friday sermon slides february 26 th 2010
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DESCRIPTIONFriday Sermon Slides February 26 th 2010. SUMMARY. February 26 th , 2010. Al Hasib. Reminder of last weeks message. February 26 th , 2010. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Al HasibReminder of last weeks message
And prove the orphans until they attainthe age ofmarriage; then, if you find in them sound judgment, deliver to them their property; and devour it not in extravagance and haste against their growing up. And whoso is rich, let him abstain; and whoso is poor, let him eatthereofwith equity. And when you deliver to them their property, then call witnesses in their presence. And Allah is sufficient as a Reckoner.Chapter 4, Verse 7
Hudhur (aba) explained the message
Financial responsibilities towards orphans
Hudhur (aba) mentioned the Hadith Relating Hadith Hudhur said a man asked the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) that he did not have any funds but he was the carer of an orphan.
He was enjoined that he should use from the orphans inheritance neither being spendthrift nor niggardly, neither should he use the orphans inheritance to enhance his own property nor should he use the orphans money to save his own.
Hudhur (aba) explained the HadithHudhur (aba) said if a person of limited means cares for an orphan, he has to give an account of every penny spent out of his inheritance in presence of witnesses. Hudhur (aba) said this safeguard is put in place to dispel any suspicion of financial mismanagement. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) said that if one spends on an orphan while being well-off or spends while not being well-off, when the orphan reaches adulthood and wisdom he should be returned the money with full accounts. But it is better if the orphans inheritance is invested in business and is enhanced..
The verse concludes on the reminder that God is watching over all the time and everyone will be called to account.
And come not near the property of the orphan, except in the best way, until he attains his maturity, and fulfil the covenant; for the covenant shall be questioned about. Chapter 17, Verse 35Hadhrat Musleh Maud (may Allah be pleased with him) elucidated that this covenant is in fact the responsibility of the upbringing, nurturing of the orphan and safeguarding his property. It is an obligation on people as well society.
Hudhur (aba) said this is not a favour on the orphans; rather it is the obligation of an Islamic society and it is the right of an orphan.
As God has placed this obligation on Muslims and in their capacity as believers He takes a covenant from them that if they do not fulfil their obligation He will hold them accountable.
And give to the orphans their property and exchange not the bad for the good, and devour not their property with your own. Surely, it is a great sin. Chapter 4, Verse 3Hudhur (aba) said here too the same subject is repeated. If one was to mix an orphans property with ones own property for gain then ones pure earning will becomeharam(forbidden) due to the ill-intention and earning property that isharamis a grievous sin.
Surely, they who devour the property of orphans unjustly, only swallow fire into their bellies, and they shall burn in a blazing fire. Chapter 4, Verse 11Hudhur (aba) said thus is the teaching of Islam. It safeguards the disadvantaged in life with great intensity.
And let those fearGodwho, if they should leave behind them their own weak offspring, would be anxious for them. Let them, therefore, fear Allah and let them say the right word. Chapter 4, Verse 10
Hudhur (aba) said that orphans should not be spoilt either.
The objective is to bring orphans up in a manner that they become the best part of society. Orphans can lose their potential due to inferiority complex.
They should be brought up in a manner that they become the best in society.
Their upbringing should neither be too strict nor too lenient; it should be like one brings up ones own children.
The right of an orphan is the same as that of a child with parental support.
(Chapter 2: Verse 221).The Quranic verse does not merely signify commandment about an orphan with inheritance, rather it denotes orphans of all social standing.
Upon this world and the next. And they ask thee concerning the orphans. Say: Promotion of their welfare isan act ofgreat goodness. And if you intermix with them, they are your brethren. And Allah knows the mischief-maker from the reformer. And if Allah had so willed, He would have put you to hardship. Surely, Allah is Mighty, Wise.
A Hadith relates that the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) said, a person who puts a compassionate hand on the head of an orphan boy or girl merely for the sake of God will be rewarded with virtues in exchange of every single hair on the head on which his sympathetic hand was placed. A person who treats an orphan boy or girl with kindness and favour will be with me in Paradise like these two, and the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) indicated to his two joined fingers. Thus is the status of one looking after an orphan. God has given him the glad-tiding of Paradise. The Companions of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) used to strive with each other to look after orphans.
By citingAnd if you intermix with them, they are your brethrenthe verse signifies the carer as an older brother of the kind who honours his dues. Hence the instruction is to help them very well and in a most self-less manner.(Chapter 2: Verse 221).God reminds us that He is present everywhere, thus letting us know that He knows full well who creates disorder and who brings about peace. Ones deportment with the orphans should be to make them the best among society.However, if neither the carer nor the orphan has any means then the administration and management of the community should be contacted. The objective is not to put anyone in difficulty.
Nay, but you honour not the orphan, Chapter 89, Verse 18
Hudhur (aba) mentioned the Hadith A Hadith relates that the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) said a person who cares for three orphans is like one who offersTahajjudat night, keeps fasts and does Jihad in the cause of God. They will both be like brothers in Paradise and the Prophet indicated to his forefinger and his middle finger joined.
. And they feed, for love of Him, the poor, the orphan, and the prisoner, Chapter 76, Verse 9
The Tehrik for Yatama
Tehrik for orphans10 per year is a meager amount for people living here, however, it can play a huge role in making the future of many orphans bright.
Hudhur (aba) prayed
*Hudhur said last week he drew attention to a Quranic commandment which, when put in practice with fear of God, is a guarantee for peaceful society. As the commandment ended on a mention of the Divine attribute of Al Hasib (The Reckoner) therein is a lesson for every Muslim that if they do not abide by expressing the greeting of security, safety and peace [Assalamoalaikum] they will be held accountable.**The verse begins by mentioning testing of orphans. Hudhur explained this connotes that you should be mindful of the education and training of the orphans who are entrusted in your care. Do not be negligent of them considering them alone in the world. Just as you keep a check on your own children from time to time, check on the educational and training progress of the orphans. Do not differentiate between the way you arrange for the academic training of your own children and theirs. Keep an eye on their special interests and aptitude and try to enhance their natural capacities, providing them with relevant opportunities. Orphans should never be made to feel that due to their deprivation they could not fully realise their potential or that if their parents were alive they would have been one of the high achievers. Whether the care of orphans is undertaken by individuals or on a communal level, their education and training and supervision is the responsibility of those who are in-charge of their care. This care should continue until such time that the orphans reach a marriageable age. Once reaching adulthood one can look after oneself. If the education and training of childhood has been sound, one will become a useful part of society.*Hudhur explained that the verse illustrates that simply reaching a certain age does not necessarily make an orphan capable to look after the property of his parents. It is also important for him to be sound of mind and this should be ascertained. If the young person appears fine in education and general deportment then the property should be entrusted to him; it is rightfully his. However, if in spite of reaching adulthood, he does not have the mental astuteness to take care of the property, then the property should be supervised and the orphan should be given spending money in accordance to his expenses. While growing up, he should be explained monetary intricacies. Some individuals are simple in certain matters but have a good acumen of money-matters. People may call them simpleton but they have the ability to do good business.*Those who are in-charge of the orphans do not have a free reign in spending the funds left by the parents. It should all be fully accounted for and handed over to them upon reaching adulthood. Many a time people keep the property of orphans under their control in spite of their reaching of age. If there is any ill-intent, it will be held accountable. A further safeguard has been put in place to prevent any arrogation of orphans inheritance in the termfalyastafif(let him abstain). This signifies that even the thought of taking something from the property of