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  • 1. Facets of HiroshimaDr. Ron KleinHiroshima Jogakuin University

2. Pre-war Nakajima-cho 3. August 6o As memorial ceremony?o As peace festival?o As local event? national event? international event? 4. Peace TowerMay, 1946 5. First anniversaryAug. 5-6, 1946A Peace Restoration FestivalA Hiroshima Citizens Rally for the Restorationof Peace was held on August 5 at what hadpreviously been the Gokoku Shrine. Exactly at8:15 on August 6, sirens were sounded all over thecity. Streetcars, buses and people all stoppedmoving and those in offices stood, leaving theirpens and abacuses on their desks, and paid silenttribute to the victims for one minute. 6. First anniversary-1946 7. Second AnniversaryAug. 6, 1947 April, 1947 - First Post-War Election: Shinso Hamai was elected mayor by popular vote. Mayor Hamai established the Hiroshima Peace Festival Association (Mayors Office, Chamber of Commerce, NHK Hiroshima) and decided to hold a Peace Festival on August 6 every year to demonstrate the Spirit of Hiroshima. (The generic name of this ceremony had been the Peace Memorial Ceremony since 1965. However, its name was changed to the Ceremony to Pray for Peace in 1968 and again to the Peace Memorial Ceremony in 1975. 8. Second AnniversaryAug. 6, 1947 City declared August 6 declared an official holiday Two main events: 1) Peace Ceremony and Memorial Service2) Peace Festival plus side-events Mayor rang Peace Bell brought from Etajima Naval Academy and read Peace Declaration Camphor trees planted; doves released Peace Festival sponsored costume parade, floats, stages for song and dance (Chamber of Commerce wanted a festive atmosphere to revive economy) 9. Mayor Hamai reads Peace Declaration 10. Note from Gen. MacArthur Aug 6, 1947The atomic bomb has given a new meaning towar. The suffering of Hiroshima serves as awarning to all people everywhere. That is to say,a warning that the ability to harness the power ofnature for war will quickly develop until we havethe power to annihilate humankind and destroyall its structures. Please God, do not let usignore this warning. 11. Emperor Showa Visits HiroshimaDecember, 1947 12. Third anniversaryAug. 6, 1948 Mayor Hamais Peace Declaration: We pray in sincerity that there may never be another Hiroshima in any part of the world, written on the Peace Tower in huge letters.