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  • Civil Protection and Disaster Management

    to Man-made and Natural Disasters in the ENPI East Region (PPRD East)

    Good practices in disaster prevention

    EU funded Programme

    Printed by EU-funded Programme for the Prevention, Preparedness and Response

  • Good practices in disaster prevention Final Report Rotterdam, 29 January 2013

    Koen Rademaekers (Ecorys Triple E Consulting) Lisa Eichler (Ecorys Triple E Consulting) Oscar Widerberg (Ecorys Triple E Consulting) Sergej Anagnosti (Ecorys associate) Dr. Roger Few (UEA) Dr. Nicola Rebora (CIMA) Dr. Roberto Rudari (CIMA) Dr. Rodolfo Console (CGIAM)

    This publication has been produced with the assistance of the European Union.

    The content of this publication is the sole responsibility of the PPRD East Team and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union.

  • 2 AE22901 2 AE22901

    About Ecorys

    At Ecorys we aim to deliver real benefit to society through the work we do. We offer research, consultancy and project management, specialising in economic, social and spatial development. Focusing on complex market, policy and management issues we provide our clients in the public, private and not-for-profit sectors worldwide with a unique perspective and high-value solutions. Ecorys remarkable history spans more than 80 years. Our expertise covers economy and competitiveness; regions, cities and real estate; energy and water; transport and mobility; social policy, education, health and governance. We value our independence, integrity and partnerships. Our staff are dedicated experts from academia and consultancy, who share best practices both within our company and with our partners internationally. Ecorys Netherlands has an active CSR policy and is ISO14001 certified (the international standard for environmental management systems). Our sustainability goals translate into our company policy and practical measures for people, planet and profit, such as using a 100% green electricity tariff, purchasing carbon offsets for all our flights, incentivising staff to use public transport and printing on FSC or PEFC certified paper. Our actions have reduced our carbon footprint by an estimated 80% since 2007. ECORYS Nederland BV Watermanweg 44 3067 GG Rotterdam P.O. Box 4175 3006 AD Rotterdam The Netherlands T +31 (0)10 453 88 00 F +31 (0)10 453 07 68 E netherlands@ecorys.com Registration no. 24316726 W www.ecorys.nl

  • Table of contents

    Good practices in disaster prevention 3Good practices in disaster prevention 3

    Table of Figures 7

    Abbreviations 9

    Executive Summary 13

    1 Why a study on good practices for disaster prevention 21 1.1 Purpose and structure of the study 22

    2 Approach 23 2.1 Working definitions of key terms 23 2.2 Information collection & expert input 24

    2.2.1 Desk research 24 2.2.2 Telephone interviews 24 2.2.3 Workshops 26 2.2.4 Post-workshop follow-up 26

    2.3 Step 1 An inventory of good practices 27 2.4 Step 2 What constitutes a good practice? 28 2.5 Step 3 Translating good practices into minimum standards for disaster prevention 30 2.6 Caveats in the approach 30

    3 Non-exhaustive inventory of good practice per hazard type 33 3.1 An introduction to major hazard types facing Europe 33

    3.1.1 Horizontal measures cutting across hazards 33 3.1.2 Floods and storms 34 3.1.3 Earthquakes and tsunamis 35 3.1.4 Heatwaves, droughts and forest fires 36 3.1.5 Industrial hazards 40

    3.2 Brief overview of the collected initial inventory of practices per hazard type 42 3.2.1 Horizontal measures cutting across hazard types 42 3.2.2 Floods and storms 43 3.2.3 Earthquakes and tsunamis 43 3.2.4 Heatwaves, droughts and forest fires 44 3.2.5 Industrial hazards 45

    3.3 Selection of good practices 46

    4 Analysis of the good practices 51 4.1 Governance 51

    4.1.1 Integrated multi-level governance 51 4.1.2 Cross-border co-ordination and co-operation 55 4.1.3 Integration across EU sectoral and hazard-specific legislation 56 Harmonisation of DRM related policies across EU MS 56 Mainstreaming DRM and climate adaptation 57

    4.2 Planning 59 4.2.1 Risk assessment as a starting point in planning for policy 60 4.2.2 Risk management planning for prevention 64

  • 4 Good practices in disaster prevention

    4 Good practices in disaster prevention

    4.2.3 Specific sectoral and single-hazard assessment methods and technologies 65 4.2.4 Risk prevention proofing of new investments and integration of DRM into post-disaster recovery actions 71 4.2.5 Financing mechanisms, including risk transfer and private sector involvement 74

