figurative language - mr. hernandez figurative language take notes! what is figurative language

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  • Figurative Language

    Take Notes!

  • What is figurative language?

    Words and phrases that communicate meanings beyond the literal meanings of words.

  • Onomatopoeia

    A sound that

    imitates the

    word it


    Example: The

    man whispered.

  • Simile A comparison between two things or ideas that uses “like” or “as.”

    Example: He was as round as a tire.

  • Metaphor

    A comparison in which one thing becomes another

    “Life is a roller coaster.”

  • Alliteration

    Repetition of sounds at the beginning of words.

  • Personification

    Giving human-like qualities to something that is not human

    Example: The wind sang through the air.

  • Tone

    Tone is the attitude a writer takes toward a subject or situation.

    (Example: How your mother feels about her broken lamp)

    (How the writer feels)

  • Mood

    The mood is the feeling or atmosphere the writer creates for the reader.

    (Example: How you react to your mother’s reaction)

    (How you feel)

  • Flashback

    When an

    author refers

    back to

    something that


    earlier in the


  • Foreshadowing

    When an author “hints” at something to come.

  • Irony The expression of one’s meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, usually for humorous effect.

  • Situational Irony

    When something happens that is very different than what was expected. Also called “irony of events.”

  • Dramatic Irony

    When the audience knows something the characters don’t.

  • Verbal Irony

    A person says or writes one thing and means another, or uses words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of the literal meaning.

  • Pun

    The humorous use of a word or phrase so as to emphasize or suggest its different meanings or applications

    Romeo (to Mercutio): I dream'd a dream to-night. Mercutio: And so did I. Romeo: Well what was yours? Mercutio: That dreamers often lie.

  • Hyperbole

    Exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.

  • Oxymoron

    Contradictory terms appear right next to each other

    “It was his only choice.”

    “Can you make me an

    original copy?”

    “I love eating jumbo shrimp!”


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