Focus Questions – 1/9/06 1.How did humans migrate to the Americas? How did they survive? 2.Why did Europeans want to colonize the Americas? List 4 reasons.

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Focus Questions 1/9/06 1.How did humans migrate to the Americas? How did they survive? 2.Why did Europeans want to colonize the Americas? List 4 reasons. 3.What differences existed between the Northern and Southern colonies? 4.Why did France and Britain go to war? 5.What were the results of that war? </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> Focus Questions 1/16/07 1.What is mercantilism? 2.Describe the three parts of the Navigation Acts. 3. How did the British government practice salutary neglect? 4.Why were Enlightenment ideas important? 5.What was the Great Awakening? </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> Documentary Analysis You are to complete the following when watching the documentary: For each section: 1. Write at least one complete sentence stating the main ideas of the section. 2. Write at least one complete sentence describing something new that you learned from the section that you previously did not know. </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> Section 4: Conflicts in the Colonies </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> I. War with the Natives A. King Philips War </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> II.The French and Indian War </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> III. Pontiacs Rebellion </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> IV. Proclamation of 1763 </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> Constructing an Argument 1. Compare and contrast the colonial regions of America. 2. Compare and contrast the three colonial regions of America by examining their political, economic, and social similarities and differences. 3. Compare and contrast the three colonial regions of America (New England, Middle colonies, Southern colonies) by examining their political, economic, and social similarities and differences. </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Focus Questions 1/17/07 1.Explain the causes and the effects of King Philips War. 2.How did the British view and attitude toward the colonies change after the French and Indian War? 3.Who was Pontiac and why did he lead a rebellion against the British? How was the Proclamation of 1763 connected to this rebellion? </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> Essay Prompt Compare and contrast the three colonial regions of America by examining their political, economic, and social similarities and differences </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> Evaluating an Outline Does the thesis statement make an argument? (How or Why?) Is the outline complete? Are the body paragraphs supporting the thesis? Is there an attention to detail in the body paragraphs? </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> Essay DOs and DONTs DO write legibly. DO include a topic sentence for each body paragraph. DO balance your argument DONT abbreviate common words and phrases (b/c, w/o, govt, +...) DONT write in the first person </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> Focus Questions 1/18/07 1. Who wrote this account? 2. According to the author who is provoking fights in the streets of Boston? (2 nd paragraph) 3. Why did the author deploy troops to protect the customs house? (3 rd paragraph) 4. What happened after the troops arrived? 5. Why did the author surrender himself? 6. Answer #2 on the bottom of the paper. </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> Section 5: Revolution and the Early Republic </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> I. Colonies Resist Britain A. British Restrictions 1. Sugar Act (1764) 2. Stamp Act (1765) 3. Townshend Acts (1767)....... Taxation without Representation! </li> <li> Slide 17 </li> <li> Slide 18 </li> <li> B. Boston Massacre </li> <li> Slide 19 </li> <li> Boston Massacre October 1, 1768: British regulars arrived in Boston, MA to maintain order and enforce the taxes the colonists were asked to pay after the French and Indian War, such as the Townshend Acts </li> <li> Slide 20 </li> <li> Boston Massacre March 5, 1770: The Twenty-Ninth Regiment came to the relief of the soldiers on duty at the Customs House. They were met by an unruly gang of civilians, many of them drunk after having left a local tavern. </li> <li> Slide 21 </li> <li> Boston Massacre It was dark, and the crowd threw snowballs, ice balls, horse manure, and anything else lying on the street at the soldiers. The crowd also taunted the soldiers by yelling and calling them names. </li> <li> Slide 22 </li> <li> Boston Massacre Captain Preston could not control the crowd as they taunted the soldiers. He ordered his troops "Dont fire!" but with the commotion the troops fired and killed three men instantly; another two died later. The first man to die was Crispus Attucks, a black man </li> <li> Slide 23 </li> <li> Boston Massacre This was not a massacre in the sense that a lot of people died -- only five died. The funerals of the dead were great patriotic demonstrations </li> <li> Slide 24 </li> <li> C. Boston Tea Party </li> <li> Slide 25 </li> <li> II. Road to Revolution A. Fighting Breaks Out </li> <li> Slide 26 </li> <li> B. Declaration of Independence </li> <li> Slide 27 </li> <li> S.M.A.R.T. Document Analysis S Source (Identify author, title, date of source) M Main Ideas/Points (made in the document, minimum of 2 per page) A Authors Views/Opinions (What are they and how do they affect his writing?) R Relevance (to understanding history) T Theme (overall message or point) </li> <li> Slide 28 </li> <li> Unit 1 Vocabulary: Part 1 (Define and use in a sentence.) 