Ethernet Cable Testing, Certifying ??Data Exchange Network Diagnostic Solutions Ethernet Cable Testing, Certifying Diagnostics ... to either .csv or .pdf format

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  • 2016 Softing Inc. All Rights Reserved.

    Jim Ralston Director of Sales

    Softing Industrial AutomationData Exchange & Network Diagnostic Solutions

    EthernetCableTesting,Certifying&Diagnostics

  • 2016 Softing Inc. All Rights Reserved.

    Topics

    Softing Introduction Industrial Network Trends Risks to Production Poor/Degrading Network Infrastructure Best Practices for Ethernet Cabling

    What is Certification? What is Qualification?

    Advanced Network Monitoring Tools Preventive maintenance

    Questions

  • 2016 Softing Inc. All Rights Reserved.

    Softing in North America

    Softing (German publicly traded company) 30 years industrial networking technology leader (Automation & Automotive) Acquired OLDI in May 2014 Original Developer/Manufacture Rockwell Partner

    Expertise Embedded Fieldbus protocol stacks Automotive diagnostic systems OPC & OPC-UA (development tools & servers) Advanced networks testing & monitoring

    Products: Data Exchange Solutions Network Diagnostic Tools

  • 2016 Softing Inc. All Rights Reserved.

    Softing Worldwide

    Softing Inc.Softing Inc.

    SalesProduct Marketing

    DevelopmentTraining

    Boston, MASales/Service

    Softing AGMunich, Germany

    Softing AGMunich, Germany

    Knoxville, TNHeadquarters

    US Headquarters in Knoxville, TN

  • 2016 Softing Inc. All Rights Reserved.

    Products sold through the Rockwell Automation Channel

    eATMEnterprise ApplianceTransaction Modules

    cATMController ApplianceTransaction Modules

    SAMSpecial

    ApplicationModules

    WireXpertAdvanced Cable

    CertifierNetXpert

    1G Qualifier &Troubleshooter

    Move Data

    Run Custom Code

    Certify/QualifyCable

    ControlLogixControlLogix

    TH Scope; TH LinkMonitor; Diagnose EtherNet/IP and other networks

    MonitorNetworks

  • 2016 Softing Inc. All Rights Reserved.

    Industrial Automation Hot Trends

    Big Data Need for more reliable data collection/storage

    OPC-UA data security & standardization

    Industrial Ethernet growth continues OT/IT convergence Need for diagnostic monitoring & quick repairs Following industry standards (TIA 568)

    IT/Data Center Faster Standards CAT 6, CAT 6A CAT 8 soon.

  • 2016 Softing Inc. All Rights Reserved.

    Yesterday Today Emerging Tomorrow

    Network DH485 DH+ DH-RIO DeviceNet

    ControlNet

    EtherNet/IP(10/100)

    Ethernet/IP(1000)

    EtherNet/IP(10G)

    Data Rate(mbit)

    .0192 .0576 .23 .5 5 10 or 100 1,000 10,000

    0.0192 0.0576 0.23 0.5 5 551000

    10,000

    0

    2000

    4000

    6000

    8000

    10000

    12000

    DH485 DH+ DH-RIO DeviceNet Control EtherNet/IP Ethernet/IP EtherNet/IP(10G) ?

    Data Rate (mbps)

    Industrial Ethernet Why is Cable Certification Important?

  • 2016 Softing Inc. All Rights Reserved.

    Why is Complete Cable Testing Important?..

    As network bandwidth (data rate) increases.. Carrier frequency increases

    Impedance (attenuation) increases

    Signal/noise ratios tighten

    Crosstalk between pairs increase

    High frequency signals traveling over copper Poor wiring = poor network performance (DOWN TIME)

    DC Continuity (zero baud) is not a complete test!

  • 2016 Softing Inc. All Rights Reserved.

    Proper Cabling Practices Reduce Risk

    According to an ISA.org online article, Physical Layer

    (structured cabling) failures accounted for 35% of total failures

    in plant automation.

    Physical deterioration, electrical failure, or poor installation and

    maintenance practices can all lead to unreliable network

    performance. loss of critical data system downtime even catastrophic failure

  • 2016 Softing Inc. All Rights Reserved.

    Best Practices for Ethernet Testing

    When installing cabling for industrial

    Ethernet applications, dont just

    assume it is going to work.

    Proper installation, configuration,

    testing and certification will greatly

    reduce any start up problems and

    minimize future downtime.

  • 2016 Softing Inc. All Rights Reserved.

    What are the cable Gotchas It is easier to terminate an Ethernet outlet than plug

    RJ45 outlets are used in patch panels & wall outlets

    Jack to jack wiring = permanent link

    Patch cords (with RJ45 plugs) connect equipment to outlet

    If plugs wear out, replace the cable!

