first aid(fainting)

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Fainting unconsciousness

FaintingunconsciousnessFirst aid-first help

What is fainting?The medical term for fainting is syncope. Fainting is a sudden loss of consciousness, usually temporary and typically caused by a lack of oxygen in the brain. The brain oxygen deprivation has many possible causes, including hypotension (low blood pressure).

Causes of fainting It may be caused by malfunctioning lungs, problems with blood circulation, or carbon monoxide poisoning. Some people faint at the sight of blood, or when receiving an injection or seeing somebody having one. Children sometimes play a game (fainting game) in which they deliberately restrict blood flow to the brain in order to trigger syncope - this is dangerous and may cause brain damage, and even death.

symptomsA feeling of heaviness in the legsBlurred visionConfusionFeeling warm or hotLight headedness, dizziness, a floating feelingNauseaSweatingVomitingYawning.

Signs to recognizeThe individual may be falling over.The patient may be slumping.The person may be unusually pale.There may be a drop in blood pressure.There may be a weak pulse.

How to diagnose?Its not easy differentiate a simple fainting from something serious like stroke. So fainting or unconsciousness should not be taken lightly. So if any symptom strikes you and indicates you fainting conditions you must first try to help yourself and then ask some one elses help. if you notice someone fainting you should help the person. So the steps to perform first aid are-;KnowObserveActsure

If you feel faintDont stay standing up. Find somewhere to either sit or lie down.If you manage to sit down place your head between your knees.When you do get up do so slowly.

If you see somebody faintingPlace the patient on his/her back, facing upIf the individual is breathing raise their legs about 12 inches above heart level to restore blood flow to the brainTry to loosen all belts, ties, collars and restrictive clothingIf they remain unconscious for more than a minute put the patient in recovery position and get emergency medical helpCheck for breathing, coughing or movement. If you cannot detect any, start CPR. Continue giving CPR until either help arrives or the patient starts breathing on her/his own.If the individual was injured and is bleeding after the fall, apply direct pressure to control the bleeding.

What should you avoidPour water over the head of unconscious person.Putting the victims head on pillow may obstruct breathing.Give food or drink to an unconscious person.Providing alcohol to a person who is recovering from swoon, as it may worsen the situation.

When should you take the person to hospital?When the patient has stopped breathing or heartbeat has stopped.The individual does not gain consciousness quickly.If the individual is pregnant.If the individual is over 50 years of age.If the patient has diabetes.When the faints are frequent.When there are visual disturbances, inability to move, loss of speech, or chest discomfort.

preventionGet your blood sugar and salt levels up.Keep coolGet hydrated with just plain waterLie down and dont get up quickly.Control your breathing Avoid your triggers

Thank you Efforts by : aagman saini

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