1.Columbian Exchange 2.indentured servant 3.royal colony 4.proprietor 5.Mercantilism 6.Conquistador 7.joint-stock company 8.Republic 9.Triangular Trade 10.federalist 11.boycott 12.social contract 13.natural rights 14.ratification 15.checks and balances </li> <li> Slide 29 </li> <li> Focus Questions 1/22/07 1.Identify four laws passed in Britain that directly affected American colonists. 2.How did the colonists respond to these laws? List two forms of response. 3.What does taxation without representation mean? 4.How did Britain react to the Boston Tea Party? 5.Describe the contents of the Declaration of Independence. </li> <li> Slide 30 </li> <li> III. War for Independence (American Revolutionary War) A. The War Begins </li> <li> Slide 31 </li> <li> B. Winning the War </li> <li> Slide 32 </li> <li> C. War as a Symbol of Liberty </li> <li> Slide 33 </li> <li> Focus Questions 1/23/07 1.Describe the results of the Battle of Bunker Hill. 2.Identify the two sides of the conflict. 3.Explain the importance of the Continentals victory at Saratoga. 4.Were the colonies truly egalitarian? Explain. 5.Who wrote Common Sense and what effect did it have? </li> <li> Slide 34 </li> <li> Essay Concerns 1. Follow the guidelines/rubric -At least 2 sentences for introduction and conclusion. -Topic sentence for each body paragraph. (Ex.The economic part of life played an important role in the success of each colonial region.) 2. Prove your thesis -Discuss each part of your proof in depth 3. Verb tense - be consistent </li> <li> Slide 35 </li> <li> IV. Plans for New Government A. State Constitutions 1. Basic rights 2. Separation of powers 3. Voting 4. Qualification for Office </li> <li> Slide 36 </li> <li> B. Articles of Confederation 1. Government Structure 2. Powers 3. Accomplishments </li> <li> Slide 37 </li> <li> Articles of Confederation Articles of Confederation, was the basic law of the country from its adoption in 1781 until 1789, when it was superseded by the U.S. Constitution. When the founding fathers wrote up the Articles they wanted to avoid the tyranny that they had under British rule. As a result of this fear, they created a central (national) government that had very limited powers. This way, they thought, the government could not become so strong that it would abuse its power as the King had done </li> <li> Slide 38 </li> <li> Strengths The Congress, or central government, made up of delegates chosen by the states, was given the power to: conduct foreign affairs make treaties, declare war maintain an army and a navy coin money establish post offices. </li> <li> Slide 39 </li> <li> Weaknesses The government was unicameral, meaning it had only one house or legislative body. Each State had one vote. There was no executive branch so there was no President. There was also no judicial branch because it was expected that the states would judge lawbreakers. </li> <li> Slide 40 </li> <li> Weaknesses It could not raise money by collecting taxes; it had to ask for money from the states who were under no obligation to give the money. it had no control over foreign commerce it could not regulate trade between the states and dates were free to tax each other. it could pass laws but could not force the states to comply with them. Thus, the government was dependent on the willingness of the various states to carry out its measures, and often the states refused to cooperate. it could not draft soldiers and had to ask the states to provide them willingly. In addition, the articles were virtually impossible to amend, so problems could not be corrected. </li> <li> Slide 41 </li> <li> Slide 42 </li> <li> C. Rejection of the Articles Why? Problems: 1. Financial 2. Foreign 3. Domestic Shays Rebellion </li> <li> Slide 43 </li> <li> D. Creating the Constitution 1. Compromises a. Great b. Three- Fifths (3/5) </li> <li> Slide 44 </li> <li> 2. Separation of Powers </li> <li> Slide 45 </li> <li> 3. Ratification of the Constitution Federalists v. Anti-Federalists </li> <li> Slide 46 </li> <li> 4. Bill of Rights </li> <li> Slide 47 </li> <li> 5. A Living Document </li> <li> Slide 48 </li> <li> Comparative Timeline Activity Objective: You are to create a timeline of early America containing three strands. 