greater cambridge mass transit options assessment .4 developing a mass transit concept for greater

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  • Greater Cambridge Mass Transit Options Assessment Report

    Greater Cambridge Partnership

    and Cambridgeshire and

    Peterborough Combined

    Authority

    Final Report

    January 2018

    Our ref: 23201001

  • Greater Cambridge Mass Transit Options Assessment Report

    Greater Cambridge Partnership

    and Cambridgeshire and

    Peterborough Combined

    Authority

    Final Report

    January 2018

    Our ref: 23201001

    Prepared by:

    Prepared for:

    Steer Davies Gleave 28-32 Upper Ground London SE1 9PD

    Greater Cambridge Partnership and Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Combined Authority

    +44 20 7910 5000 www.steerdaviesgleave.com

  • Contents

    Executive Summary ....................................................................................................................... i

    Study Context ................................................................................................................................ i

    Study Purpose and Approach ........................................................................................................ii

    Developing a Mass Transit Concept for Greater Cambridge ...................................................... iii

    Shortlisted Options ........................................................................................................................ v

    Strategic Options Assessment .................................................................................................... viii

    Recommendations and Conclusions ............................................................................................ xii

    1 Introduction ....................................................................................................................... 1

    Strategic Context .......................................................................................................................... 1

    The Role of Mass Transit .............................................................................................................. 1

    Purpose of this Study .................................................................................................................... 2

    Report Structure ........................................................................................................................... 3

    2 Strategic Context ................................................................................................................ 4

    The Greater Cambridge Economy ................................................................................................ 4

    Vision for Growth.......................................................................................................................... 6

    Challenges to Growth ................................................................................................................. 11

    Planned & Proposed Future Transport Investment Priorities .................................................... 14

    Consideration of Mass Transit .................................................................................................... 15

    How Mass Transit Could Support the Wider Economy & Housing Delivery ............................... 16

    3 Key Destinations, Opportunity Areas and Constraints ........................................................ 19

    Key Destinations Cambridge City / Urban Area ....................................................................... 19

    Key Corridors .............................................................................................................................. 23

    Travel Demand ............................................................................................................................ 25

    Transport Constraints ................................................................................................................. 27

    4 Developing a Mass Transit Concept for Greater Cambridge ................................................ 30

    Developing a Network Concept .................................................................................................. 30

    Guiding Principles ....................................................................................................................... 31

    Mass Transit Network Concept .................................................................................................. 32

    Mass Transit within an Integrated Network ............................................................................... 34

  • 5 Planning Capacity for Mass Transit .................................................................................... 35

    Developing Demand Scenarios ................................................................................................... 35

    Corridor Assessment of Potential Demand ................................................................................ 39

    Planning Capacity Requirement for Mass Transit ...................................................................... 41

    6 Mass Transit Options ........................................................................................................ 42

    Long list of potential technologies ........................................................................................... 42

    Developing a Short List ............................................................................................................. 50

    7 Description of Shortlisted Options .................................................................................... 52

    Light Rapid Transit ...................................................................................................................... 53

    Affordable Very Rapid Transit .................................................................................................... 56

    Cambridgeshire Autonomous Metro (CAM)............................................................................... 59

    Summary ..................................................................................................................................... 64

    8 Strategic Options Assessment ........................................................................................... 65

    Introduction ................................................................................................................................ 65

    Option Costs ............................................................................................................................... 68

    Transport Outputs & Benefits..................................................................................................... 69

    Demand Potential ....................................................................................................................... 72

    Value for Money ......................................................................................................................... 73

    Deliverability ............................................................................................................................... 80

    Overall Assessment Summary .................................................................................................... 83

    9 Recommendations............................................................................................................ 84

    Development of the Cambridgeshire Autonomous Metro (CAM) Proposition .......................... 84

    CAM - Integration with other Proposals ..................................................................................... 88

    CAM Operations ......................................................................................................................... 88

    Funding of CAM .......................................................................................................................... 89

    Outline Implementation Plan ..................................................................................................... 92

    10 Conclusions and Next Steps .............................................................................................. 94

    Conclusions ................................................................................................................................. 94

    Next Steps ................................................................................................................................... 94

  • Figures

    Figure 1: Proposed Mass Transit Network Schematic .................................................................. iv

    Figure 2: Illustration of Potential AVRT Vehicle........................................................................... vii

    Figure 3: Illustration of CAM Vehicle ........................................................................................... vii

    Figure 4: Illustrative CAM Network .............................................................................................. ix

    Figure 5: Indicative Timescale for Delivery ................................................................................. xiii

    Figure 2.1: Future AstraZeneca HQ and global R&D centre ......................................................... 5

    Figure 2.2: Local Structures within Greater Cambridge ............................................................... 7

    Figure 2.3: Greater Cambridge City Deal areas for proposed housing and employment growth

    ...............................

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