Gayaguem Music & Its Structure JOENGAK Traditional Music Genre Folk Music.

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Slide 1 Gayaguem Music & Its Structure JOENGAK Traditional Music Genre Folk Music Slide 2 Joengak ( : right :music= righteous music) Generally speaking, a slow melody is leisurely, like a flock of clouds floating in the sky. Central to court ritual and ceremonial music and aristocratic music in Joseon Dynasty (1392 ~ 1910) Slow tempo / emotionally restrained Self-cultivation Peaceful Slide 3 Joengak : Sujaechun Meditation? In Royal Procession Ceremonies and Court Music Performances Everlasting Life Su : life jae :same chun : heaven Slide 4 Joengak : Sujaechun http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-MMulcRsTeE Slide 5 Intensive vibrato ( Nonghyun ) & sigimsae Compare to Jeongak Greater Range of Tempo & More Expressive Melodies in Emotions Meaning Scattered Melodies Various Rhythm Cycle Folk Music : Sanjo http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J-OuZS6uBO0 Nongak : traditional farmers' music Gayaguem Sanjo performance : Slide 6 Epic-Length Stories Sori = Song Aniri = Narration Ballim = Mimetic gestures Gosu ( ) = Drummer Chuimsae : eolssu, eu-iee, eolssigu Musical Drama Folk Music : Pansori Buk : http://tvpot.daum.net/clip/ClipView.do?clipid=21258103 Slide 7 Vocalist Governed by a Modal System Drummer with a Fixed Cyclic Pattern Freedom to Improvise Sanjo vs. Pansori Length of Pansori Folk Music : Pansori Slide 8 Samguksagi (Historical record of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, A.D. 1145) The King Gasil of Gaya Kingdom (A.D. 42 532) Zither from Gaya Ureuk & The King Jinheung of Silla Gayaguem : Its Origin Slide 9 Flat bottom = Earth Twelve strings = Twelve months Round surface of the front board = Heaven Sun & Moon = Yin & Yang(balance of universal forces) Jwadan, = Joy and Happiness / The Sun & The moon Gayaguem : Structure with its Symbolic Value Slide 10 Twelve bridges, anjok ( / /wild geese feet) Phoenix= good luck : Slide 11 Jeongak Gayageum: Assoicated with accompaniment for court/chamber music and lyric songs Wider spacing between strings Slow music : Yeongsan-hoesang Twelve to twenty-five strings Jeongak Ancient gayageum : Beopgeum (law-zither), Pungnyu (elegance), or Jeongak (right music) Gayageum Gayaguem : Types and Musical Characteristics Slide 12 : Buddhas sermon Nine Pieces : Slowest in the 1 st movement to fastest in the 9 th movement Sangryungsan Ensemble accompaniment for lyric song Music of Jeongak Gayaguem : Yeongsan-hoesang & others http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J-OuZS6uBO0 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JEMLpxirxM8 Slide 13 19 th century with the emergence of Sanjo music (fast tempos and improvisational) Closer string spacing & Shorter length Folk Song : Arirang Traditionally Silk string & Occasionally Synthetic string since the late 20 th century Sinawhi : Ensemble form of Sanjo / Jazz Music of Sanjo Gayaguem Music for sanjo gayageum: Sanjo http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qsF9y33eZbw http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gkM_LXUCMeAhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gkM_LXUCMeAc Slide 14 Slide 15 Composed by Byunggi Hwang Music of Sanjo Gayaguem : Contemporary Music (Chimhyangmoo) Spreading through a Tree Imagination of Western Culture through the Silk Road to Silla a valuable Indian incense a tree Slide 16 Silk String vs. Polyester String Soft & Delicate Tone Color vs. Louder & More Brilliant Sound Modern music Various number of strings : 18 Strings : tuned to a Pentatonic Scale & Made of Polyester Synthetic String 25 Strings : tuned heptatonically Modified Gayaguem http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_zhaQTrds7Q http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YhT5vtV1kI4 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_9MFxxobUcY

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