Flexible Cost Effective BMS Design - Amazon S3s3. Cost Effective BMS Design ... • PLC systems are more versatile and powerful than ... BMS [Compatibility Mode]

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<ul><li><p>Flexible Cost Effective BMS DesignFlexibleCostEffectiveBMSDesignUsingSafetyPLC</p><p>Bruce DarlingBruceDarlingThermalEconomyOliveBranch,MS</p><p>Ph:9017557070email:bdarling@thermaleconomy.com</p></li><li><p>DISCLAIMER/TERMSOFUSE:</p><p>THE INFORMATION PROVIDED HEREIN IS PROVIDED AS A GENERAL REFERENCE REGARDING THE USE OFTHEINFORMATIONPROVIDEDHEREINISPROVIDEDAS AGENERAL REFERENCE REGARDINGTHEUSEOFTHEAPPLICABLEPRODUCTSINGENERICAPPLICATIONS.THISINFORMATIONISPROVIDEDWITHOUTWARRANTY.ITISYOURRESPONSIBILITYTOENSURETHATYOUAREUSINGALLMENTIONEDPRODUCTSPROPERLYINYOURSPECIFICAPPLICATION.ALTHOUGHTHISPRESENTATIONSTRIVESTOMAINTAINACCURATE AND RELEVANT INFORMATION, THERE IS NO OFFICIAL GUARANTEE THAT THE INFORMATIONACCURATEANDRELEVANTINFORMATION,THEREISNOOFFICIALGUARANTEETHATTHEINFORMATIONPROVIDEDHEREINISACCURATE.IFYOUUSETHEINFORMATIONPROVIDEDHEREININYOURSPECIFICAPPLICATION,PLEASEDOUBLECHECKITSAPPLICABILITYANDBEADVISEDTHATYOUAREUSINGTHISINFORMATIONATYOUROWNRISK.THEPURCHASEROFTHEPRODUCTMUSTCONFIRMTHESUITABILITYOFTHEPRODUCTFORTHEINTENDEDUSE,ANDASSUMEALLRISKANDLIABILITYINCONNECTIONWITHTHEUSE.</p></li><li><p>Topics CoveredTopicsCovered</p><p> ThePurposeofBurnerManagementSystems(BMS)p g y ( ) BriefHistoryofBurnerManagement Rules,Regulations,BestPractices CurrentDesignsofBurnerManagementSystems AdvantagesofPLCBasedBurnerManagementSystems AdvantagesofUsingSafetyPLCsVersusStandardPLCs. UsingSafetyPLCsforBurnerManagementSystems</p></li><li><p>WhyHaveaBurnerManagementy gSystem?</p></li><li><p>ThePurposeofaBurnerManagementSystem</p><p> ProtectPersonnel ProtectBoilers,Furnaces,Kilns,etcfromdamage. ProtectBuildingsandSurroundings AREALpotentialforsteamorfuelexplosionsexists.</p><p>WithproperBurnerManagementSolutionsexplosionscanstilloccur,butfewerareoccurringthaninthepast.</p><p>Note: Burner Management Systems do not protectNote:BurnerManagementSystemsdonotprotectagainstfuel/airratioupsets,orsomefeedwatersupplyrelatedexplosions.</p></li><li><p>Where are BMS Systems UsedWhereareBMSSystemsUsed</p><p> Any fuel fired equipment: regardless of typeAnyfuelfiredequipment:regardlessoftypeoffuel:coal,naturalgas,biomass,fueloil Boilers: water tube fire tube flex tube other Boilers:watertube,firetube,flextube,otherboilerdesigns</p><p> Rotary Kilns: drying various materials aggregatesRotaryKilns:dryingvariousmaterials,aggregates FurnacesandOvensFlares Flares</p></li><li><p>Burner Management EvolutionBurnerManagementEvolution</p><p> OriginalBurnerManagementSystems,O g a u e a age e t Syste s,CompletelyManual.LOPLighttheBurner,Observe,andPray</p><p> Explosionsorinjurieswerenotuncommon. FlameScannersrevolutionizedburnermanagement.</p><p> Earlysystemsusedflamescannersandrelays. Nextevolution:electronicsystemscombinedtimers,relays,andflamescanners/amplifiers</p></li><li><p>NonProgrammableBMSControlsHoneywellRA890 Fireye70D40</p><p>1960sVintageFireye</p><p>10</p></li><li><p>The Early YearsTheEarlyYears</p><p>Non Programmable HardwareNonProgrammableHardware</p><p>i ll d h i Fireye,Honeywell,andothercompaniesdevelopedsimpleflamesafeguardsystems. Minimalinformationregardingburnershutdowns Simpleimplementationofburnermanagementlogic.