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  • Final Report

    Evaluation of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT)

    Evaluation of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT)

    Final Report

    Evaluation of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT)

  • EUROPEAN COMMISSION

    Directorate-General for Education, Youth, Sport and Culture Directorate Innovation, International Cooperation and Sport Unit C1 – Innovation and EIT EAC-UNITE-C1@ec.europa.eu European Commission

    B-1049 Brussels

    mailto:EAC-UNITE-C1@ec.europa.eu

  • Evaluation of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT)

    Final Report

    Edited by:

    Charu Wilkinson

    Rebecca Allinson

    James Leather

    Adrian Healy

    EUROPEAN COMMISSION

    Directorate-General for Education, Youth, Sport and Culture

    2017 EN

  • Europe Direct is a service to help you find answers to your questions about the European Union.

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    More information on the European Union is available on the Internet (http://europa.eu). Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2017 Print ISBN 978-92-79-68058-8 ISSN doi 10.2766/945203 NC-01-17-379-EN-N PDF ISBN 978-92-79-68058-8 ISSN doi 10.2766/945203 NC-01-17-379-EN-N © European Union, 2017 Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.

    Disclaimer This document has been prepared for the European Commission. However, it reflects the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

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  • i

    Table of Contents Table of Contents .................................................................................................. i

    Table of tables ................................................................................................. ii Table of figures ............................................................................................... iii

    Abstract .............................................................................................................. v List of acronyms and abbreviations ........................................................................ vii Executive summary (EN) ..................................................................................... viii Résumé analytique (FR) ....................................................................................... xx Zusammenfassung (DE) ................................................................................... xxxiii 1 Introduction .................................................................................................... 1

    1.1 This report ............................................................................................... 1 1.2 The European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) ............................ 1 1.2.1 Rationale and objectives ..................................................................................................... 1 1.2.2 Design of the governance EIT model ............................................................................... 2 1.2.3 The Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KICs) ................................................... 3 1.2.4 Evolution of the EIT over time ........................................................................................... 4 1.3 Evaluation context .................................................................................... 7 1.4 Evaluation methodology ............................................................................ 8 1.4.1 Evaluation objectives and questions ................................................................................ 8 1.4.2 Overview of the evaluation methodology ..................................................................... 10 1.4.3 Assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of the data collected ...................... 16

    2 Relevance of the EIT model of innovation ........................................................... 19 2.1 The original rationale for creating the EIT ................................................... 19 2.2 The ongoing rationale for the EIT .............................................................. 20 2.3 The changing policy landscape .................................................................. 22 2.4 Continuing relevance of the EIT’s objectives and model of innovation ............. 23 2.4.1 The relevance of the objectives of the EIT ................................................................... 23 2.4.2 The relevance of the innovation model of the EIT ...................................................... 26

    3 Effectiveness of the EIT model ......................................................................... 28 3.1 Achievement of objectives ....................................................................... 28 3.1.1 Achievement of KPI targets ............................................................................................. 28 3.2 Assessment of the EIT’s performance ........................................................ 30 3.2.1 Performance in the field of innovation ........................................................................... 30 3.2.2 Performance in the field of entrepreneurship support ............................................... 31 3.2.3 Performance in the field of education ............................................................................ 32 3.3 Assessment of the EIT’s KPI system .......................................................... 33 3.4 Effectiveness in integrating the three sides of the knowledge triangle ............. 34 3.4.1 Knowledge triangle integration within the EIT ............................................................. 34 3.4.2 The EIT’s contribution to knowledge triangle integration within the EU ................ 45 3.5 The EIT’s achievements compared with similar initiatives ............................. 45 3.6 The effectiveness of communication and dissemination activities ................... 48 3.7 Effectiveness in engaging stakeholders ...................................................... 52 3.8 Effectiveness in integrating new partners ................................................... 53 3.9 Effectiveness in attracting graduates ......................................................... 58

    4 The wider impacts of the EIT ............................................................................ 61 4.1 The EIT’s influence on EU policy development ............................................. 61 4.1.1 Influence at the EIT level ................................................................................................. 61 4.1.2 Influence at the KIC level ................................................................................................. 64 4.2 Impacts of the EIT’s innovation support activities ........................................ 65 4.3 Impact of the EIT’s business accelerator programmes .................................. 68

  • ii

    4.3.2 The benefits of participation in a KIC accelerator programme ................................. 69 4.3.3 Access to finance and investment .................................................................................. 70 4.3.4 The impacts on businesses of participating in a KIC accelerator programme ...... 71 4.4 Impact of the EIT education label programmes ........................................... 72 4.5 EIT's impact on job creation, societal challenges and economic growth ........... 76 4.5.1 Job creation and economic growth ................................................................................. 76 4.5.2 Societal challenges ............................................................................................................. 77 4.6 Systemic impacts of the EIT ..................................................................... 79 4.6.1 Influencing the operation of the EU innovation system or national / regional /

    local systems ....................................................................................................................... 80 4.6.2 Promoting wider changes in higher education practices ............................................ 83 4.6.3 Promoting wider changes in business practices .......................................................... 83 4.6.4 Overall assessment ............................................................................................................ 84

    5 Coherence ..................................................................................................... 85 5.1 Coherence with wider EU research and innovation policy .............................. 85 5.1.2 Links between the KICs and other policy initiatives ................................................... 86 5.2 Coherence of the EIT governance model with the wider EU innovation policy ... 88 5.3 Coherence with national and regional initiatives .......................................... 90

    6 EU added value .............................................................................................. 92 6.1 EU added value beyond national initiatives ................................................. 92 6.2 The ways in which the EIT and the KICs add value ...................................... 93

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