Fuel choices for fuel-cell vehicles: well-to-wheels energy and emission impacts

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    Fuel choices for fuel-cell vehicles: well-to-wheels energy and emission impactsIntroductionApproachThe GREET modelVehicle propulsion technologies and fuel pathways included in this study

    Data sources and key assumptionsWell-to-pump assumptionsPetroleum to ICE gasoline, ICE diesel, FC gasoline, and FC naphthaNatural gas-based fuelsElectrolysis hydrogenCellulosic ethanol

    Pump-to-wheels assumptions

    ResultsWell-to-pump energy efficienciesWell-to-wheels total energy use changesWell-to-wheels fossil energy use changesWell-to-wheels petroleum use changesWell-to-wheels greenhouse gas emissions changes

    ConclusionsAcknowledgementsSummary of fuel economy of baseline gasoline vehicles and advanced vehicle technologies from completed studiesReferences

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