Freshwater and Saltwater Aquariums By Jenessa Gjeltema

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Freshwater and Saltwater Aquariums By Jenessa Gjeltema Slide 2 Choose Your Aquarium Type The specific aquarium setup will depend upon the requirements of the species you choose. Slide 3 Choose Your Aquarium Type Slide 4 Slide 5 Slide 6 Basic Needs Appropriate enclosure/housing Nutrition Hygiene Enrichment Slide 7 Enclosure Components Tank Stand/Canopy Lid/condenser Lights Temperature Control Environmental Enrichment Filtration Location Water Quality Slide 8 Enclosure Components: Tank Consider: Size Shape Materials Convenience Aesthetics Slide 9 Enclosure Components: Tank Slide 10 Enclosure Components: Lid/Condenser Why? Keeps fish from jumping out Prevents evaporation Protects lights Slide 11 Enclosure Components: Lighting Why? Plant Growth Coral Growth Visualizing the Fish Fish health Slide 12 Enclosure Components: Lighting Considerations: Fixtures Ballast Wavelength Light Intensity Reflectors Photoperiod (12 hours) Slide 13 Enclosure Components: Temperature Regulation How? Heaters Chillers Fans Ventilation Slide 14 Enclosure Components: Environmental Enrichment Why? Evasion Breeding Quality of life Express Personality Slide 15 Enclosure Components: Environmental Enrichment Types: Wood Rocks Substrate Plants Slide 16 Enclosure Components: Plants Why? Oxygenation Waste removal Protection Slide 17 Filtration Systems Filtration: MechanicalBiologicalChemical Types:Wool, spongeCeramics, sponges, rocks (SURFACE AREA!!) Charcoal, zeolite Purpose:Remove large particulate waste Removes fish waste products Removes odors, discoloration, toxins, and some waste products Slide 18 Filtration Systems Considerations Tank size Stocking capacity Water flow Breeding Aeration Slide 19 Filtration Systems Slide 20 Slide 21 Protein Skimmer: Removes organic material from marine systems Slide 22 Filtration Systems Underground filter: biological and mechanical Slide 23 Enclosure Components: Location Avoid: windows/direct sunlight drafty doors or fireplaces vibrations/sharp noises Slide 24 Water Composition: Water Testing Slide 25 Water Composition: Stock Water Know what is in your stock water Test periodically Alternatives available Test for: Chlorines Copper pH Hardness Slide 26 Water Composition: Testing Fresh Water: pH Ammonia Nitrite Nitrate Salt Water: Salinity Other: Phosphate Calcium Strontium Slide 27 Water Quality: Nitrogen Cycle badmanstropicalfish.com (originally from www.hagen.com) Slide 28 Water Quality: Nitrogen Cycle www.cichlid-forum.com Slide 29 Water Quality: Cycling A New Tank Purpose: grow bacteria for nitrogen cycle Takes 4-6 weeks Tips: Seed the tank Monitor values closely Avoid water changes Can achieve without fish Slide 30 Water Changes Why? Dilutes waste products Corrects pH imbalances Can reduce algae growth Slide 31 Performing Water Changes Regular water changes 2% every 2 days 4% every week 20% a month Slide 32 Adding Fish: Acclimation Temperature Water composition Environmental factors How: 15-30 min. for temperature 15 minutes for water composition Slide 33 Nutrition Dry: Flakes Pellets Sticks Floating Sinking Wafers Seaweed Live/Frozen: Blood Worms Daphnia Brine Shrimp Feeder fish Plants Slide 34 Nutrition Know your fish Observe mouth Use dry food as staple Supplement with fresh/frozen foods Do not overfeed Picture from Jeremy Gays The Perfect Aquarium Slide 35 Maintenance Daily: Feed Monitor Lighting Weekly: Replace evaporation Water testing Clean algae Empty protein skimmer Slide 36 Maintenance Monthly: Charcoal replacement Plant maintenance Electrical Inspection 6 mos. To Yearly: Change light bulbs Slide 37 Additional Considerations Personal Safety Euthanasia Environmental Impact Veterinary Care Slide 38 References Axelrod, Herbert. Handbook of Tropical Aquarium Fishes. Neptune City: TFH Publications. 1983. Borneman, Eric. Aquarium Corals: Selection, Husbandry, and Natural History. Neptune City: T.H.F. Publications. 2001. Fenner, Robert M. The Conscientious Marine Aquarist. Neptune city: T.F.H Publications. 2001. Gay, Jeremy. The Perfect Aquarium: The Complete Guide to Setting Up and Maintaining an Aquarium. New York: Reader s Digest. 2005. Hawkins, A.D. Aquarium Systems. London: Academic Press. 1981 Slide 39 References Hemdal, Jay F. Aquarium Fish Breeding. New York: Barron s. 2003. Hiscock, Peter. Encyclopedia of Aquarium Plants. New York: Barron s. 2003 Sandford, Gina. The Tropical Aquarium. New York: Barron s. 2004. Stoskopf, Michael. Fish Medicine. Philadelphia: W.B. Sauders Co. 1993. Tullock, John. Water Chemistry for the Marine Aquarium. New York: Barron s. 2002. Slide 40 Special Thank You to: Fish World and Aqua Pros Slide 41 Thank You! Questions? If you would like to learn more about fish (as well as coral and amphibian) husbandry, please contact me at jlgjelte@ncsu.edu. jlgjelte@ncsu.edu I can help you get some hands-on experience!