getting children riding again: making local streets safer for cycling

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  • Title

    Getting Children Riding Again:Making Local Streets Safer for Cycling

    Phil Gray GTA Consultants 8 September 2016

  • Overview

    The Need

    Decline in riding

    Increased obesity

    Car dependence

    Safety perceptions

    Why?

    Active children

    Reduced congestion

    Connected communities

    The Challenge

    Speed

    Safe routes

    Perceptions

    Priorities

  • Then

    Riding to School Was Fun

    Now

  • 2015 Progress Report Card on Active Transport for Children and Young People | AHKA

    The Road Less Travelled

  • Travel to School Facts

    Source: www.bicyclenetwork.com.au

  • Stranger Danger

  • Group Description Characteristics

    A Vulnerable to traffic Children, elderly, hearing impaired

    B Fair weather riders Lacking confidence, average riding skill

    C Active adultsMedium speeds, 'road aware, good

    riding skills

    D Sports and fitnessHigh speed, prefers main road

    environments

    Who Uses Local Streets?

  • Rider Characteristics & Environment

    Group Rider Characteristics Rider Environment

    Primary School

    Children

    Cognitive skills not developed,

    little knowledge of road rules,

    requires supervision

    Off-road path, footpath (where

    permitted), or very low volume

    residential street

    Secondary

    School Children

    Skill varies, developing

    confidence

    Generally use on-road facilities or off-

    road paths where available

    Austroads 2014, Guide to traffic management: part 4: network management, AGTM04-14, Austroads, Sydney, NSW.

  • Local Street Elements

    On-street parking

    Raised side-

    entry treatment

    Lower

    speed limitCyclists!

    LATM

    Kerb-outsands

  • Source: www.8-80cities.org/8-80-rule

    Infrastructure for ALL users

  • Source: Sydneys Cycling Future, 2013

    >75% feel safe

    >75% feel unsafe

    = feel safe &

    unsafe

  • Source: NSW Bicycle Guidelines

    Vehicle speeds < 50km/h

    Parking one side

    Bikes share lanes equally with vehicles

    Narrow (2.7m) lanes discourage

    overtaking

    Best when speeds equitable (e.g. 30

    km/h)

    Mixed Traffic

  • Mixed Traffic vs

    Separation?

    Still current?

    Constrained environments

    Retrofit

  • Equitable Speeds (30km/h)

    Education/legislation changes?

    Network improvements

    Priority/provision for riders at intersections

    Safe routes to schools

    Bicycle parking at both trip ends

    What to Do?

  • Source: Austroads Research Report Cycling on Higher Speed Roads (AP-R410-12), Figure 2.1, pg. 4 (Austroads, 2012)

    % P

    robabili

    ty o

    f F

    ata

    lity

    30 50

    speed management

  • Modified from Garrard, J, 2008

  • 30 km/h / 20 mph Examples

  • Bicycle by-passes

    LATM

  • Source: Streets for People Compendium

    LATM Speed Profile

  • Rugby Street, South AustraliaSelf-enforcing speed reduction

  • Radial better than tangential

    Equitable speed

    Claim the lane

    Shared lane markings

    2 Refers to roundabout negotiation or maximum entry design speeds

    Roundabouts

  • Rugby Street, South Australia

    Filtered Permeability

  • Burchett Street, Brunswick

    Contra-Flow

  • Nash Street, Brunswick

  • Nash Street, Brunswick

  • Tendency to overprotect

  • 1m passing rule (
  • Source: Ellison and Gray, 2011

    Car is the Guest

  • New Treatments Bicycle Boulevards

    Bike boulevard video.mp4

  • Shared Spaces/Naked Streets

  • Outside the square?

  • Intuitive road designs

    Equitable speeds (30 km/h)

    Direct, low volume routes

    Innovative designs - bike priority

    N u r t u r e a c u l t u r e o f r e s p e c t

    Key Points

  • GTA consultants

    Melbourne

    Sydney

    Brisbane

    Canberra

    Phil Gray

    Associate

    Phil.Gray@gta.com.au

    @VeloGray

    gta.com.au

    Adelaide

    Gold Coast

    Townsville

    Perth

    Complete transportation specialists

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