golden grammar rules

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English Grammar Rules by Michael Swan (50 of 100)

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  • 1. Golden Grammar RulesbyMichaelSwan
  • 2. Sue needs her own room.(NOT Sue needs an own room.)Id like a phone line of my own.(NOT an own phone line.)Dont use an with own.{For more details, see Practical English Usage 3rd Edition section 405} 1
  • 3. Shes German or rather, Austrian.(NOT Shes German or better, Austrian.)Ill see you on Friday or rather, Saturday.Use or rather to correct yourself{For more details, see Practical English Usage 3rd Edition section 157}2
  • 4. I play tennis every Saturday.(NOT I am playing tennis every Saturday.)It usually rains a lot in November.Use the simple present play(s), rain(s) etc to talk about habits and repeated actions{For more details, see Practical English Usage 3rd Edition sections 4614}3
  • 5. Ill cook you supper this evening.(NOT I cook you supper this evening.)I promise Ill phone you tomorrow.(NOT I promise I phone you tomorrow.)Use will , not the present, foroers and promises{For more details, see Practical English Usage 3rd Edition section 217}4
  • 6. I dont like to be shouted at.(NOT I dont like to be shouted.)This needs to be thought about some more.(NOT This needs to be thought some more.)Dont drop prepositions withpassive verbs{For more details, see Practical English Usage 3rd Edition page section 416}5
  • 7. Its time you went home.(NOT Its time you go home.)Its time we invited Bill and Sonia.(NOT Its time we invite Bill and Sonia.)Dont use a present tenseafter Its time{For more details, see Practical English Usage 3rd Edition section 306}6
  • 8. I was born in 1975.(NOT I am born in 1975.)Shakespeare was born in 1564.Use was/were born to givedates of birth{For more details, see Practical English Usage 3rd Edition section 108}7
  • 9. The police are looking for him.(NOT The police is looking for him.)I called the police, but they weretoo busy to come.Police is a plural noun{For more details, see Practical English Usage 3rd Edition section 524}8
  • 10. Books are expensive.(NOT The books are expensive.)I love music.(NOT I love the music.)Dont use the to talk aboutthings in general{For more details, see Practical English Usage 3rd Edition section 68}9
  • 11. 10I think youd better see the doctor.(NOT I think you have better see the doctor.)Wed better ask John to help us.Use had better, not have better{For more details, see Practical English Usage 3rd Edition section 230}
  • 12. {For more details, see Practical English Usage 3rd Edition sections 4614}Use the presentprogressive to talkabout things thatare continuing atthe time ofspeaking.Im playing very badlytoday.(NOT I play very badlytoday.)Look! Its raining!(NOT Look! It rains!)11
  • 13. {For more details, see Practical English Usage 3rd Edition section 208}Use for with aperiod of time.Use since with thebeginning of theperiod12for the last two hours = since 9 oclockfor three days = since Mondayfor five years = since I left schoolIve been learning English for five years.(NOT Ive been learning Englishsince three years.)Weve been waiting for Agnes,since eight oclock.
  • 14. Dont separatethe verb fromthe object.13She speaks English very well.(NOT She speaks very wellEnglish.)Andy likes skiing very much.(NOT Andy likes very muchskiing.){For more details, see Practical English Usage 3rd Edition section 611}
  • 15. Dont use thepresent perfect- have/has seen, have/has gone, etcwith words thatname a finishedtime.14{For more details, see Practical English Usage 3rd Edition section 456}I saw him yesterday.(NOT I have seen himyesterday.)They went to Greecelast summer.(NOT They have gone last summer.)
  • 16. English(the language)normally has noarticle.15{For more details, see Practical English Usage 3rd Edition section 149}You speak very good English.(NOT You speaka very good English.)
  • 17. Afterlook forward to,we use -ing,not an infinitive.16{For more details, see Practical English Usage 3rd Edition section 298}I look forward to seeing you.(NOT I look forwardto see you.)Were looking forward togoing on holiday.(NOT to go on holiday.)
  • 18. Can you give me some information?(NOT Can you give me aninformation?)I got a lot of information from theInternet.(NOT I got a lot of informations fromthe Internet.)Informationis an uncountablenoun.17{For more details, see Practical English Usage 3rd Edition section 148}
  • 19. I drove there without stopping.(NOT I drove there without tostop.)Wash your hands before eating.(NOT Wash your hands beforeto eat.)Use -ing formsafter prepositions.18{For more details, see Practical English Usage 3rd Edition section 298}
  • 20. Come here and look at thispaper.(NOT Come here and look atthat paper.)Use this, not that,for things that areclose.19{For more details, see Practical English Usage 3rd Edition section 148}
  • 21. We waited one and a half hours.(NOT We waited one and a halfhour.)A mile is about one and a halfkilometres.(NOT A mile is about one and ahalf kilometre.)Use a plural nounafter one and ahalf.20{For more details, see Practical English Usage 3rd Edition section 231}
  • 22. Use the present perfect, not the present, to say how longthings have been going on.{For more details, see Practical English Usage 3rd Edition section 460}Ive been waiting since 10 oclock.(NOT Im waiting since 10 oclock.)Weve lived here for nine years.(NOT We live here for nine years.)21
  • 23. The majority is normally plural.Some people are interested, but the majority dont care.(NOT ... but the majority doesnt care.)The majority of these people are very poor.(NOT The majority of these people is very poor.)22{For more details, see Practical English Usage 3rd Edition section 526}
  • 24. Use too much/many before (adjective +) noun; usetoo before an adjective with no noun.Theres too much noise.I bought too much red paint.Those shoes are too expensive.(NOT Those shoes are too much expensive.)23{For more details, see Practical English Usage 3rd Edition section 595}
  • 25. Use that, not what, after all.Ive told you all that I know.(NOT Ive told you all what I know.)He gave her all that he had.24{For more details, see Practical English Usage 3rd Edition section 494}
  • 26. Dont say according to me to give your opinion.I think its a good film.(NOT According to me, its a good film.)In my opinion, youre making a serious mistake.(NOT According to me, youre making a seriousmistake.)25{For more details, see Practical English Usage 3rd Edition section 8}
  • 27. Dont ask about possibilities with May you ..? etc.Do you think youll go camping this summer?(NOT May you go camping this summer?)Is Joan likely to be here tomorrow?(NOT May Joan be here tomorrow?)26{For more details, see Practical English Usage 3rd Edition section 339}
  • 28. Use who, not which, for people in relative structures.The woman who lives upstairs is from Thailand.(NOT The woman which lives upstairs is fromThailand.)I dont like people who shout all the time.(NOT I dont like people which shout all the time.)27{For more details, see Practical English Usage 3rd Edition section 494}
  • 29. Use for, not during, to say `how long.We waited for six hours.(NOT We waited during six hours.)He was ill for three weeks.(NOT He was ill during three weeks.)28{For more details, see Practical English Usage 3rd Edition section 167}
  • 30. Use to ..., not for ..., to say why you do something.I came here to study English.(NOT I came here for study English.)She telephoned me to explain the problem.(NOT She telephoned me for explain the problem.)29{For more details,