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  • Figurative LanguageMs. BrooksFebruary 2006

  • Figurative LanguageSymbolismImagerySimileMetaphorPersonificationHyperbole

  • SymbolismUnderstanding Images

  • What is Symbolism?Symbolism involves using a person, place, event, or object that suggests a deeper meaning than its literal meaning.

    A rose is a symbol for love and beauty.

  • Symbols are everywhere.What do these symbols mean?

  • What do these symbols represent?freedomcouragepeacedangerlove

  • What symbol could represent these qualities?happinessstrengthbravery

  • Symbolism in MusicI was in a tunnel And couldn't see the light And whenever I'd look up I couldn't see the sky Sometimes when I'm standin' It seems like I done walked for miles And my heart could be cryin' Dead in the middle of a smile

    But then I climbed the hills And saw the mountains I hollered help 'cause I was lost Then I felt the strong wind Heard a small voice sayin'

    The storm is over (The storm is over now) And I can see the sunshine (Somewhere beyond the clouds) I feel Heaven, yeah (Heaven is over me) Come on and set me free, whoa

    Now in the midst of my battle All hope was gone Downtown in a rushed crowd And felt all alone And every now and then I felt like I would lose my mind I've been racin' for years And still no finish line, oh "The Storm Is Over Now" ~ R. Kelly

  • Symbolism in LiteratureTwo roads diverged in a yellow wood, And sorry I could not travel both And be one traveler, long I stood And looked down one as far as I could To where it bent in the undergrowth. Then took the other, as just as fair, And having perhaps the better claim, Because it was grassy and wanted wear; Though as for that the passing there Had worn them really about the same. And both that morning equally lay In leaves no step had trodden black. Oh, I kept the first for another day! Yet knowing how way leads on to way, I doubted if I should ever come back. I shall be telling this with a sigh Somewhere ages and ages hence: Two roads diverged in a wood, and I-- I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference. ~ Robert FrostThe Road Not Taken

  • What have you learned?1.Symbols are used to represent a concept or idea that may be different than the actual meaning.a. trueb. false

    2.A rocking horse could be considered a symbol for what event.a. a football gamec. a baby showerb. a horse raced. a wedding

  • ImageryA Feast for the Senses

  • What Is Imagery?Imagery is language that appeals to the sensessight, hearing, touch, taste, and smell.

  • Examples of ImagerySightFor a brief second, a spike of lightning illuminated the dark purple clouds. HearingA faint buzz of voices came from behind the closed door.TouchThe wool jacket felt prickly against her fingers.TasteThe sweet yet tart taste of the apple juice flooded his mouth.SmellThe sharp aroma of pine needles filled the air.

  • Imagery and DescriptionImagery allows a writer to create vivid descriptions ofsettingscharactersgestures and actionsThe earth appeared to tremble as the stampeding horses hooves pounded into the ground. The rumble gradually faded as the horses passed by, a slow moving blur of brown and white.

  • Imagery and EmotionWriters often use imagery to inspire emotion in a reader.The muted pat-pat of the rain was a gentle background to the murmuring voices in the kitchen. Though the windows were dark, the soft yellow glow of the lamp made the room cheery.

  • Can you find the imagery?The StormIn fury and terrorthe tempest broke,it tore up the pineand shattered the oak,yet the hummingbird hoveredwithin the hoursipping clear rainfrom a trumpet flower.~ Elizabeth Coatsworth

  • What Have You Learned?1.Imagery is language that appeals to the senses.a. trueb. false

    2.Which of these words would appeal to a persons sense of taste?a. fuzzyc. bitterb. smoothd. loud

    3.The scarf was warm and scratchy appeals to the sense of a. smellc. sightb. touchd. hearing

  • Figures of SpeechWhat Do You See?

  • What Do You See?In the water, Mark was a dolphin.

  • What Is a Figure of Speech?A figure of speech is a word or phrase that describes one thing in terms of something else and is not literally true.

  • Understanding Figures of SpeechWhen you read a figure of speech, use what you know about one thing to help you understand more about the other.In the water, Mark was a dolphin.

  • Kinds of Figures of Speech Four kinds of figures of speech aresimilesmetaphorspersonificationhyperbole

  • What Are Similes? Similes are comparisons between two unlike things, using a word such as like, as, than, or resembles.

    Phoebe ran like a cheetah.

  • Similes in MusicJust Like a PillRun just as fast as I can To the middle of nowhere To the middle of my frustrated fears And I swear you're just like a pill Instead of makin' me better,You keep makin' me ill You keep makin' me ill ~ Pink

  • What Are Metaphors?Metaphors are comparisons between two unlike things in which one thing becomes another thing.A metaphor says that one thing is something else.A metaphor does not use the words like, as, than, or resembles.

    The dogs bark was thunder.

  • What Is Personification?Personification is a special kind of metaphor in which a nonhuman thing or quality is talked about as if it were human.The couch called to me.

  • What Is Hyperbole?Hyperbole is an extreme exaggeration. Im so hungry I could eat a horse.Hes as big as a house.The sun baked me.Hes so tall he can touch the clouds.

  • Identify the type of figure of speech used in each of the following items. 1. The headlights were glowing eyes.2. The clouds rippled like the ocean.3. The breeze kissed my cheek and sang softly.4. Im sweating to death.5. The volcano crater was a dragons mouth. 6. The car was as red as a ripe tomato. What Have You Learned?Simile Personification Hyperbole MetaphorMetaphorPersonificationMetaphorSimileSimileHyperbole


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