global history and geography regents 2005 susan e. hamilton

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  • Global History and Geography Regents 2005 Susan E. Hamilton
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  • Global History & Geography n Introduction & Overview of Program n Test Structure n Study & Test-taking Strategies n Thematic Essay Review n Final Tips
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  • Test Structure n 50 multiple choice questions on ninth and tenth grade material n One thematic essay on broad topic n Several short answer document-based questions n One essay based on the documents
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  • How to Study for the Regents n Identify your strengths and weaknesses and focus on your weaknesses n Know how you learn n Break up study sessions in small chunks of time n make yourself accountable - have someone quiz you
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  • Multiple choice Questions n General social studies/vocabulary n speaker/quotation n maps/political cartoon/graphs/charts n fact/opinion n cause/effect n trend/global issues n outline/main ideas n chronological order
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  • Multiple choice strategies n Read the question carefully. If it is unclear translate it (change vocabulary) n Use word association to make connections between key words and what you know n If possible, determine whether the question is asking for a positive or negative answer n Go with what you know n Use process of elimination n Check your answers
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  • Positive Global Events/Ideas n Pax Romana n Magna Carta n Enlightenment n Renaissance n Scientific Revolution n Universal Declaration of Human Rights n detente n Glasnost
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  • Negative Global Events/Ideas n Absolutism/ totalitarianism/ fascism n Armenian Massacre/Holocaust/Cambodian genocide/ ethnic cleansing in Bosnia/ Rwandan genocide n Maos Great Leap Forward & Cultural Revolution n collectivization n apartheid
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  • Vocabulary translations n Westernize=modernize=industrialize n independence=self-determination = nationalism =autonomy= sovereignty n traditional = before industrialization n mercantilism=favorable balance of trade n imperialism = colonialism n imperial power = mother country, colonial power n Marxist socialism = communism/Marxism n bourgeoisie = middle class n capitalism= free market, supply and demand
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  • Thematic Essay Strategies n Study key global and geography themes n Read the task and be sure you understand what is being asked. n Brainstorm ideas using word association. Think: Who? What? Where? When? Why? How? n Make a chart or graphic organizer using the information provided n Write your essay based on your chart n Reread your essay and add any additional relevant information
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  • Document-based Questions n Always read the question before you read the document. n As you read the document, underline the answer n Answer ALL the document questions using information from the document
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  • Document-based Essay Tips n Brainstorm using word association. It is VERY IMPORTANT to include information relating to the topic beyond the information found in the documents. Think: Who? What? Where? When? Why? How? n Make a chart or graphic organizer using the information provided n Make sure that you use and cite the required number of documents. Keep in mind documents are meant to support your position. n Be sure you have included outside information(you may wish to underline this)
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  • Geography & Its Effects n Natural resources: iron ore & coal in Britain > Industrial Revolution, diamonds in S.Africa, gold in Latin America n Rivers: early civilizations emerge; Nile River in Egypt, Fertile Crescent n Water sources: Middle East and Russia n Island status: Japans isolation & limited natural resources - imperialism & industrialization, Great Britain- strength of navy, ports, WWII
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  • n Monsoons: feast or famine of South Asia, Green Revolution n Irregular coastline: Italy has many natural ports, inviting trade & Renaissance, England n Land Bridge: Korea serves as a cultural bridge between Japan and China n Great Eurasian Plain: allowed easy invasions of Poland and USSR (WWII) Geography & Its Effects
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  • n Enormous size of Russia: frequent invasion, difficult to conquer, quest for warm-water ports n Harsh winter: Russias General Winter helped defeat Napoleon and Hitler n Smooth(regular) coastlines & unnavigable rivers in Africa: delay European imperialism n Location of Middle East: cultural diffusion and conflict over Holy Land n Oil resources: Iraq takeover of Kuwait, OPEC Geography & Its Effects
