fm 3-05.30 psychological operations.pdf

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FM 3-05.30 Psychological Operations

TRANSCRIPT

FM 3-05.30

MCRP 3-40.6

Psychological Operations

April 2005DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Distribution authorized to U.S. Government agencies and their contractors only to protect technical or operational information from automatic dissemination under the International Exchange Program or by other means. This determination was made on 15 December 2004. Other requests for this document must be referred to Commander, United States Army John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School, ATTN: AOJK-DTD-PO, Fort Bragg, NC 28310-5000. DESTRUCTION NOTICE: Destroy by any method that will prevent disclosure of contents or reconstruction of the document.

Headquarters, Department of the Army

*FM 3-05.30 MCRP 3-40.6Field Manual No. 3-05.30 Headquarters Department of the Army Washington, DC, 15 April 2005

Psychological OperationsContentsPage

PREFACE .................................................................................................................. v Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS .....................................1-1 Overview .................................................................................................................1-1 Mission of PSYOP ...................................................................................................1-2 Roles of PSYOP ......................................................................................................1-3 Policies and Strategies ............................................................................................1-4 PSYOP Core Tasks ................................................................................................1-5 Command Authority of PSYOP Forces ...................................................................1-6 PSYOP Approval Authorities ...................................................................................1-6 Special Considerations ...........................................................................................1-9 Chapter 2 PSYOP MISSION AND INSTRUMENTS OF NATIONAL POWER .......................2-1 PSYOP in Support of Diplomatic Measures ............................................................2-1 PSYOP in Support of Information Measures ..........................................................2-2 PSYOP in Support of Military Operations ...............................................................2-3 PSYOP in Support of Economic Measures .............................................................2-5

DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Distribution authorized to U.S. Government agencies and their contractors only to protect technical or operational information from automatic dissemination under the International Exchange Program or by other means. This determination was made on 15 December 2004. Other requests for this document must be referred to Commander, United States Army John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School, ATTN: AOJK-DTD-PO, Fort Bragg, NC 28310-5000. Destruction Notice: Destroy by any method that will prevent disclosure of contents or reconstruction of the document. Marine Corps distribution: PCN 14300012700

*This publication supersedes FM 3-05.30, 19 June 2000.

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Chapter 3

ORGANIZATION, FUNCTION, AND CAPABILITIES ............................................ 3-1 PSYOP Group ........................................................................................................ 3-1 Headquarters and Headquarters Company ............................................................ 3-2 Regional PSYOP Battalion ..................................................................................... 3-3 Tactical PSYOP Battalion ....................................................................................... 3-6 Dissemination Battalion ........................................................................................ 3-10

Chapter 4

COMMAND AND CONTROL ................................................................................. 4-1 General ................................................................................................................... 4-1 United States Special Operations Command ......................................................... 4-3 United States Army Special Operations Command ............................................... 4-5 United States Army Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations Command ........... 4-7 Theater Special Operations Command .................................................................. 4-7 Psychological Operations Task Force .................................................................... 4-7 Deployment ............................................................................................................. 4-9 Multinational Operations ....................................................................................... 4-10 Interagency Coordination ...................................................................................... 4-10 Liaison and Coordination Operations ................................................................... 4-11

Chapter 5

MISSION PLANNING AND TARGETING .............................................................. 5-1 Planning .................................................................................................................. 5-1 Seven Steps of the MDMP ..................................................................................... 5-5 Planning in a Time-Constrained Environment ...................................................... 5-15 PSYOP in the Targeting Process ......................................................................... 5-16 Training ................................................................................................................. 5-18 Specific Planning Considerations ......................................................................... 5-18 Essential Planning Documents ............................................................................. 5-20

Chapter 6

EMPLOYMENT ...................................................................................................... 6-1 Psychological Operations Process ......................................................................... 6-1 Psychological Operations Assessment Team ........................................................ 6-4 Task Force ............................................................................................................. 6-8 Communications ................................................................................................... 6-12 Reachback ............................................................................................................ 6-16

Chapter 7

INFORMATION OPERATIONS ............................................................................. 7-1 General ................................................................................................................... 7-1 PSYOP and Information Operations ....................................................................... 7-2

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Organization and Functions ....................................................................................7-2 Information Operations Support to the POTF or PSE .............................................7-5 Information Operations Agencies ............................................................................7-5 Chapter 8 INTELLIGENCE SUPPORT ...................................................................................8-1 Intelligence Requirements ......................................................................................8-1 PSYOP and the IPB Process ..................................................................................8-3 Propaganda Analysis and Counterpropaganda ......................................................8-4 Advising ...................................................................................................................8-7 Countering ...............................................................................................................8-7 Organic Capabilities ................................................................................................8-7 Nonorganic Intelligence Support ...........................................................................8-10 Chapter 9 SUPPORT AND SUSTAINMENT ...........................................................................9-1 Concept ...................................................................................................................9-1 Planning ..................................................................................................................9-3 Statement of Requirement ......................................................................................9-3 Support Relationships .............................................................................................9-5 Appendix A Appendix B Appendix C Appendix D CATEGORIES OF PRODUCTS BY SOURCE ...................................................... A-1 PSYOP SUPPORT TO INTERNMENT/RESETTLEMENT OPERATIONS .......... B-1 RULES OF ENGAGEMENT .................................................................................. C-1 DIGITIZATION OF PSYOP ASSETS .................................................................... D-1 GLOSSARY ............................................................................................... Glossary-1 BIBLIOGRAPHY ................................................................................... Bibliography-1 INDEX .............................................................................................................

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