european union: european council
Post on 07-Jul-2015
Embed Size (px)
DESCRIPTIONThese slides where created as part of the European Union Course taught by Franziska Lindhout at Indian Institute of Technology Madras.
- 1. Rahul Dcunha Ninad Shahane
2. History Organizational Structure Treaty of Lisbon and its aftermath The Modern European Council Introduction 3. Inception In a memo dated August 1973, Jean Monnet called on the heads of government to create a provisional European government The European Council was proposed by the then French president Valry Giscard d'Estaing with Monnets support at the December summit in Paris in 1974 4. From Maastricht to Lisbon The treaty of Maastricht recognized the European Council as an informal body of the heads of governments of member states which gave political direction and impetus to the EU. Lisbonization legalized this basic function of the European Council and also granted it the status of being one of the 7 EU institutions while laying the groundwork for a detailed organizational structure. 5. Organizational Structure 6. President of the European Council President of the European Commission Presidency of the Council of the Union General Affairs Council European Council High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Agenda decisions based on Qualified Majority 7. President of the European Council Permanent Presidency for 2.5 years Cannot hold national positions of office Herman Van Rompuy elected unanimously on 19th November 2009 Low profile Consensus Builder Duties can overlap that of High Representative and the EC President. 8. Face off ?? True representatives of the EU in global political affairs Power struggle between the European Council and the Commission Monday morning breakfasts notwithstanding Single candidature for the Commission and the European Council? 9. The traditional decision-making triangle (Commission, Council, Parliament), that was the foundation of the Community method, has become a quadrangle. Future Prospects Does this signify a potential step backwards from the process of supranational integration of the EU? Are the heads of the EU member states trying to shift the blame? Que Sera Sera! 10. 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2014 Today Common Defense and security policy 12/12/2013 Euro Plus Pact 4/16/2011 European Stability Mechanism 1/8/2011 Bailouts to Greece approved 7/1/2010 Euro 2020 6/1/2010 Internal Security Strategy 3/8/2010 Stockholm Programme 12/1/2009 Treaty of Lisbon comes into effect 12/1/2009 Irish referendum: Treaty of Lisbon accepted 6/28/2009 Eastern Partnership Agenda 3/20/2009 1/1/2010 1/1/2014 Stockholm Program 11. Eastern Partnership 12. Promoting Democracy Empowering People Financial Backing Bilateral Cooperation Supporting Mobility Increasing Trade 13. Irish Referendum On June 12, 2008, Ireland voted against the Lisbon treaty with a 53.4% majority, the popular reason being that many did not understand the treaty. 14. Irish Referendum The June 2009 summit of the European Council sought to clarify the treaty of Lisbon with respect to a few ambiguous points: Right to life, family and education Taxation Security and defense Workers Rights and Social Policy In October 2009, the treaty is put to a second vote. 15. Stockholm Program The Stockholm Program sets out the European Unions (EU) priorities for the area of justice, freedom and security for the period 2010-14. Europe of rights Europe of justice Europe that protects Europe of solidarity Europe in a globalized world Access to Europe 16. Stockholm Program http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/libertycentral/2009/ may/28/eu-view-surveillance-society "principle of convergence "principle of availability" By 2014,Euro-Atlantic area of cooperation with the USA in the field of freedom, security and justice" 17. Euro 2020 Agenda of the Pact 18. Role of European Council Annual overall assessments of progress Horizontal policy guidance for the EU as a whole on the basis of the Annual Growth Survey presented by the Commission Discussion of economic developments and priorities for the strategy 19. Internal Security Strategy EUs objectives is to ensure a high level of security within the common area of freedom, security and justice through preventing and combating crime EU-LISA European Public Prosecutors Office Internal Security Fund Organizations Proposed 20. Internal Security Strategy 21. European Stability Mechanism 22. European Stability Mechanism 23. Euro Plus Pact Eurozone Participants Non-Euro Participants To strengthen the economic pillar of the monetary union This Pact focuses primarily on areas that fall under national competence and are key for increasing competitiveness and avoiding harmful imbalances. 24. Euro Plus Pact Foster competitiveness Foster employment Contribute further to the sustainability of public finances Reinforce financial stability 25. The Common Security and Defense Policy Increasing the effectiveness, visibility and impact of CSDP Strengthening Europe's defence industry Enhancing the development of capabilities 26. The Common Security and Defense Policy WAY FORWARD Timeline is set till 2015 to apply the recommendations EU Cyber Defence Policy Framework by 2014 EU Maritime Security Strategy by June 2014 EuroSceptics! 27. Crimean Crisis EU believes that sovereignty of the Ukrainian constitution has been compromised Sanctions Against Russia Aid to Ukraine Suspend bilateral talks with the Russian Federation on visa matters Ready to assist also on energy security. Talks with the Russian Federation on the New Agreement. Association Agreement, including a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area. Travel bans and asset freezes Commit to provide Ukraine with strong financial backing. 28. Crimean Crisis The European Union expresses its objective to further strengthen the political association and economic integration with Georgia and the Republic of Moldova. 29. DEBATE: Given the CSDP and the Eastern Partnership which promotes an alliance with the former east bloc what is the best way for Europe to safeguard peace in these states?