Ethnicity & Race Race is/Race Ain’t from Safari Montage

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  • Slide 1
  • Ethnicity & Race Race is/Race Aint from Safari Montage
  • Slide 2
  • Unit Objectives Explore the concepts of race and ethnicity Understand the extent and impacts of racial bias, preference, and segregation Which is the most useful construct for us to consider when we think about social issues? In the US? Globally?
  • Slide 3
  • Squirming? Talking about race in the US tends to make people uncomfortable. Talking about race in the US tends to make people uncomfortable. Why do you think that is? Why do you think that is? RACE IS NOT REAL. RACE IS NOT REAL. Race is a social construct. Race is a social construct. But the effects of our perceptions of race are very real. But the effects of our perceptions of race are very real.
  • Slide 4
  • What do you know about race? Quiz time! Quiz time!
  • Slide 5
  • What is Race? Race = a categorization of humans based on skin color and other physical characteristics Race = a categorization of humans based on skin color and other physical characteristics genetic traitsgenetic traits biologically inherited physical characteristicsbiologically inherited physical characteristics Racial classifications are assigned to people on the basis of arbitrary differences like the shape of the nose, the degree of pigmentation in the skin, and the texture of the hair. Racial classifications are assigned to people on the basis of arbitrary differences like the shape of the nose, the degree of pigmentation in the skin, and the texture of the hair. There is more genetic variation within a particular racial group than between racial groups. There is more genetic variation within a particular racial group than between racial groups.
  • Slide 6
  • What is Race? Racial Categories are often imposed on people by governments. Which box do you check? Racial Categories are often imposed on people by governments. Which box do you check? WhiteBlack or African AmericanAsian American Indian/Alaska Native Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander The racial categories included in the census questionnaire generally reflect a social definition of race recognized in this country and not an attempt to define race biologically, anthropologically, or genetically. In addition, it is recognized that the categories of the race item include racial and national origin or sociocultural groups. People may choose to report more than one race to indicate their racial mixture, such as American Indian and White. People who identify their origin as Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish may be of any race.
  • Slide 7
  • Slide 8
  • So What is Ethnicity? Ethnicity: group of people w/ a common identity based on a distinct but shared culture (i.e. common homeland, language, religion, or race). Ethnicity: group of people w/ a common identity based on a distinct but shared culture (i.e. common homeland, language, religion, or race). Comes from Greek word ethnos which refers to a unique and cohesive groupi.e. us v. them Comes from Greek word ethnos which refers to a unique and cohesive groupi.e. us v. them
  • Slide 9
  • Ethnicity v. Race Ethnicity and race are not the same thing Ethnicity and race are not the same thing Ethnicity involves more than biological characteristics. May include that, but goes well beyond to include persons social and cultural identity.i.e. people of same race can have many different ethnicities Ethnicity involves more than biological characteristics. May include that, but goes well beyond to include persons social and cultural identity.i.e. people of same race can have many different ethnicities Its hard to define race and ethnicity clearly: Ambiguity Its hard to define race and ethnicity clearly: AmbiguityAmbiguity
  • Slide 10
  • Ethnicity good or bad? Ethnic Pride sense of belonging & pride in ones heritage & culture Ethnic Pride sense of belonging & pride in ones heritage & culture Ethnocentrism: the idea that ones own group is superior to others (like racism for an ethnic group) Ethnocentrism: the idea that ones own group is superior to others (like racism for an ethnic group) Ethnic groups usually have ties to a particular homeland -a place - this has led to ethnic cleansing or violence to try to control land by destroying an ethnic group Ethnic groups usually have ties to a particular homeland -a place - this has led to ethnic cleansing or violence to try to control land by destroying an ethnic group Ethnicity is a strong force. Even if diffusion and globalization change culture, ethnicity will likely remain. Ethnicity is a strong force. Even if diffusion and globalization change culture, ethnicity will likely remain.
  • Slide 11
  • Ethnic Groups Ethnic groups can be difficult to identify.usually self-identified. Do we see ourselves as a unique and cohesive groupi.e. us versus them? Ethnic groups can be difficult to identify.usually self-identified. Do we see ourselves as a unique and cohesive groupi.e. us versus them? Racial categories used to be simplernow it is virtually impossible to classify people into simple categories of race or ethnicity. Racial categories used to be simplernow it is virtually impossible to classify people into simple categories of race or ethnicity. Why? Why?
  • Slide 12
  • Racial/Ethnic Distributions In United States: In United States: 16% Hispanic16% Hispanic 13% African American13% African American 5% Asian American5% Asian American 1% American Indian1% American Indian (63%) White Not-Hispanic (NOT an ethnicity. why not?)(63%) White Not-Hispanic (NOT an ethnicity. why not?)
  • Slide 13
  • Ethnic Clusters Ethnic enclave: voluntary residential segregation based on ethnicity (i.e. ethnic neighborhoodsHispanic barrios, China town, little Havana) Ethnic enclave: voluntary residential segregation based on ethnicity (i.e. ethnic neighborhoodsHispanic barrios, China town, little Havana)
  • Slide 14
  • Slide 15
  • Why Does it Matter? Prejudice: pre-judgment. An assumption made about someone or something before having adequate knowledge to be able to do so with accuracy. Discrimination: treatment taken toward or against a person of a certain group based solely on category. Discrimination is the actual behavior.
  • Slide 16
  • de Jure vs. de Facto Segregation de Jure = legalized segregation de Jure = legalized segregation Plessey v. FergusonPlessey v. Ferguson Apartheid in S. AfricaApartheid in S. Africa
  • Slide 17
  • de Jure Segregation Separate but equal overturned by Brown v. BoE - 1954 Separate but equal overturned by Brown v. BoE - 1954 Nelson Mandela in S. Africa Nelson Mandela in S. Africa
  • Slide 18
  • de Facto Segregation Not legal just happens. Not legal just happens. Ethnic clustering or ethnic enclaves Ethnic clustering or ethnic enclaves Can be based on religion, as well Can be based on religion, as well Northern Ireland: Protestant v Catholic Northern Ireland: Protestant v Catholic http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PkjqS -GtiT4 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PkjqS -GtiT4
  • Slide 19
  • Why Does it Matter? Minority vs Dominant groups in society: A minority is the group subjected to prejudice and discrimination. The dominant group holds greater power, privilege, and prestige within the society. Why/how did it begin in the US? Race A History Race A HistoryRaceA HistoryRaceA History
  • Slide 20
  • White Privilege Does it exist? Does it exist? Freakonomics Freakonomics Freakonomics Name Change Name Change Name Change Name Change Read the article and respond on your blog. What do you think? White Privilege Debate White Privilege Debate White Privilege Debate White Privilege Debate