facilitating learning

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How to facilitate learning in psychoeducational groups using a constructivists approach.

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Facilitating Learning in Psychoeducational GroupsDavid Barry, Psychoeducational Groups

What the participants learn is far more important than what the facilitator says or does.

Goal:

This presentation examines the learning process and how facilitators can promote learning in psychoeducational groups.Self-check:At the end of this presentation there is a short self-check review for participants.Facilitating Learning in Psychoeducational Groups

Lets start with a fundamental distinctionPromoting Learning in Psychoeducational Groups

What is Information?What is Knowledge?

Lets start with a fundamental distinctionPromoting Learning in Psychoeducational Groups

What is Information?What is Knowledge?FactsSystem of thoughtDataWisdomTheoriesIntegration of conceptsRaw observationsAbility to use data, facts

Lets start with a fundamental distinctionPromoting Learning in Psychoeducational Groups

So information consists or external, objective facts and knowledge is how that information is internally organized and applied by the learner.

What is Information?What is Knowledge?FactsSystem of thoughtDataWisdomTheoriesIntegration of conceptsRaw observationsAbility to use data, facts

Lets start with a fundamental distinctionHow do we go from here

to here

Promoting Learning in Psychoeducational Groups

What is Information?What is Knowledge?FactsSystem of thoughtDataWisdomTheoriesIntegration of conceptsRaw observationsAbility to use data, facts

Lets start with a fundamental distinctionHow do we acquire knowledge?

Knowledge begins when learners begin to conceptually re-organize their experiences and adapt new ways of understanding their experiences.Promoting Learning in Psychoeducational Groups

What is Information?What is Knowledge?

Promoting Learning in Psychoeducational Groups

What is Information?What is Knowledge?How do learners adapt new ways of understanding their experiences?

Promoting Learning in Psychoeducational Groups

What is Information?What is Knowledge? Two phases to this adaptation process?

1] Assimilation of new information or skills

2] Accommodation of that information or skills with existing concepts or skill sets.

Promoting Learning in Psychoeducational Groups

What is Information?What is Knowledge? Two phases to this adaptation process?

WHAT?

Promoting Learning in Psychoeducational GroupsBasically, learners first learn the new information or a skill and then reconstruct their mental schemes to accommodate the new information.

What is Information?What is Knowledge? Two phases to this adaptation process.

. Promoting Learning in Psychoeducational Groups

What is Information?What is Knowledge? This adaptation process is referred to as a Constructivist View of learning.

Basically, learners first learn the new information or a skill and then reconstruct their mental scheme to accommodate the new information

CONSTRUCTIVISTS VIEW OF LEARNINGQuestion:"How do we come to know what we know?

ResponseKnowledge is constructed in the mind of the learner.Promoting Learning in Psychoeducational Groups

What is Information?What is Knowledge?

CONSTRUCTIVISTS VIEW OF LEARNING

Promoting Learning in Psychoeducational Groups

What is Information?What is Knowledge?

Learners construct meaning and understanding.

This concept of learning then requires a shift in how we think of the facilitator as a teacher.

CONSTRUCTIVISTS VIEW OF LEARNING

Promoting Learning in Psychoeducational Groups

What is Information?What is Knowledge?

In psychoeducational groups the facilitator focuses less being someone who "teaches" and actively becomes someone who facilitates learning.

CONSTRUCTIVISTS VIEW OF LEARNING

Promoting Learning in Psychoeducational Groups

What is Information?What is Knowledge?

This constructivist approach then shifts from the time spent telling participants what to think, to the time spent asking them what they think.

Remember the two phases of the adaptive learning process.Promoting Learning in Psychoeducational Groups

What is Information?What is Knowledge? Two phases to this adaptation process?

1] Assimilation of new information or skills

2] Accommodation of that information or skills with existing concepts or skill sets.

