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Table of Contents:General Woodwind Information:Body Alignment Breathing Diaphragm Intercostals Muscles Additional anatomy Sticky pads Causes Pad paper 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6

Flute Information:Parts of the Flute Assembly Proper alignment Care Tuning stick/head cork Hand position Left Hand Right Hand Balance Points Embouchure and Tone Production Troubleshooting including parallel relationships Use of air Articulation Single tongue Double tongue Tripple tongue Range of the flute and piccolo How is piccolo different from flute? Fingerings Correct fingerings Common errors Use of Thumb Bb Piccolo 11 French vs Plateau Keys Plated vs Solid Silver Metal vs wood piccolos Intonation tendencies Range Dynamic leve Exterior Temperature 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 9 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 1

Instructions to a beginning flutist in detail Curved head joints Advantages Disadvantages Vibrato Teaching Brands High School Professional Method Books Beginner Intermediate Advanced Solos Beginner Intermediate Advanced Ensemble Beginner Intermediate Advanced Handouts Flute Topics Study guide Orchestration Handout Flute Glossary Flute Fingering Chart Trill Chart Flute Playing Requirements Interval Exercise Gariboli Etude Flute Production Quiz Flute Quiz Flute Final

11 11 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 13 13 13 13

Clarinet Information:Assembly and parts Register key Bridge key Care and Cleaning Tone Production Starting a beginner Common problems and solutions Embouchure Reeds 14 14 14 14 15 15 15 16 16

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Tuning Intonation tendencies Articulation Double tonguing Fingerings Registers of the clarinet Clarinet Family Members Vibrato and its use Methods Beginner Intermediate Advanced 17 Solos Beginner Intermediate Advanced Ensemble Beginner Intermediate Advanced Handouts A New Register Orchestration Handout (Two pages) Clarinet Equipment Information Tone Handout Embouchure (Two pages) Clarinet Fingering Chart Clarinet Checklist Common Clarinet Accessories Clarinet Tone Production Quiz Clarinet Playing Final Clarinet Final

16 16 16 16 16 16 16 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17

Saxamaphone Information:Saxophone Family Members Inventor Boehm System Care and maintenance Assembly Neck straps Hand position Basic 18 18 18 18 20 20 20 20 20

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Embouchure Basic Tone Production Starting a Beginner Common problems and solutions Tonguing Vibrato Teaching Intonation Dynamics Range Temperature Octave key Thumb position When to use Range of the saxophone Name of range above high F Palm keys Side keys Fingering Bb fingerings Reeds Jazz mouthpieces and reeds Saxophone selection Doubling Methods Solo Ensemble Handouts 22

20 20 21 21 21 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23

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General Woodwind Information:Body Alignment have the students stand up and center their weight over the feet. They should be able to push up on their toes without rocking forward or back at all. then have the students sit as if they are still standing from the waist up. Breathing Inhalation s controlled by the diaphragm, a membrane like muscle that separates your thorasic cavity from your abdominal cavity. The diaphragm is dome shape and flattens upon inhalation. When your lungs fill with air your abdominal muscles push forward to make room, this is what you see when your stomach sticks out when you inhale. Your rib cage is moved by the intercostals muscles, which are attached to your ribs, for the same reason your abdominals move, to make more room. When exhaling, the majority of your air will come from the abdominal region when that runs out you should most likely take another breath, while leaving the rib area for support if possible. Diaphragm- diaphragm is a shelf of muscle extending across the bottom of the ribcage. The diaphragm separates the thoracic cavity (with lung and heart) from the abdominal cavity (with liver, stomach, intestines, etc.). In its relaxed state, the diaphragm is shaped like a dome. It is controlled by the phrenic nerve.1 Intercostals Muscles- Intercostals muscles are several groups of muscles that run between the ribs and help form and move the chest wall. Additional anatomy2

Sticky pads Causes mineral build up on the pads Pad paper sticky pads can be fixed by replacing the pads sticky pads can be fixed by using dollar bill to gently rub the pads sticky pads can be fixed by using cigarette paper to gently rub the pads o make sure you dont get the cigarette paper with the gummed edges sticky pads can be fixed by using pad paper to gently rub the pads

