expository writing expository vs argument writing https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=trpphylkfc q
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Expository WritingExpository vs Argument Writinghttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tRpPHylKFCQ
Expository WritingThe How and Why of Writing
What is Expository Writing?Expository writing is defined as presenting reasons, explanations, or steps in a processInformational writingAn expository essay should follow a logical sequence and have three different main pointsLogic and coherence is the main focus of an expository essay
How is it different ?Expository writing does not tell a storyExpository writing does not persuade a reader but only gives facts and reasonsExpository writing can also give the steps of a process
Expository WritingIntroduction of an expository should include the main idea and what the essay is aboutThe three main reasons supporting this main idea should also be included in the introductionPay attention to the authors structure of article you read. If the author is writing in sequence, so should you. If the author is describing something, so should you.
Introductory Paragraph for Expository WritingAs with any essay, you must HOOK the reader. Pull apart the prompt to understand exactly what you are being asked to do. Next, include background information. Connect what the author has said and elaborate or explain it in a way that that you are helping someone who has no knowledge about the subject.Complete your introductory paragraph with your thesis statement (Topic + 3details).**Tip while reading text pay attention to the subtitles, they will give you ideas that could be your 3 details.
Introductory ParagraphThe introductory paragraph has 3 main parts:
Hook grabs reader attentionBackground information that helps the reader understand what you are writing aboutThesis statement What the author is saying in your own words with 3 details or examples
Expository writing contd.Paragraph two should introduce the first reason and give details to support the first reasonParagraph three should introduce the second reason and give details to support the second reasonParagraph four should introduce the third reason and give details to support the third reasonThe conclusion should re-state all the reasons
Outline for Expository
I. Introduction:A. Hook: The central idea for Monks The Words We Live By is _________B. Background information______________________________________C. Background information on topic_______________________________D. Background information on topic_______________________________ E. THESIS STATEMENT: Ex: The author wants the reader to know._______II. First Reason__________________________________________________A. Fact/ or example_________________________________________B. Detail__________________________________________________C. Explanation in your words (Example: This means)D. Sum- up statement_______________________________________III. Second Reason_______________________________________________A. Fact/or example_________________________________________B. Detail__________________________________________________C. Explanation in your own words (Example: The author makes the point)D. Sum- up statement_______________________________________IV. Third Reason_________________________________________________A. Fact/example___________________________________________B. Detail__________________________________________________C. Explanation in your own words (Example: One can infer.)D. Sum- up statementV. Conclusion: Re- state all reasons in conclusionClincher sentence- gives a summation of the above and a feeling about the whole essay. Use transition words, plan reasons in a logical order, make sure you re-state reasons in your conclusion.
Definition of Terms
Thesis Statement: The main idea of the whole essayTransition words: Words such as first, second, as a result, which make transitions easy in the essay.Main Ideas: Each paragraph should have a main point or ideaSupporting Details: Details support the main ideas
Re-Cap:Expository writing needs:
One topicReasons supporting that topicDetails supporting the reasonsA conclusion re-stating the reasonsTransition words Clear, concise, logical and informative language
Topic: How I Would Change the WorldRead the paragraph then think of 3 ways in which you could help change the world.Changing the world starts from ourselves. This is one way to change the world for the better. Do not ever think of change as instant because it would make us lazy; there is a process. For example, when you are urged to cheat on a test because you feel like you can not do it, resist the urge. Make a commitment to yourself to study more so that you will be prepared. Another way to change the world is to treat others like you want to be treated. You will feel better about yourself and your kindness may rub off on others around you. Last but not least, become a smart, creative, and diligent person that has something to offer to your fellow citizens. Do not hold back on your unique abilities that will inspire others to seek their highest potential. These things will help all of humanity and ultimately help us to change the world for the better. - Martin
Topic Ideas:Topic: No more drugs Details: addictive, hurts families, expensiveCure AidsDetails: epidemic, people are dying, world is unsafeCure CancerDetails: families are split apart, people die, it is a disease which affects all of usEquality among people/race/religionDetails: examples of race, religion etc.Stop pollutionDetails: water purity, ozone layer, fish die, people have respiratory diseasesAnimal AbuseDetails: animal testing, cruelty to animals, elephant poachingChild AbuseDetails: neglect, physical abuse, verbal abuseFamily ValuesDetails: immorality, adultery, faithfulnessEducationDetails: school grades, make school fun, scores, learn to read and writeCrimeDetails: gang warfare, drive by shooting, mafia, robberiesWorld HungerDetails: India- starving people, Africa, homeless and starving in AmericaGovernment DictatorsDetails: Hitler, Hussein, Mussolini
DetailsCan be descriptiveCan be factualCan be from personal experienceCan be anecdotes or how to solve something
Thesis statementBackground information on your three topicsI admire friends with great qualities. Three qualities I admire are: loyalty, honesty, a good sense of humor.
Paragraph 2Put main idea for paragraph 2 on the outlineAdd your detailsPersonal experiencesDescriptive details-describe experienceFacts about the topic-Short anecdotes
Paragraph 3Put your main idea on the outlineAdd your detailsPersonal experiencesDescription of how the topic works itself outExamples of the topic
Paragraph 4Add your main idea onto your outlineAdd your detailsPersonal examples of how the idea has been experienced by you in your lifeDescribe how the idea looks or what the person doesFacts
Conclusion Re-state all of your ideas in your conclusion. In other words, summarize your own words from your introductory paragraph.
What are the qualities of a good friend?LoyalTrustingListenRespectfulFunHelpfulPatientKeep SecretsHonestySense of HumorSmartFunnyAthleticDoesnt suck up to you/ (real, authentic person)Common interests
Transition wordsAdd your transition wordsFirstSecondThirdFinally, or In Conclusion
IntroductionNow lets write the introduction together, now that we know what we are writing about. 1. Hook- Hook your reader with a question, quote, short anecdote, or personal experience statement
Introduction contd. Write one background or informational sentence about each idea you are going to write about-Idea 1Idea 2 Idea 3
Thesis StatementThe thesis statement can be first in the paragraph, last in the paragraph or implied throughout the paragraphExample: I would like to change the world by improving the poverty situation in our world, alleviating crime, and helping the homeless.
Editing your essayCheck that you have all the elements of an expository essay:ReasonsDetailsTransition wordsConclusion that re-states your topicGrammarCoherence, logic and clearly written
Expository Essay:There are three different types of expository essays:1) Essay that is developed with examples and/or facts and statistics2) Essay that is developed with steps in a process3) Essay that is in a compare and contrast formatExample:Paragraph 1: Introductory ParagraphA. Thesis sentence____________________________B. Background info____________________________C. Statistics- if relevant__________________________Paragraph 2: Reason#1 or Process #1 Use a transition wordA. Example/detail #1______________________________B. Example/detail #2______________________________C. Example/detail#3_______________________________Paragraph 3: Reason #2or Process #2 Use a transition wordA. Example/detail #1______________________________B. Example/detail#2_______________________________C. Example/detail #3______________________________Paragraph 4: Reason #3 or Process #3 Use a transition wordA. Example/detail #1_______________________________B. Example/detail #2_______________________________C. Example/detail#3________________________________Paragraph 5:Conclusion:Take a reason from each paragraph and RE-STATE it in the conclusion. Add a clincher sentence.Evaluation:Do you have a clear logical topic?Have you introduced your topic in the first paragraph?Do you have one reason per paragraph?Do you have three details to support each reason?Have you used transition words at the beginning of each paragraph?