while putting $14 billion back into the state economy (2009 Center on Wisconsin Strategy News). </p><p>In recognition of Wisconsins leadership in the biofuels area, the Department of Energy provided $125 million to the University of Wisconsin to establish the Great Lakes Bioen-ergy Research Center. The money is to be used by scientists and engineers to conduct basic research toward a suite of new technologies to help convert cellulosic plant biomass cornstalks, wood chips and perennial native grasses to sources of energy for everything from cars to electrical power plants. Since receiving that grant, several projects are under development that use biomass as the raw material or energy source. Domtar and WE Energies have proposed a 50 mega-watt wood waste powered plant for Rothschild. In addition, Flambeau River Papers of Park Falls is developing plans for a 16")#(2&amp;(#-$3"$*0E($16"'6(:(,$0&amp;'$D0G$8#"*$D""'$D0:3(7$$Y6-nally, the Charter Street plant on the University of Wisconsin Madison campus is being converted to burn biomass . </p><p>In 2009, Wisconsin spent $23.5 billion on energy, with nearly all of that money leaving the state to purchase fossil fuels (2009 WI Sustainable Business Council). According to Satya Rhodes-Conway, a senior associate with the Center on Wis-consin Strategy (COWS), renewable energy generates more jobs per megawatt of power installed, per unit of energy pro-duced and per dollar of investment than fossil fuel energy (2009 Center on Wisconsin Strategy News). To foster growth in this sector, Minnesota provided tax credits for installation of renewable energy systems, created additional specialized training programs to supp...</p></li></ul>