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thoracic_diaphragm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intercostal_muscles

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Flute Information:Parts of the Flute Embouchure hole (Blow hole) Embouchure plate Head Joint Middle Joint Tone Holes Foot Joint Support and its correct usage: Support is the equal opposing forces. it is not possible to under or over support the air stream while playing the flute because there is no apposing force, but it is possible to over or under blow. Assembly: 1. Open your case right side up. 2. Put the head joint into the middle joint with a gentle twisting motion. Twist both the head joint and the middle joint in the same direction. a. Never place your hand on and twist the embouchure plate b. Never place your hand on and twist the keys on the body. 3. Line up the embouchure hole with the center of the tone holes. 4. Hold the assemble head and middle joints and gently twist on the foot joint. Twist both the head joint and the middle joint in the same direction. a. Never place your hand on and twist the keys on the body. b. It is best to hold the foot joint near the end where there are no keys. c. You can hold the foot joint on the naturally closed keys, but be careful not to apply too much pressure and cause damage. 5. Line up the foot joint so the rod is centered with the tone holes a. This placement can be altered slightly depending on the students hands. Care: Always swab instrument after playing Key savers are acceptable, but should be stored outside the flute Keeping moist key saver in the flute doesnt help Sticky pads can be cleaned with pad paper Sticky pads can be cleaned with a dollar bill Sticky pads can be cleaned with alcohol, but is only recommended in emergencies, and never prolonged usage. Prolonged usage can cause the pads to dry out. Sticky pads can be cleaned with cigarette paper, but make sure you get the kind without the gummed edges. Gummed edges can cause the pads to stick more. Never make adjustments to the mechanism, professionals should be used for such adjustments. A non-treated cotton or silk mens handkerchief can be used in place of the store bought swabs. 6

Tuning stick/head cork Tuning stick should be included with all instruments when purchases or rented. Most student models will come with a plastic tuning rod. A wood tuning rod is recommended for the intermediate to professional instruments. The purpose of the tuning rod is to gauge proper placement of the head cork. If the head cork is in the proper location then the line on the tuning rod should be in the center of the blow hole. Hand position 1. Hand position needs to be solid to make sure the player is not pressing down the wrong keys 2. Good hand position will promote speed and dexterity as the player progresses. 3. The player should bring the flute to them; they should not move their head or upper body to meet the flute. o Moving the body or the head can cause tension o Moving the body or the head can cause long term muscle strain. Left hand 1. Start by having the students lift up their hands and observe the natural shape their hands make. 2. Have the students expand that shape, in their left hand and rest the body of the flute on the bottom knuckle of their pointer finger. a. The correct balance point should be somewhere between the first key hole and the first finger key. b. Left hand placement can be altered slightly to accommodate the size of the players hands. 3. Finger key placement a. The pointer finger should be placed on the first flat key on the body b. Skip one key and place the middle finger on the next key c. the ring finger goes next key d. and the pinky should be placed over long key protruding between forth and fifth key e. The thumb should be placed on the long thumb key which runs parallel to the flute mechanisms Right Hand 1. The end of the flute opposite the blow hole should be balanced on the right hand thumb. 2. Finger key placement a. The pointer finger should be placed two keys after the Right Hand. b. The middle and ring finger should be placed on the two keys immediately following the pointer. c. The pinky key should be placed on the long keys on the foot joint. 3. Dont lean the flute on the rite index finger. 7

Balance & Balance Points Special care should be made to balance the flute on the left pointer and right thumb. Incorrect balance can cause muscle pain. Incorrect balance can reduce dexterity. Embouchure and tone production: Common Embouchure Problems: 1. The flute is too rolled out. o The tone will be airy o have the student think about using the poh syllable o have the student think about focusing the air stream 2. The embouchure is not centered over the blow hole o the tone will be airy o it may be difficult to notice attack and articulation o have the student center their embouchure over the blow hole 3. Overbite o the student will have a hard time producing any tone o have the student think about blowing up o Have the student thing about bringing their lower jaw in if possible. 4. The flute is not parallel to the ground o the tone will be airy o have the student bring end of the flute up and parallel to the floor. o make sure the students embouchure is parrall to the flute as well o have the students think about having a pencil in

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