founding fathers

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  • Get a sheet of paper and title it, The Founding FathersWrite down the Learning Target for the day:

    I can recognize the contributions of the Founding Fathers during the American Revolution.

    On the same paper, you will copy the Quick Check questions and write your answer.

    YOU DO NOT NEED TO TAKE NOTES ON THE SLIDES.

    *This lesson studies important people in the revolutionary period of American history. There are three main categories of revolutionaries; those who agitated for revolution, those who fought for revolution, and those who founded a new nation after victory. Many of these founders can be placed in more than one category. Some in only one. Ask students think about each category as they review the information about the founding fathers.

  • The Founding Fathers

    *This lesson studies important people in the revolutionary period of American history. There are three main categories of revolutionaries; those who agitated for revolution, those who fought for revolution, and those who founded a new nation after victory. Many of these founders can be placed in more than one category. Some in only one. Ask students think about each category as they review the information about the founding fathers.

  • George WashingtonLeadership QualitiesTall, commanding presenceSymbol of American virtueCharismatic warrior and politicianAbigail Adams said, He has the dignity which forbids familiarity mixed with an easy affability which creates love and reverence.

    *One of the objectives of this lesson on Founding Fathers is to look at the qualities of different leaders of the revolution. This slide uses primary source material to briefly describe Washingtons character.Ask students to study the portrait and make inferences about the artists depiction of Washingtons character.

  • George Washington

    Height differencesThe average man was 56 (Mrs. Bermudezs height with 3 inch heels).

    George Washington was 64 (Cpl. Brantleys height).

    Think about this height difference. This is part of the reason why Washington had a commanding presence!

    *One of the objectives of this lesson on Founding Fathers is to look at the qualities of different leaders of the revolution. This slide uses primary source material to briefly describe Washingtons character.Ask students to study the portrait and make inferences about the artists depiction of Washingtons character.

  • ...continuedPublic LifeLand surveyorEarly military experienceVirginia House of BurgessesDelegate to the Continental CongressCommander in chief of Continental ArmyPresiding officer of the Constitutional ConventionFirst US president and Father of His Country

    *Another objective of the lesson is to study the background of the individuals who led the independence movement.

    On this slide students may see paintings of Washington during different periods of his life. The earliest picture is the one in the red vest, painted when he was in the Virginia Militia serving on the frontier in the French and Indian War.

  • QUICK CHECK #1!

    Where was George Washington born and raised?

    *Another objective of the lesson is to study the background of the individuals who led the independence movement.

    On this slide students may see paintings of Washington during different periods of his life. The earliest picture is the one in the red vest, painted when he was in the Virginia Militia serving on the frontier in the French and Indian War.

  • Thomas PaineImmigrated to colonies shortly before RevolutionWrote Common Sense, a call to revolution, in 1776Wrote ideas of revolution in simple language for all to understandHis pamphlet, The Crisis, inspired the army to fight.

    These are the times that try mens souls.

    *One of the earliest colonials to protest British policies, Paine wrote a pamphlet, Common Sense, calling colonists to revolt. It inspired many Americans to support revolution. Paine joined the army but soon quit. He was neither a part of the revolution itself nor of the settlement afterwards.

  • QUICK CHECK #2!

    Thomas Paines pamphlet, The Crisis, served what purpose?

    *Another objective of the lesson is to study the background of the individuals who led the independence movement.

    On this slide students may see paintings of Washington during different periods of his life. The earliest picture is the one in the red vest, painted when he was in the Virginia Militia serving on the frontier in the French and Indian War.

  • Thomas JeffersonA Renaissance ManPolitical philosopherArchitectMusicianBook collectorScientistHorticulturistDiplomat & LinguistInventorPoliticianReferred to his years as president as splendid misery.