    4.3 Risk communication: awareness raising, education and capacity building 77 4.3.1 Availability of information and public awareness raising 78 4.3.2 Capacity building for professionals and educators 83

    4.4 Disaster loss data collection 85 4.4.1 The importance of scales for establishing meaningful disaster loss databases 87 4.4.2 Inconsistencies in data reporting and lack of standardisation 90 4.4.3 Types of information (disaster loss database content) required for effective disaster risk management 91 4.4.4 The use of information and communications technologies (ICT) for managing and communicating disaster loss data 92 4.4.5 Data analysis, translation into information and its use for policy-making 93 4.4.6 Common findings from the GPs 93

    4.5 Putting research into practice 93 4.5.1 How to put research into practice 94

    5 Moving towards guidelines for minimum standards in Disaster Risk Management 97 5.1 Guideline: Ensure an integrated governance approach to disaster prevention 97

    5.1.1 Promote integrated multi-level governance 97 5.1.2 Ensure implementation and improvement of existing legislation by developing mechanisms for monitoring, evaluation and feed-back 102 5.1.3 Improve cross-border co-ordination and co-operation 103 5.1.4 Mainstream DRM across EU sectoral and hazard-specific legislation 104

    5.2 Guideline: Integrate multi-hazard risk assessment into planning for DRM at local, regional and national levels 106

    5.2.1 Apply risk assessment as a basis for guiding planning processes 107 5.2.2 Foster risk management planning for prevention 110 5.2.3 Encourage the use of appropriate specific sectoral and single-hazard assessment methods and technologies, such as hazard mapping, micro-zoning, risk modelling, construction codes and early warning systems, to aid the risk assessment and planning procedures 110 5.2.4 Ensure risk prevention proofing of new investments 113 5.2.5 Foster integration of DRM into post-disaster recovery actions 115 5.2.6 Develop innovative financing mechanisms 115

    5.3 Guideline: Risk communication Promoting an integrated approach to awareness raising, education, and capacity building for authorities and communities 117

    5.3.1 Tailor awareness raising and information campaigns to different audiences 118 5.3.2 Encourage participatory approaches and volunteering in awareness raising and education 120 5.3.3 Ensure that authorities and media have the required knowledge and capacity to implement DRM policies 122

    5.4 Guideline: Develop multi-hazard, multi-scale (context-specific) disaster loss databases for informing DRM processes in Europe 123

  • Good practices in disaster prevention 5Good practices in disaster prevention 5

    5.4.1 Foster an enabling environment for the effective implementation and functioning of disaster loss databases 124 5.4.2 Develop multi-hazard, multi-scale disaster loss databases that are context-specific for informing DRM in Europe 126 5.4.3 Work towards harmonising terminologies, input variables and methodologies for data collection, validation and analysis 127 5.4.4 Utilise ICT for facilitating international exchange and dissemination of the disaster loss data and information 131

    5.5 Guideline: Secure greater uptake of science in policy-making, planning and implementation of DRM 132

    5.5.1 Ensure the use of science in planning by integrating risk assessment tools and EWS 132 5.5.2 Promote bottom-up approaches in putting research into practice 134 5.5.3 Engage scientists in interdisciplinary research and dialogue 134

    Annex A Inventories of Good Practices 137

    Annex B Interview Summary Report 139

    Annex C Workshop Report 141

    Annex D Overview PowerPoint Presentations 143

  • 7Good practices in disaster prevention

    Table of Figures

    Table 1: Overview of experts interviewed for good practice collection ............................................ 25 Table 2: Guiding questions for workshop discussions ..................................................................... 26 Table 3: Overview of final inventory, total number of practices and expert interviews..................... 28 Table 4: Long-list of criteria for good practice selection .................................................................. 29 Table 5: Overview of highlighted good practices and corresponding selection criteria ................... 46

  • 9Good practices in disaster prevention

    Abbreviations

    Abbreviation list

    APELL Awareness and Preparedness for Emergencies at Local Level

    AVI DB

    AZF

    Aree Vulnerate Italian database

    AZote Fertilisant, i.e. nitrogen fertiliser (factory)

    CC Climate Change

    CCS Consorcio de Compensacion de Seguros

    CEA/DAM/DIF

    CFMPs

    CIRCA

    Tsunami Warning Centre for the Western Mediterranean and North-eastern

    Atlantic

    Catchment Flood Management Plans

    Communication & Information Resource Centre Administrator

    CNP

    CPM

    National Forecasting Center

    Civil Protection Mechanism

    CSR Corporate

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