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Grant Proposal Writing. Dr. H Anwar Ahmad COMPONENT OF GRANT APPLICATION. Descriptive title Abstract/ Summary Background/ Significance Narrative Description Completion schedule Budget Applicant credentials Previous experience or preliminary description. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • Grant Proposal Writing Dr. H Anwar

  • COMPONENT OF GRANT APPLICATION Descriptive titleAbstract/ SummaryBackground/ SignificanceNarrative DescriptionCompletion schedule BudgetApplicant credentialsPrevious experience or preliminary description


    IdeaCommitmentProposal- Writing Skills

  • STEPS TO DEVELOP COMPELLING, NOVEL IDEAIdentify the niche area (READ)Collect and critically analyze background information related to the problemDevelop a preliminary ideaAssess the ideas potential for successSeek constructive criticism from knowledgeable colleaguesRefine the idea to maximize its potential for impact on your field


    Assess yourselfAssess the competitionAssess funding potential

  • Agencies

    Pak. US S&TPARC/ USDAHECUK and Australia Aid NSFUSAID

  • FIND THE AGENCY THAT FITS YOUR IDEAFunding your proposal should help the agency achieve its goalsKnow what an agency wants to fundContact the program officerMake arrangements through emails and calls Read in between lines


    The Grant MechanismEach section of the proposalComponents within each section


    Lack of good, original ideaLack of sufficient commitmentPoor packaging and presentation of idea

  • GRANTSMANSHIP SKILLS ESSENTIAL TO SUCCESSMaximally convey your enthusiasm Write with maximal clarity & compelling logicAnticipate problems and provide alternative approachesTell you reviewers what to expect for their investmentMake your application reviewer friendlyAvoid avoidable mistakes

  • GOOD PROPOSAL WRITINGYOU HAVE TO SELL YOUR IDEAA SUCCESSFUL SALESPERSON Make a good first impressionIs well preparedIs credible Delivers a clear messageProvides supporting documentationHas appropriate endorsementHas something special to offerIs persistent


    Overview section

    The second most important section in the grant application

  • STRONG OVERVIEW SECTION Introductory ParagraphOpening sentenceCurrent KnowledgeUnknown or needUnknown/need as a problem What, why, who paragraphLong term goalOverall objectivesCentral hypothesis and how formulated RationaleWell preparedSpecific ParagraphSpecific Aims

    Payoff ParagraphCreative and originalExpected outcomePositive impact generality

  • SPECIFIC AIMSIntroductory Paragraph: Open with real attention getter- clearly relate to agencys mission.Dont give vague or generic statementsJump to subject matter right awaySummarize current knowledge in the fieldDelineate the scientific gap in the knowledgebase


    Conclude with why continued existent of the gap /need constitutes an important problem Problem: the next vertical step in the field is being blocked by existence of the gap/ need


    Not the goal of the current application

    Be realistic

  • OVERALL OBJECTIVEMust be a appreciated as a step towards attainment of the long term goalDefine the purpose of the proposed researchMust be phrased in a way that the central hypothesis logically grows from it


    Real hypothesis

    Directional, that gives focus to the proposed research

  • CREATION OF A FOCUSING PROGRESSIONLong-Term Goal: BroadestOverall Objective: NarrowerCentral Hypothesis: Narrowest

  • CENTRAL HYPOTHESISDont write inadvertently your hypothesis to express bias, i.e., a predetermined conclusion

  • RATIONALEBASISWhat will become possibleMust be directly linked back to the problem

  • SPECIFIC AIMSTwo-to-four at the mostBrief, focused and limited in scopeEach must be an eye-catching headlineConceptual, NOT descriptiveMust collectively test all parts of the hypothesis

  • SPECIFIC AIMSEach must flow logically into the nextNone should be absolutely dependent on an expected outcome of earlier aim

  • SPECIFIC AIMSPurpose of the specific aims: to test the parts of the central hypothesis. The central Hypothesis must be tightly linked to the specific aims.

  • SPECIFIC AIMSObjectively identify psychologically manipulative adsObjectively identify informative advertising

  • EXCEPTION TO THE RULEWhen a project is in its early stage of development, or when the focus is on qualitative assessments, it is quite possible that the goals/objectives may be of the descriptiveIt is okay to have completion of a subsequent goal or objective being dependent upon prior completion of an earlier goal/objective, provided that you can assure the reviewer that there is no doubt that the earlier goal/objective can be achieved.

