friday, march 4 / qw #6 – social class / canterbury tales notes / qw #6 – social class /...

Download Friday, March 4 / QW #6 – social class / Canterbury Tales Notes / QW #6 – social class / Canterbury Tales Notes

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Friday, March 4 / QW #6 social class / Canterbury Tales Notes / QW #6 social class / Canterbury Tales Notes Slide 2 Todays Goals / Discuss characterization/social class / Learn helpful historical background information for The Canterbury Tales / Review the literary devices Chaucer uses (satire, frame story) / Discuss characterization/social class / Learn helpful historical background information for The Canterbury Tales / Review the literary devices Chaucer uses (satire, frame story) Slide 3 QW #6 Social Class / How is RHS divided into social groups? How can you tell who is in which groups? Do people pick their groups or are they assigned in some way? Can you move from one group to another with ease or is it difficult? How do the members of each group relate to members of other groups? Slide 4 Introduction to The Canterbury Tales / Characterization / Classicism / Medieval social structure / Changing times / Social satire / Characterization / Classicism / Medieval social structure / Changing times / Social satire Slide 5 Characterization / The process by which a writer reveals the personality of a character / Can be direct or indirect / Narrator can tell us / Describe how looks/dresses / Characters words/actions / Reveal characters thoughts/feelings / Showing how others respond to, think about, or speak about the character / The process by which a writer reveals the personality of a character / Can be direct or indirect / Narrator can tell us / Describe how looks/dresses / Characters words/actions / Reveal characters thoughts/feelings / Showing how others respond to, think about, or speak about the character Slide 6 Classicism / Clergy / Nobility / Ruling class / Aristocracy / Fighting class / Peasants / Middle class (not recognized) / Trade class (not recognized) / Peasantry class / Women (sorry, ladies) / Clergy / Nobility / Ruling class / Aristocracy / Fighting class / Peasants / Middle class (not recognized) / Trade class (not recognized) / Peasantry class / Women (sorry, ladies) Slide 7 Rigid structure / Attempts to move from one group to another was considered against the laws of nature and of God. Slide 8 The Three Estates / Men were classed according to what they did / Those who pray / Those who fight / Those who work Slide 9 Men and Women / Women were classed according to their relationship to men / Virgin / Wife / Widow Slide 10 Changing Times / Renaissance approaching / Science progressing / Greek literature rediscovered / Democracy / Capitalism encouraged social change / Chaucer wrote Tales as satire / Renaissance approaching / Science progressing / Greek literature rediscovered / Democracy / Capitalism encouraged social change / Chaucer wrote Tales as satire Slide 11 The Canterbury Tales / Written as estates satire / Shows each of the three estates and portrays the ideal members of each, as well as the problems with the social structure / Publicly exposed corruption / Written in Middle English / Written as estates satire / Shows each of the three estates and portrays the ideal members of each, as well as the problems with the social structure / Publicly exposed corruption / Written in Middle English Slide 12 Geoffrey Chaucer / Father of English poetry / Before Chaucer, serious poets would not write in English felt that English could not convey the nuances & complexities of serious literature / Well-known govt official under Edward III, Richard II, Henry IV / Father of English poetry / Before Chaucer, serious poets would not write in English felt that English could not convey the nuances & complexities of serious literature / Well-known govt official under Edward III, Richard II, Henry IV Slide 13 Why else is Chaucer important? / CT, similar to Italys Decameron, uses a frame device / Strength of spirit & personality In a dark, troubled age, he was a comfortable optimist, serene, full of faith. (John Gardner) / CT, similar to Italys Decameron, uses a frame device / Strength of spirit & personality In a dark, troubled age, he was a comfortable optimist, serene, full of faith. (John Gardner) Slide 14 As we read / Keep in mind that it has been said that Chaucer defends one true virtuecharity the good mans willingness to give the benefit of the doubt, to find some nobility in even the most wretched & deplorable of people. Do you believe this is true? Slide 15 Pilgrimage / Religious journey made to a shrine or a holy place / Pilgrims = many stations & many stages in life / CT begins pilgrimage in spring = why symbolic? / Religious journey made to a shrine or a holy place / Pilgrims = many stations & many stages in life / CT begins pilgrimage in spring = why symbolic? Slide 16 Murder of Beckett / Friend of King Henry / Named Archbishop as means to control the Church / Murdered by Kings men when he defied Kings authority / Friend of King Henry / Named Archbishop as means to control the Church / Murdered by Kings men when he defied Kings authority Slide 17 Pilgrimage to Canterbury / Beckett was very popular / Quickly made a saint / Homage at his tomb Slide 18 Frame Tale / Over twenty characters traveling together to Canterbury / Inns Host challenges them to each tell a story on the way to Canterbury / The best story wins a free dinner / Premise provides a frame within which to hear the stories. / Over twenty characters traveling together to Canterbury / Inns Host challenges them to each tell a story on the way to Canterbury / The best story wins a free dinner / Premise provides a frame within which to hear the stories. Slide 19 Frame Story / Includes # of different narratives / Outer story (pilgrimage) unites travelers individual tales (inner stories) / Tales themselves have thematic unity / Includes # of different narratives / Outer story (pilgrimage) unites travelers individual tales (inner stories) / Tales themselves have thematic unity