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2015 IBM Corporation

ASCOSIM - 5 Forum Nazionale - Aprile 2015

FINance & TECHnology Robo-advisors and Goal-based Investing

Paolo SironiIBM Risk Analytics

Director Wealth Management Risk Analytics and Thought Leadership

2015 IBM Corporation

Agenda of todays presentation

What do we know today about FinTechs and robo-advisors?

Are robo-advisors truly disruptive?

How do we see the future of robo-advisors?

u

v

w

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FINancial TECHnology

FinTechs focus on the digitalisation of the financial system:

Lending: LendingClub, Kabbage, OnDeck, Borro, Kreditech, Funding Circle, Wonga, Nimble, [] Transactions & Payments: Klarna, Square, Stripe, PayNearMe, TransferWise, SumUp, [] Research & Big Data: Yodlee, Kredit Karma, [] Private Equity & Venture Capital: CircleUp, Our Crowd, AngelList, [] Investments & Advise (robo-advisors): Wealthfront, LearnVest, Betterment, Nutmeg, FutureAdvisor,

MoneyFarm, Vaamo, Jemstep, Wisebanyan, Money On Toast, Schwab Intelligent Portfolio, []

hINDEXING

REBALANCE

robo-advisors

ADVISE

MC INVEST

Some examples not exhaustive of industry reality

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Robo-advisors can be a disruptive global trendThe display order doesn't represent establishment date, quality nor business dimension

2015

2014

2013

20202030

2040

noticed

20122011

2010

matured

transformed

AUM 0.01%

venture capitalresearchconferences

+100% AUM

from robo-advisorsto robo-4-advisorsand GBI

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Robo-advisors are expected to grow fast.Source MyPrivateBanking: Robo-advisors: threats and opportunities for the global wealth management industry" (2014).

Source Wealthfront: comparison of AUM growth versus Charles Schwab.

2015 IBM Corporation

RT6

Are robo-advisors

truly disruptive?

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Sustaining and Disruptive Innovation

1.Rate of improvement a client can absorb and a variability around [Retail, UHNW]

2.Sustaining innovation makes better products with higher prices for high end customers, until extra value cant be priced up [HI-FI, personal advise]

3.Disruptive innovation introduces simplified and less expensive products/services, to appeal to new or less-demanding customers[iPod, robo-advisors]

4.Higher margins and more demanding customers once products gain foothold, improvement cycle restarts [iPad, robo-4-advisors, GBI planning]

time

perfo

rman

ce

sustaining innovation

disruptive innovation

innovation customers can

absorb

range of innovation customers can

absorb

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Who feels threatened? Not only humans

Platforms and custodians

Human AdvisorsActive managers(not so active )

Mutual Funds and Index ETF

w automation of portfolios (Indexing 2.0)w transaction costs are approaching zerow tax harvesting can be maximised.

w personalised smart-beta and rule-based algorithms (Indexing 3.0).

w Millenials are more digital and social than Baby Boomers.

w All-In-One Vertically integrated Platforms and the shift to robo-4-advisors

The next generation of advisors will focus more on adding value in financial planning (gamma) rather than investment management (alpha).

Only true active managers will be capable to differentiate.

h h JIndexing 2.0 Indexing 3.0 Robo-advisors Robo-4-advisors

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What is the future of robo-advisers?

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From disruption to sustained growth

Robo 4

Advisors

Robo Advisors

Jdisruptive innovation

sustaining innovation

Investment Design for Wealth Managers

by Nobel Price Robert C. Merton: The Crisis in Retirement Planning (HBR, 2014).The customer needs worry about three things only: her retirement income goals, how much she is prepared to contribute from her current income, and how long she plans to work. The only feedback she needs from her plan provider is her probability of achieving her income goals.

Goal Based

Investing

2015 IBM Corporation

A true goal-based approach for asset allocation

11

A Exp. Return 4.5% paVolatility 20% pa

Exp. Return 5.5% pa

Volatility 30% paB

20%

40% 60%

80%

100%0%

20%

40% 60%

80%

100%0%

Probability

Probability

Equity EU

Equity US

Treasury EU

Treasury US

Cash

Equity JP

Equity EU

Equity US

Treasury EU

Treasury US

Cash

Equity JP

Advancedgoal-based Investing

Model Portfolios

loss goal

loss goal

All robo-advisors ask to state your age, your financial goal and your risk tolerance but they use Modern Portfolio Theory which is not goal-based.

2015 IBM Corporation 12

paolo.sironi@de.ibm.com

de.linkedin.com/in/paolosironipso

@thepsironi

www.amazon.com/Paolo-Sironi/e/B00TLMSSA2

www.riskbooks.com/modern-portfolio-management-from-markowitz-to-probabilistic-scenario-optimisation

Thank you Investment Design for Wealth Managers

Paolo Sironi - IBM Risk AnalyticsDirector Wealth Management Risk Analytics and Thought Leadership

Author of quantitative books on goal-based and long-term investing

mailto:paolo.sironi@de.ibm.comhttp://de.linkedin.com/in/paolosironipsohttp://www.amazon.com/Paolo-Sironi/e/B00TLMSSA2http://www.riskbooks.com/modern-portfolio-management-from-markowitz-to-probabilistic-scenario-optimisation