  • PAYOFF PARAGRAPHKey section in developing advocacy among those who have not seen your proposal before its review at the review panel meeting Begin the paragraph with expected outcomeConclude with a deliberately general statement regarding positive impact


    Narrative Description

  • NARRATIVEEach Specific Aim is a subsection:IntroductionJustification & FeasibilityReview of relevant literaturePreliminary studiesResearch DesignExpected outcomePotential problems

  • NARRATIVEResearch DesignUse separate paragraphs/sections to develop each set of studiesAvoid inclusions of mindless detailSuccinctly provide only meaningful detailRefer to, dont detail, anything described in your teams' peer-reviewed publication

  • NARRATIVEExpected outcomeA key, and often overlooked, subsectionSuccinctly and realistically summarize most important results are expected to beIntegrate outcomes and show that they collectively attain the aims objectiveThink of this as the return reviewers can expect

  • NARRATIVEPotential Problems & Alternative ApproachesThere is no such thing as problem free researchPositively acknowledge potential problemsInclude only things that could, but probably wont, go wrongMost important problem is potential invalidity of the aims working hypothesisOffer alternative approaches to problem---butDont overemphasize them

  • LITERATURE REVIEWWrite this subsection after research design part of the aim has been writtenProvide an up-to-date, critical review that frames the gaps/ problems, not just who did what whenLogically build toward what you expect this aim will contributeInclude italicized sentences that tell reviewers why what you have just reviewed helps justify the need for what will be proposedCite by author, year- not with numerals

  • PRELIMINARY DATA Data presented should be highly selected to support feasibilityData presented should be as simple as possible, but not dumbed downDesign each figure or table to convey a single point or ideaAvoid inclusion of extraneous or irrelevant dataVary the style of presentation to make the data maximally appealing

  • PRELIMINARY DATA: EDITORIAL Place supporting figures/tables as close to where they are referred to in the text as possibleInclude italicized sentences that tell reviewers how data presented support feasibilityBe certain that print in photo-reduced figures/ tables is legiblePut methodology into figure legends/ footnotes to table, not in the text.

  • PRELIMINARY DATA: EDITORIAL Be certain to distinguish between reporting of data versus reporting of resultsUse the past tenseLead your readers through the dataFlow the logic should be concept>question>strategy/approach>data> (interpretation)

  • NARRATIVE- INTRODUCTORY PARAGRAPH What goes into this brief paragraph becomes obvious after the rest of the aim is writtenIntroduce the aim with a brief paragraph that summarize its objectives


    Justification of Need(Literature; Significance & Innovation; Creativity, Originality & Transformative Potential; Relation to Other Work In Progress)

  • JUSTIFICATION OF NEEDSignificance: substantiate that there is a gap/ need, that its an important problem, and what you contribution is expected to beItalicized statement of significanceList of benefits that could credibly be expected to accrue to application of the new knowledge

  • JUSTIFICATION OF NEEDInnovation:Cite literature that diplomatically frames the status quoItalicized statement of innovation Conclude with new relevant horizon

  • JUSTIFICATION OF NEEDCreativity, Originality & Transformative PotentialShould be addressed in the last, payoff paragraph of the overview and objectives sectionMake sure your claim is credibleBe especially careful with your claim of transformative potential- dont overreach

  • JUSTIFICATION OF NEEDRelation to Other Work In Progress:

    By the PI: complementary; no conflictBy others: not duplicative; stress novelty and catalytic impact

  • BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH Identify credible co-PIs, collaborators and consultants No clones of your own expertiseExclude former mentors from intellectual rolesNo senior investigators as window dressingNeed not limit search to your own institutionIf no effort is included on the application, a letter of commitments must accompany the proposal

  • BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH Thoroughly document credential of all key personnelEmphasize aspects of training and experience that are most relevant to the applicationEarly stage/ beginning Investigators: emphasize extent and quality of training; experience to dateDont pad the Biographical SketchAll biographical sketch in the application should look a like

  • BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH Personal StatementEducation/ trainingPersonal statement; TLDCPosition and HonorsSelected


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