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  • Global Problems n Know location, causes, effects and possible solutions overpopulation deforestation desertification status of women nuclear proliferation pollution/global warming/depletion of resources urbanization famine terrorism
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  • Turning Points n Just about any revolution can be a turning point in a nations history n Others include: Signing of Magna Carta (1215) Fall of Constantinople (1453) Voyages of Columbus (1492) Collapse of Soviet Union (1990) End of apartheid in South Africa (1990)
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  • Political Systems n Democracy: govt by the consent of the people, protection of individual rights Direct: Athens Indirect: Rome Parliamentary: Britain & India Word association: Pericles, John Locke, Enlightenment
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  • n Communism: government control of economy(command), classless society Russia/Soviet Union, V.I. Lenin, Stalin: 1917-1990 China, Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping: 1949 Cuba, Fidel Castro:1959 Vietnam: Ho Chi Minh: 1975 Cambodia: Pol Pot North Korea: Kim Jong Il Political Systems
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  • n Totalitarianism/Authoritarian (Stalin) n Fascist (Hitler, Mussolini) n Theocracy/Religious rule (Ayatollah Khomeini:Iran, Taliban/Afghanistan) n Oppressive dictator (Saddam Hussein) n Autocratic (Czars of Russia) n Absolute rule/divine right (King Louis XIV and Louis XVI) n Feudalism: local control/strict social system/lord Political Systems
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  • Religion & Philosophies n Hinduism India Sacred text: Vedas &Upanishads Basic beliefs: several gods, caste system, reincarnation, karma, dharma, sacred cow Impact: caste system remains strong in rural areas but is weakening in cities, many Hindus are vegetarians (Sepoy Mutiny)
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  • n Buddhism Southeast Asia Basic beliefs: reincarnation, nirvana, Four Nobel Truths n life is full of suffering n suffering is caused by a desire for things n suffering can be eliminated by eliminating desire n following the Eightfold Path will help overcome desire (right thinking and action) Religion & Philosophies
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  • n Judaism Israel, created in 1948 Holy Book: Torah Three beliefs: monotheistic, God gave Hebrews the land of Canaan (Israel), 10 Commandments Spread throughout world as a result of Diaspora Impact: Zionism (Jewish nationalism), conflict in the Middle East Religion & Philosophies
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  • n Christianity Western Europe, Latin America (Catholic) Holy Book: Bible Three beliefs: monotheistic, Jesus Christ as savior, 10 Commandments Spread through Age of Imperialism (White Mans Burden) Impact: Crusades, dominant institution during the Middle Ages, Protestant Reformation (Martin Luther) Religion & Philosophies
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  • n Islam Middle East (except Israel), Indonesia Holy Book: Quran (Koran) Three beliefs: monotheistic, Five Pillars (faith, prayer, charity, fasting, pilgrimage to Mecca), Sharia (Islamic laws) Spread through trade and conquest Impact: Islamic fundementalism in Iran (1979) Religion & Philosophies
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  • n Confucianism China Basic beliefs: Five Basic Human Relationships, education should be the road to advancement, filial piety (respect for family) Impact: provides social order and encourages education Religion & Philosophies
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  • Revolutions n Neolithic Revolution:FROM nomadic tribes TO domestication of animals and farming giving rise to early civilizations n Commercial Revolution:FROM limited trade based on barter TO urban centers and new middle class leading to changes in business practices(mercantilism & capitalism) n Scientific Revolution: FROM medieval thinking TO use of observation and reason
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  • n Glorious Revolution: FROM absolutist policies of James II TO William and Mary signing of Bill of Rights limiting power of the monarchy in Great Britain n French Revolution: FROM absolute monarchy of Louis XVI TO democratic ideals of Enlightenment n Industrial Revolution: FROM cottage industry (goods made at home by hand) TO factory system, women working, higher standard of living, reform movement Revolutions
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  • n Russian Revolution: FROM Czarist autocratic rule of Nicholas II TO communist rule under Lenin n Chinese Revolution:FROM warlord control and civil war with Nationalists TO communist rule under Mao Zedong (supported by peasants) n Iranian Revolution:FROM western rule of Shah Reza Pahlevi TO Islamic Fundementalist rule of Ayatollah Khomeini n Green Revolution: FROM limited crop yield TO double crop yield in South/Southeast Asia Revolutions
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  • Chronological Events n


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