How can the facilitator help learners adapt new ways of understanding within this Constructivist View of learning? The real learning begins when the participants start doing most of the talking!Promoting Learning in Psychoeducational Groups

Facilitating Using a Constructivists Approach In the Assimilation Phase the facilitator:Presents new information or demonstrates skillLeads a guided discussionGenerates a list with participant inputPresents a story or scenario and asks for participant observationsProvides handouts, printed materials or video about topic

Facilitating Using a Constructivists Approach In the Accommodation Phase the facilitator:Asks participants for examples of how the new information or skills can be usedHas participants demonstrate skill of discuss informationGives participants chance to review their understanding of new informationHas participants develop a story or scenario involving new skill\informationProvides a class assignment for the next session

How can the facilitator help learners adapt new ways of understanding within this Constructivist View of learning? The real learning begins when the participants start doing most of the talking!

How about a five question self-check to see if you have been able to integrate this information into your concepts about facilitating psychoeducational groups.Self-check

Self-checkPromoting Learning in Psychoeducational Groups1] What are the two phases of the adaptive learning process?A] Listening and thinkingB] Inspection and reflectionC] Assimilation and accommodationD] Passive and active

Self-checkPromoting Learning in Psychoeducational Groups1] What are the two phases of the adaptive learning process?C] Assimilation and accommodationGreat! Lets go on to the next question.

Self-checkPromoting Learning in Psychoeducational Groups2] Which statement best defines the Constructivist View of the learning process?A] Learning is an independent activity that is more dependent on the learner rather than the teacher,B] Learners first learn the new information or a skill and then reconstruct their mental scheme.C] Knowledge is built from the accumulation of atomic facts.D] The teacher needs to construe meaning to the information presented.

Self-checkPromoting Learning in Psychoeducational GroupsGreat! Lets go on to the next question.2] Which statement best defines the Constructivist View of the learning process?B] Learners first learn the new information or a skill and then reconstruct their mental scheme.

Self-checkPromoting Learning in Psychoeducational Groups3] What are the implications of this Constructivist View for facilitating psychoeducational groups?A] Facilitation is based more on helping people learn than on just providing information.B] Facilitation is a two part process involving talking and listening.C] Facilitation also involves evaluating learner progress in very objective terms.D] Facilitation is more learner centered than fact centered.

Self-checkPromoting Learning in Psychoeducational GroupsGreat! Lets go on to the next question.3] What are the implications of this Constructivist View for facilitating psychoeducational groups?A] Facilitation is based more on helping people learn than on just providing information.

Self-checkPromoting Learning in Psychoeducational Groups4] Which statement best describes the facilitation skills in the assimilation versus accommodation phases of learning?A] The facilitator is more passive in the accommodation phase.B] In assimilation the facilitator helps provide information and in accommodation the facilitator helps participants integrate the information.C] This is a trick question, they are the same skills.D] In assimilation there is more responsibility on the facilitator and in accommodation more on the learner.

Self-checkPromoting Learning in Psychoeducational GroupsGreat! Lets go on to the next question.4] Which statement best describes the facilitation skills in the assimilation versus accommodation phases of learning?B] In assimilation the facilitator helps provide information and in accommodation the facilitator helps participants integrate the information.

Self-checkPromoting Learning in Psychoeducational Groups5] In what ways does this presentation resemble a constructivist approach to learning?A] There is useful information that can be applied to psychoeducational groups.B] Clear definitions were given that can be used to help design psychoeducational groups.C] How we use this information is up for us to construe.D] Information is first presented and then learners have a chance to integrate and apply the information.

Self-checkPromoting Learning in Psychoeducational GroupsGreat! You have successfully completed this presentation.5] In what ways does this presentation resemble a constructivist approach to learning?D] Information is first presented and then learners have a chance to integrate and apply the information.

This was a presentation focusing on Promoting Learning in Psychoeducational Groups.The takeaway messages for this presentation are:

1]What the participants learn is far more important than what the facilitator says or does.

2] The real learning begins when the participants are doing mo

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