</p><p> Verylimitedcapabilityandflexibility</p></li><li><p>Microprocessor Burner ManagementMicroprocessorBurnerManagement</p><p> Fireye,Honeywell,andothercompaniesdevelopedmicroprocessorbasedversionsoftheoriginal hardwareoriginalhardware</p><p> Moreinformationwasavailableviadisplaymodules regarding shutdowns and the sequencemodulesregardingshutdownsandthesequenceofeventsthantheearlierhardware</p><p> Thesesystemswere/aremostsuccessfulinthefi b b il kfiretubeboilermarket</p><p> Thesesystemsarestillusedtoday</p></li><li><p>Microprocessor Based BMSMicroprocessorBasedBMS</p><p>EquippedwithDisplayq pp p y</p></li><li><p>ProgrammableLogicController(PLC)dBasedBMS</p><p> PLCsoriginallywereconsideredrelayandtimerCs o g a y e e co s de ed e ay a d t ereplacers</p><p> PLCsystemsaremoreversatileandpowerfulthany prelaybasedsystemsandmicroprossor systems.Earlysystemsusedlights,pushbuttons,selector</p><p>it h f th t t lswitchesfortheoperatorcontrol. CurrentPLCbasedsystemsincludehumanmachine interfaces (HMI) and communicationsmachineinterfaces(HMI)andcommunicationscapabilities.TheHMIprovidestheoperatorinterface.</p></li><li><p>PLC vs. Microprocessor BMSPLCvs.MicroprocessorBMS</p><p>Microprocessor BMS such as Fireye andMicroprocessorBMSsuchasFireyeandHoneywell</p><p> Limited flexibility Limitedflexibility Notappropriateformultiburnersystems Singleflamescanner Limitedinformationregardingstatusandg gshutdowns</p><p> Communications can be cumbersomeCommunicationscanbecumbersome</p></li><li><p>ProgrammableLogicController(PLC)dBasedBMS</p><p> PLC BMS Provide Tremendous FlexibilityPLCBMSProvideTremendousFlexibility ExtensiveCommunicationsCapabilitySi l d l ib C bili SingleandMultiburnerCapability</p><p> MoreInformationandDiagnosticsCapability(ifprogrammedintothePLC)</p><p> EasiertoTroubleshoot VariousFlameScannersMayBeUsed</p></li><li><p>EarlyVintagePLCSystemUsingh d hOperatorLightsandSwitches</p></li><li><p>Rules, Regulations, Best PracticesRules,Regulations,BestPractices</p><p> NFPA,U.L.,FactoryMutual, , y NFPA85Boilers</p></li><li><p>PLC Burner Management SystemsPLCBurnerManagementSystems</p><p> Implementation is strictly governed by NFPAImplementationisstrictlygovernedbyNFPA ImplementationofthePLClogicandtheotherequipment such as watch dog timers andequipmentsuchaswatchdogtimersandrelaysiscrucialforasafesystem.</p><p>SIL i b ff d b i SILratingscanbeaffectedbyimproperimplementationofthehardwiredportionofh b ( l )theburnermanagementsystem(relaysetc).</p><p> TheBMSsystemdesigniscritical!!!!!!</p></li><li><p>BMS Safety Key Design FeaturesBMSSafetyKeyDesignFeatures</p><p> DesignFeaturescanbeeitherimplementedviaes g eatu es ca be e t e p e e ted asoftware,hardwireddesign,orinternalPLCarchitectureandinternalsoftware(safetyPLC) ComplieswithNFPArequirements MFTandotherhardwiredshutdownI t h ki l i Inputcheckinglogic</p><p> Redundancyforfuelvalvecircuits Watch Dog Timers or other methods WatchDogTimers,orothermethods Systemsfailtoasafestate.Generallyvalvesandnotherdevicesaredeenergized</p></li><li><p>Other Design FeaturesOtherDesignFeatures</p><p> Easy to operate. Intuitive design.Easytooperate.Intuitivedesign. Sufficientalarmandshutdowninformationisprovided to the operator.providedtotheoperator.