1. Identify and describe 10 important dates for each of the following sections (use your notes first and then the book): A. America is Colonized (p 38-60)-Chpt 1 B. Colonies Come of Age (p 66-86)-Ch. 1 C. Independence (p 94-117) Chapt. 2 2. Create three separate parallel timelines using the dates and descriptions from #1. </li> <li> Slide 49 </li> <li> Practice Question The first enduring settlement in the colonies was established by: A. John Smith in Virginia B. Puritans in New England C. Anglican clergymen in Pennsylvania D. Dutch in New Netherland </li> <li> Slide 50 </li> <li> Focus Questions 1/24/07 1.The first government of the US was based on what document? Why did it fail? 2.Explain the Great Compromise. 3.What is separation of powers? Why is it necessary? 4.How is the Constitution a living document? </li> <li> Slide 51 </li> <li> Practice Question The system of checks and balances is best illustrated by the power of: a. Congress to censure one of its members b. A governor to call out the National Guard to stop a riot c. State and federal governments levying taxes d. Congress to approve of the Presidents appointments to the Supreme Court </li> <li> Slide 52 </li> <li> Section 6: The New Government at Work </li> <li> Slide 53 </li> <li> I. The New Government in Action A. Washington as President </li> <li> Slide 54 </li> <li> B. Hamilton &amp; Jefferson Two Conflicting Visions </li> <li> Slide 55 </li> <li> C. The Two Party System Federalists Democratic-Republicans </li> <li> Slide 56 </li> <li> D. The Whiskey Rebellion </li> <li> Slide 57 </li> <li> E. Foreign Affairs </li> <li> Slide 58 </li> <li> F. John Adams as President </li> <li> Slide 59 </li> <li> Focus Questions 1/25/07 1.Compare and contrast the views of Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton. 2.George Washington rejected the opportunity to run for re-election in 1796. Why do you think he rejected this opportunity? 3. Explain the major recommendations issued by Washington in his Farewell Address. 4. Identify the major events that occurred during John Adams presidency. </li> <li> Slide 60 </li> <li> Practice Question In the 1780s, all of the following contributed to dissatisfaction with the Articles of Confederation EXCEPT: a. a farmers revolt in Massachusetts b. worthless paper money printed by many states c. states refusing to assist the national government in raising operational funds d. high taxes levied by the national government </li> <li> Slide 61 </li> <li> II. The Jeffersonian Era A. Simplifying the Government </li> <li> Slide 62 </li> <li> B. The Louisiana Purchase (p 187) </li> <li> Slide 63 </li> <li> C. Lewis and Clark </li> <li> Slide 64 </li> <li> III. The Supreme Court A. Judiciary Act of 1789 B. John Marshall C. Marbury v. Madison (1803) Judicial review </li> <li> Slide 65 </li> <li> A to Z Review Exercise Create a list of terms related to the unit we are studying (1492-1803). The list is to be created as follows: Identify one important term, person, or event for each letter in the alphabet: (ex. A-Articles of Confederation) For those letters that you cannot find a term, you may compensate by using other letters more than once. *You do not have to describe each term. </li> <li> Slide 66 </li> <li> Practice Quiz 1. Identify three rebellions we discussed. 2. Compare and contrast the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution. 3. List and describe the duties of the three branches of the government. 4. Explain the causes and effects of the two major conflicts we studied. 5. Identify the first three presidents and the major events occurring in their time in office </li> <li> Slide 67 </li> <li> Focus Questions 1/13/06 1.How is the Constitution a living document? 2.Identify the cabinet departments and their leaders under George Washington. 3.Name the two dominant political parties in the late 1700s. 4.Explain Washingtons foreign policy recommendations for future presidents. </li> <li> Slide 68 </li> <li> Visual Sources http://www.dailypress.com/extras/solutions/images/SOL011502.gif http://dc-mrg.english.ucsb.edu/WarnerTeach/E172/images/Boston.tea.party.1746.jpg http://russell.gresham.k12.or.us/Colonial_America/+graphics/pictures/lexington http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/images/trumbull.jpg http://www.cr.nps.gov/museum/exhibits/revwar/inde/headers/indetheatersmap.jp http://www.petersburg-va.org/revwar/cannon250.gif http://www2.lhric.org/pocantico/revolution/libertybell.JPG http://www.dailypress.com/extras/solutions/images/SOLhamilton2.gif http://www.constitutioncenter.org/timeline/flash/assets/asset_upload_file755_11927.jpg http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/constitution-day/images/signers-mural.jpg http://www.socialstudieshelp.com/Images/ChksBalnces.gif http://mandatemedia.typepad.com/photos/uncategorized/bill_of_rights.jpg http://archives.cnn.com/2000/books/reviews/12/12/review.real.white.house/george.washington.jpg http://www.liberty1.org/george2.gif http://www.applewoodbooks.com/catalog/images/covers/94543.jpg http://www.classbrain.com/artbiographies/uploads/john-adams.jpg </li> </ul>

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