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  • CANADAFACTS AND FIGURES

    Immig r an t Ove r v i ew Pe rmanen t Re s i den t s

    2014

  • Produced by

    Research and Evaluation Branch Citizenship and Immigration Canada

    Internet: www.cic.gc.ca

    For online copies please visit: www.cic.gc.ca/english/resources/statistics/menu-fact.asp

    All rights reserved. No part of this information (publication or product) may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, or stored in a retrieval system, without prior written permission of the Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S5 or copyright.droitdauteur@pwgsc.gc.ca. Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, represented by the Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada, 2015. ISSN: 2368-9714 Ref. No.: D1-2015

    Aussi disponible en franais sous le titre Faits et chiffres 2014 : Aperu de limmigration Rsidents permanents

    http://www.cic.gc.ca/http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/resources/statistics/menu-fact.aspmailto:copyright.droitdauteur@pwgsc.gc.ca

  • i

    Table of contents

    Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................... ii

    Permanent residents ....................................................................................................................................................... 1

    Canada Permanent residents by gender and category, 1989 to 2014 ....................................................................... 4

    Canada Permanent residents by category ................................................................................................................. 6 Canada Male permanent residents by category ..................................................................................................... 8 Canada Female permanent residents by category ............................................................................................... 10

    Canada Permanent residents by category (principal applicants) ............................................................................. 12

    Canada Permanent residents by category (spouses and dependants).................................................................... 14

    Canada Permanent residents less than 15 years of age by gender, age and category ........................................... 16

    Canada Permanent residents by gender and age, 2014 .......................................................................................... 18

    Canada Permanent residents 15 years of age or older by age and category .......................................................... 19 Canada Male permanent residents 15 years of age or older by age and category ............................................. 20 Canada Female permanent residents 15 years of age or older by age and category ......................................... 21

    Canada Permanent residents by gender and source area ....................................................................................... 22

    Canada Permanent residents by category and source area .................................................................................... 24

    Canada Permanent residents by age and source area ............................................................................................ 26

    Canada Permanent residents by source country ...................................................................................................... 29

    Canada Permanent residents by province or territory and urban area ..................................................................... 32

    Canada Permanent residents by province or territory and urban area (contd) ....................................................... 34

    Canada Permanent residents by province or territory and category ........................................................................ 36

    Canada Permanent residents by province or territory and language ability ............................................................. 38

    Canada Permanent residents by province or territory and source area ................................................................... 40

    Canada Permanent residents by province or territory and source area (contd) ...................................................... 42

    Canada Permanent residents 15 years of age or older by gender and marital status ............................................. 45

    Canada Permanent residents by category and language ability .............................................................................. 46

    Canada Permanent residents by top languages reported as mother tongue ........................................................... 48

    Canada Permanent residents by labour market intention, occupation and skill level .............................................. 50

    Canada Skilled workers 15 years of age or older intending to work by gender and occupational skill level (principal applicants) .................................................................................................................................................................... 52

    Glossary of terms and concepts .................................................................................................................................. 53

    List of figures

    Canada Permanent residents, 1860 to 2014 .............................................................................................................. 2

    Canada Permanent residents as a percentage of Canadas population, 1860 to 2014 ............................................. 3

    Canada Permanent residents by category, 1989 to 2014 .......................................................................................... 4

    Canada Permanent residents by category and source area, 2014 .......................................................................... 23

    Canada Permanent residents by category and source area, 2014 (showing percentage distribution) .................... 23

    Canada Permanent residents by age and source area, 2014 .................................................................................. 28

    Canada Permanent residents by top source countries, 2011-2014 ......................................................................... 28

    Canada Permanent residents by province or territory and source area, 2014 ......................................................... 44

    Canada Permanent residents 15 years of age or older by gender and marital status, 2014 ................................... 44

    Canada Permanent residents by category and language ability, 2014 (showing percentage distribution) .............. 46

  • ii

    Foreword

    A key mandate of the Research and Evaluation Branch, Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) is the dissemination of immigration data. With its annual publication, Facts and Figures: Immigration OverviewPermanent Residents, CIC provides a broad range of statistical information on admissions to Canada.

    Facts and Figures 2014: Immigration OverviewPermanent Residents presents the annual intake of permanent residents by category of immigration from 1990 to 2014. The main body of the publication consists of a series of statistical tables and charts covering the ten-year period from 2005 to 2014. The report depicts selected characteristics for permanent residents.

    All statistical information provided in this publication is derived from CICs administrative data files where transactions with the department are recorded.

    The statistics for admission of permanent residents are provided for the three main categories of immigrationfamily class, economic immigrants and refugeesas well as for other immigrants who do not qualify in any of these categories.

    For information on Citizenship and Immigration Canada, its priorities and activities, publications and reports, as well as application guides and forms, visit the CIC Web site at www.cic.gc.ca.

    The numbers appearing in this report for the period prior to 2014 may differ from those reported in earlier publications. These differences reflect adjustments to CICs administrative data files that normally occur over time.

    http://www.cic.gc.ca/

  • Permanent residents

    Facts and Figures 2014 1

    Permanent residents

    Since 2002, Canadas immigration program has been based on the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) and its regulations. The IRPA replaces the Immigration Act of 1976 and defines three basic categories of permanent residents, which correspond to major program objectives: reuniting families, contributing to economic development and protecting refugees. Accordingly, statistical information in this section is presented for the main categories of permanent residents and refers to principal applicants and accompanying spouses and dependants (unless otherwise noted).

    The family class is comprised of foreign nationals sponsored by close relatives or family members in Canada and includes spouses and partners, dependent children, parents and grandparents.

    Economic immigrants are people selected for their skills and ability to contribute to Canadas economy, including skilled workers, business immigrants, provincial and territorial nominees, and live-in caregivers. The skilled worker component includes immigrants who are able to demonstrate their ability to enter the labour market and successfully establish in Canada by meeting selectio