    Author of the Declaration of Independence

    *Information on this slide can be compared with information about Washington. Both were Virginians who owned plantations and slaves. However, Washington was from the Tidewater and Jefferson from the Piedmont . The lands of Tidewater Virginia were flat and fertile and productive. The Piedmont was less fertile and hilly. Therefore, Tidewater planters tended to be wealthier than those in the Piedmont.As a political philosopher and writer, Jefferson was asked to write a declaration of independence. In it he set forth new ideas based on the philosophy of John Locke. Those ideas stressed that all people were born with natural rights to life, liberty, and property.Jefferson returned to home and served as Governor of Virginia during the Revolution. As governor, he was not actively engaged in the fight for independence.After the war he spent several years in Paris as US envoy to France.

  • Jeffersons TombstoneHere was buriedThomas JeffersonAuthor of the Declaration of IndependenceOf the Statute of Virginia for Religious FreedomAnd Father of the University of Virginiaand not one word more.

    *Jefferson wrote his own tombstone inscription. He added and not one word more. Ask students to look back at Jeffersons accomplishments and list those he omitted.

  • QUICK CHECK #3!

    What ideas from the Enlightenment period (John Locke) inspired Thomas Jeffersons words in the Declaration of Independence?

    *Another objective of the lesson is to study the background of the individuals who led the independence movement.

    On this slide students may see paintings of Washington during different periods of his life. The earliest picture is the one in the red vest, painted when he was in the Virginia Militia serving on the frontier in the French and Indian War.

  • Benjamin FranklinAs a printer he established the Pennsylvania Gazette and wrote Poor Richards AlmanackInvented the lightning rod, Franklin stove, and bifocal glassesAn accomplished musician, he played the violin, harp, and guitarAs a scientist he was interested in electricity and the weather

    *Students may compare the talents of Franklin and Jefferson. Both were writers, inventors, muscians, diplomats, and scientists.

  • continuedFranklin was essential to the French forming an alliance with the American colonists in the Revolution.

    As a statesman and diplomat he signed all four important documents of the Revolutionary era:Declaration of IndependenceAlliance with FranceTreaty of ParisUS Constitution

    *The inset picture is from his newspaper and visually show what would happen if the colonies did not unite in their revolt against the British. Franklin signed the Declaration of Independence and negotiated the Treaty of Paris in 1783. He served as the US representative to France for several years and was a favorite of the French court and of the Parisian ladies. Franklin was the oldest delegate to the Constitutional Convention.

  • Quick Check #4Ben Franklin played a key role in getting ____________ to form an alliance with the colonies.

    *Students may compare the talents of Franklin and Jefferson. Both were writers, inventors, muscians, diplomats, and scientists.

  • Samuel AdamsMajor early leader of the American Revolution:Led protest against Stamp ActFounded the Sons of LibertyOrganized the Boston Tea PartyServed in the Continental CongressSigned the Declaration of Independence

    *Adams organized the early movement for revolution in Massachusetts. The Intolerable Acts were aimed specifically at the colony of Massachusetts and disrupted their economy as well as their colonial government. It was logical that the early movement for separation from the British Empire would begin there. After the early phase of the revolt in Massachusetts, Adams had no important role in the ongoing revolution and the settlement with the British.

  • Quick Check #5What famous protest did Sam Adams organize?

    *Adams organized the early movement for revolution in Massachusetts. The Intolerable Acts were aimed specifically at the colony of Massachusetts and disrupted their economy as well as their colonial government. It was logical that the early movement for separation from the British Empire would begin there. After the early phase of the revolt in Massachusetts, Adams had no important role in the ongoing revolution and the settlement with the British.

  • Alexander HamiltonAide-de-camp to WashingtonExperience at Valley Forge brought him to feel that a strong central government was neededAt the Annapolis Convention he drafted a call for the Constitutional Convention where he made the longest speechCo-authored with Madison the Federalist PapersStates rights issue divided Madison and Hamilton

    *Hamilton had key roles in the American Revolution, the Annapolis Convention, the Constitutional Convention, and served as the first Secretary of the Treasury. During the first years of the new nation he came to disagree with Jefferson