gilbert syndrome

Download Gilbert Syndrome

Post on 19-Jun-2015

942 views

Category:

Documents

1 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Gilberts syndrome is a common and harmless condition where people experience occasional episodes of jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes). Gilberts syndrome is caused by a build-up of a yellow pigment, called bilirubin, in the blood. Bilirubin is found naturally in the blood and is formed when red blood cells break down. The body usually removes bilirubin, but in Gilberts syndrome this process does not work properly.If you haveGilberts syndrome, during an episode of jaundice you may have symptoms such as:-- stomach cramps -- feeling very tired (fatigue) -- problems concentrating and thinking clearly (brain fog) -- a general sense of feeling unwell However, aroundone inthree people with Gilberts syndrome experience no noticeable symptoms and the condition is only detected during testing for other, unrelated conditions.People with Gilberts syndrome often find that there are certain triggers that can bring on jaundice, such as:-- being dehydrated -- going without food for long periods of time (fasting) -- being ill with an unrelated infection -- stress -- in women, having their monthlyperiod The jaundice and any associated symptoms will pass without the need for treatment.People with Gilberts syndrome are often concerned about havingjaundice because jaundice can often be asign of an underlying liverproblem, such ascirrhosis (scarring of the liver) or hepatitis C.However, itis important to stress that Gilberts syndrome is harmless and has nothing to do with liver problems. People with Gilberts syndrome are no more likely to develop liver disease than the population at large.

TRANSCRIPT

  • 1. Fitango EducationHealth TopicsGilbert Syndromehttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=115

2. Overview Gilberts syndrome is a common and harmless condition where people experience occasional episodes of jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes). Gilberts syndrome is caused by a build-up of a yellow pigment,http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=115 1 3. Overview called bilirubin, in the blood. Bilirubin is found naturally in the blood and is formed when red blood cells break down. The body usually removes bilirubin, but in Gilberts syndrome this process does not work properly.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=1152 4. Overview If you have Gilberts syndrome, during an episode of jaundice you may have symptoms such as: -- stomach cramps -- feeling very tired (fatigue) -- problems concentrating and thinking clearly (brain fog)http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=115 3 5. Overview -- a general sense of feeling unwell However, around one in three people with Gilberts syndrome experience no noticeable symptoms and the condition is only detected during testing for other, unrelated conditions.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=115 4 6. Overview People with Gilberts syndrome often find that there are certain triggers that can bring on jaundice, such as: -- being dehydrated -- going without food for long periods of time (fasting) -- being ill with an unrelated infectionhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=1155 7. Overview -- stress -- in women, having their monthly period The jaundice and any associated symptoms will pass without the need for treatment. People with Gilberts syndrome are often concerned abouthttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=115 6 8. Overview having jaundice because jaundice can often be a sign of an underlying liver problem, such as cirrhosis (scarring of the liver) or hepatitis C. However, it is important to stress that Gilberts syndrome is harmless and has nothing to do with liver problems. People withhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=115 7 9. Overview Gilberts syndrome are no more likely to develop liver disease than the population at large.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=1158 10. Symptoms -- stomach cramps -- feeling very tired (fatigue) -- problems concentrating and thinking clearly (brain fog) -- a general sense of feeling unwellhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=1159 11. Diagnosis Gilberts syndrome can be diagnosed using a blood test to measure the levels of bilirubin in your blood. It is likely that you will also have another type of blood test called a liver function test. When the liver is damaged, it releaseshttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=11510 12. Diagnosis enzymes into the blood. At the same time, levels of proteins that the liver produces to keep the body healthy begin to drop. By measuring the levels of these enzymes and proteins, it is possible to build up a reasonably accurate picture of how well the liver ishttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=115 11 13. Diagnosis functioning. If the tests show that you have high levels of bilirubin in your blood but your liver is working normally, a diagnosis of Gilberts syndrome can usually be made with confidence.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=11512 14. Treatment Gilberts syndrome does not require treatment because the condition does not pose a threat to health and is not associated with any complications.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=115 13 15. Treatment There is no reason to modify your diet if you have Gilberts syndrome and the standard recommendations on diet and exercise will still apply to you. You may find it useful to avoid known triggers for the condition, such as dehydration and fasting.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=11514 16. Causes Gilberts syndrome is a genetic condition. People with Gilberts syndrome have a faulty gene that means their body has problems breaking down a substance in the blood called bilirubin.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=115 15 17. Causes Normally, when red blood cells reach the end of their life (after about 120 days), haemoglobin, the red pigment that carries oxygen in the blood, breaks down into bilirubin. The liver converts bilirubin into a water-soluble form, which thenhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=115 16 18. Causes passes into bile and is eventually removed from the body in urine or stools. Bilirubin gives urine its light yellow colour and stools their dark brown colour. In Gilberts syndrome, the faulty gene means that bilirubin is nothttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=115 17 19. Causes converted at the normal rate. It builds up in the bloodstream and can cause the skin and eyes to take on a yellowish tinge. Other than inheriting the abnormal gene, there are no known risk factors for developing Gilberts syndrome. It is not related to anyhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=11518 20. Causes lifestyle habits or caused by environment factors.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=11519