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Greece and Rome. Ch 4. I. General Information. Greece and Rome greatly influenced the western world US Constitution Architecture Rome helped spread Christianity (indirectly) Rome was greatly influenced by Greek history. I. General Information. Rome Vs. Greece Rome Mighty Empire - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Greece and Rome

Ch 4Greece and RomeI. General InformationGreece and Rome greatly influenced the western worldUS ConstitutionArchitectureRome helped spread Christianity (indirectly)Rome was greatly influenced by Greek history

I. General InformationRome Vs. GreeceRomeMighty EmpireMastery of EngineeringGreeceCity-statesScientific Thought (philosophy)SimilaritiesPolitical Ideas (Democracy and Republic)ReligionArtistic StylesEconomy (agricultural with heavy trade)II. GreeceEarliest society was on Crete (Myceneans)The civilization involved in the Trojan WarLater invaded the Peloponnesus (Greece)Led to the Greek Dark Ages (1150-800 BC)Became known as the Greeks or the Hellenes

II. GreeceArchaic Period (800-500BC)The city-states soon developedWarred against each other unless invadedXerxes and the Persians (492-490 & 480-479 BC)Main cities were Athens and SpartaAthens- democratic (508 BC) and philosophicSparta- oligarchy and militaristicPericles- peak of Athens democracyInfluenced the government through negotiationsAll men were expected to participateII. GreecePeloponnesian War (431-404 BC)Sparta and its allies defeated Athens and its alliesGreatly weakened the city-states Allowed Phillip II of Macedon to take overAlexander the GreatSon of Phillip IIExpanded the Macedonian empire into AsiaSpread Greek cultureFounded Alexandria in EgyptII. Greece

II. GreeceCultureSocratesQuestion everything to improve itPlatoStudent of SocratesHuman reasoning can help understand the worldAristotleStudent of PlatoStressed moderationSophoclesDramatistOedipus Rex and AntigoneHomerHistorianIliad and Odyssey II. GreeceContributionsDemocracySocratic MethodPhilosophyOlympicsPythagorean TheoremAnatomyArchitecture

III. RomeBegan as a Roman monarch around 800 BCEtruscansMonarchy overthrown by Roman Aristocrats 509 BCBecame the Roman Republic

III. RomeRomans were paranoid about invasionExpanded their territoryPunic Wars (264- 146 BC)Result of Roman expansion3 wars with Carthage1st Punic War was over Sicily2nd Punic War- Hannibal invades through the Alps3rd Punic War- Rome attack Carthage and ends the warIII. RomeEnd of the RepublicExecutive branch was made up of 2 CounselsJulius Caesar was invading Gaul and Pompey had a disagreementCrosses the Rubicon 45 BC and overthrew Pompey to become dictator. "alea iacta est" the die is cast.Julius Caesar assassinated by Senate on March 15 44 BCAfter Civil War Octavian Caesar Augustus takes over as emperor (27 BC)Led to Pax Romana (27 BC- 180 AD) Pax Romana ends with death of Marcus Aurelius who expanded to BritainIII. Rome ChristianityOriginated with Jesus Christ of NazarethWas able to spread throughout the known world due to Roman RoadsApostle Paul traveled heavily on these roadsHeavily persecuted by emperors due to refusal to give 1st allegiance to empireNero, Diocletian and Marcus AureliusConstantine converted which ended the persecution(313 AD)Moved capital to Constantinople and divided into 2 halfs

III. RomeFall of RomeInvaded by the Barbarians Goths and HunsIncompetent emperors Eventually fell in 476 ADByzantine Empire lasted until 1453 with its capital in Constantinople

Side Note- Gladiator games offered free bread 3x a day as well as entertainment (heavy welfare dependence help lead to the fall?)III. Rome

VisigothsIII. Rome

Heavy Metal German GothIII. RomeLawsTwelve Tables (450 BC)Helped protect the rights of citizensRegulated commerceReligious toleranceAllowed all religions as long as they gave allegiance to Rome 1stLocal RuleAllowed conquered regions to rule themselves but submit to Roman lawCitizenshipNaturalized citizens

III. RomeContributionsArchesRepublicSenateChristianityCement