</p><p> Systemisdesignedforenvironmentalconditions, NEMA 4/12/4X, classifiedconditions,NEMA4/12/4X,classifiedenvironments</p><p> Design for electrical loads. Breakers andDesignforelectricalloads.Breakersandfuses.Protectsfielddevicessuchasvalves.</p><p> Diagnostic information to aid troubleshooting.Diagnosticinformationtoaidtroubleshooting.</p></li><li><p>StatusOfSafetySwitchesCanBeCheckedh i iFromTheBurnerLimitsScreen</p></li><li><p>Other BMS Design ConsiderationsOtherBMSDesignConsiderations</p><p> Communications to other systems DCSCommunicationstoothersystems DCS,buildingautomationssystems</p><p> Remote monitoring and alarming Remotemonitoringandalarming Historicalinformation trips,runtime Easyretrofittoexistingequipment</p></li><li><p>Dont Be FooledDon tBeFooled</p><p> Go with the Big Boys Use majorGowiththe BigBoys Usemajormanufacturerhardwareandsoftware</p><p>A id Off B d PLC h d AvoidOffBrandPLChardware AvoidOffBrandHMIsoftware</p><p> AllPLCsandHMIsbecomeObsolete UpgradePathisimportant</p><p> SupportandService Dontbeshackledtothesystemsuppliery pp</p></li><li><p>The Advantages Of Safety PLCsTheAdvantagesOfSafetyPLCs</p><p> ReliableandprovensafetylogicforPLCinputsandp y g poutputs. Assuredthatthecriticalinputcheckinglogicisdesignedand operates correctlyandoperatescorrectly</p><p> Assuredthatthesafetyoutputstothesafetyvalvesareoperatingcorrectly.Outputsareconstantlytestedtoverifyh h f il dtheyhavenotfailed.</p><p> SafetyPLCLogicandhardwaredevelopedbyexperts With proper implementation the BMS system exceeds WithproperimplementationtheBMSsystemexceedsNFPArequirements</p><p> Programsecurityandintegritymemorycardg y g y y</p></li><li><p>Safety PLC Advantages ContinuedSafetyPLCAdvantagesContinued</p><p> SafetyCodeispasswordprotectedy p p Programchangesareloggedandrecorded SILintegritycanbeachieved.SILiscoming.SIL2standard SIL 3 achievablestandard,SIL3achievable</p><p> Thesystemisflexible.Applicabletoanyboiler,furnace,oven,orotherfiredequipmentq p</p><p> IntegrateswithotherPLCsystemsforcommunication CompatiblewithstandardoperatorHMIs</p><p> SafetyPLCHardwareatastandardPLCprice</p></li><li><p>Summary of Key BMS FeaturesSummaryofKeyBMSFeatures</p><p> Properhardwarechoiceope a d a e c o ce SafetyPLCprovidesmaximumprotection</p><p> Properimplementationp p CorrectlyimplementthePLCsoftware CorrectlydesignthehardwiredportionoftheBMS</p><p>l d d hMFT,RelayRedundancy,WatchDogTimer</p><p> Substantialoperatinganddiagnosticinformationfor the operator via an HMIfortheoperatorviaanHMI.</p><p> Flexiblesystem.Canberetrofittoexistingequipment Adapts to customer requirementsequipment.Adaptstocustomerrequirements.</p></li><li><p>TheNewStylei l iSimpleOperatorInstructions</p></li><li><p>PLCTransmitterRangesCanBeSetFromh iTheServiceScreen</p></li><li><p>Typical BurnersTypicalBurners</p></li><li><p>BruceDarlingThermalEconomyph 901 755 7070ph.9017557070</p><p>emailbdarling@thermaleconomy.com</p></li></ul>

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