    If the patch cable is LONG (e.g. run through conduit), repair time is LONGER

    Best Practices for Ethernet Testing

  • 2016 Softing Inc. All Rights Reserved.

    What are the cable Gotchas Connector termination issues

    Obvious miswiring/shorts/opens

    Shield not connected

    Precision terminations to limit de-pairing

    Cross talk/noise too high

    Best Practices for Ethernet Testing

  • 2016 Softing Inc. All Rights Reserved.

    What are the cable Gotchas

    Cable installation issues

    Too close to other cables or electrical equipment (noise)

    Cable (pairing) damaged

    Bend radius exceeded

    Cable crush/kinked

    Tie wraps used!!!!

    Cable is too long

    Cable is defective (counterfeit?)

    Best Practices for Ethernet Testing

  • 2016 Softing Inc. All Rights Reserved.

    What Certification is All About

    Ensuring that the cable infrastructure MEETS the standards

    The network DEPENDS on Layer One!

    Reducing start-up time

    Reducing finger pointing when network problems arise

    80+% of industrial network problems are cabling oriented!

    A REQUIREMENT for the manufacturers warranty (Belden, etc)

    Certification is PART of the TIA 568 standard!

    Certification is the NORM for commercial installations why not industrial?

    Certifiers also make excellent troubleshooting tools reduce downtime

  • 2016 Softing Inc. All Rights Reserved.

    What is required to Certify a cable?

    Measurement DescriptionDynamic Wiremap Accurately detects Open/Short and Distance to Fault from both ends of the cable

    Loop Resistance The resistance between the two conductors of a twisted pair which is looped back at the far end

    Cable Length The length of the cable under test

    Near End Crosstalk (NEXT) The interference at the near end of a pair caused by signal on another pair

    PowerSum NEXT The sum of the individual NEXT effects on each pair by the other three pairs

    Insertion Loss (Attenuation) The decrease in signal strength from one end of the cable to the other

    ACR-N The difference between insertion loss and near-end crosstalk (NEXT)

    PowerSum ACR-N The sum of the individual ACR-N effects on each pair by the other three pairs

    Return Loss (RL) Signal loss caused by structural imperfections in the cable

    ACR-F (ELFEXT) The interference at the far end of a pair caused by signal on another pair, with the insertionloss subtracted

    PowerSum ACR-F The sum of the individual ACR-F effects on each pair by the other three pairs

    Propagation Delay Time it takes for a signal to travel from one end of a cable to the other

    Delay Skew The difference in time between the fastest and slowest pairs within a cable

    Each cable test collects 190,000 data measurements!!!!

    190,000 different measurements needed to Certify!

  • 2016 Softing Inc. All Rights Reserved.

    What is required to Certify a cable?

  • 2016 Softing Inc. All Rights Reserved.

    Fastest, Most Accurate, User Friendly and Future Proof Cable Certifier on market!

  • 2016 Softing Inc. All Rights Reserved.

    WireXpert

    Advanced Cable Certifier Certifies and tests:

    CAT 5e, 6 and 6A (CAT 8) Copper Standards

    Multi-mode and Single Mode Fiber

    RJ45 & M12 connectors

    Documents and reports cable/connector manufacture models

    Produces Certification Reports

  • 2016 Softing Inc. All Rights Reserved.

    What Does Certification Measure?

    What tests are performed? 9 seconds Autotest

    Pass or Fail on display

    Wiremap & crosstalk data on display

    Location to fault

    Data downloadable to PC Formal reports

  • 2016 Softing Inc. All Rights Reserved.

    eXport - Professional cable test management software

    Quickly organize, edit, view, print, save, or archive test results by jobsite, customer, campus building, and more

    Deliver professional, customized (your companys logo), graphical test results

    Export in summary or graphical layout, all or any number of tests, to either .csv or .pdf format

  • 2016 Softing Inc. All Rights Reserved.

    Example Cable Certification Report

  • 2016 Softing Inc. All Rights Reserved.

    Ethernet Cable Qualification

    Qualification is NOT Certification, but Cable Qualifiers:

    Use many of the same measurement methods as certifiers

    Identify cable issues and location of faults

    May perform additional online tests

    DO NOT produce certification reports

    But may offer other useful reports

    Qualifiers cost less than Certifiers may fit the budget!

    PROFIBUS Diagnostics

  • 2016 Softing Inc. All Rights Reserved.

    Cable Testing, Speed Testing, Network Testing

  • 2016 Softing Inc. All Rights Reserved.

    Gigabit Cable Qualifier and Network Diagnostic Tool

    Qualifies data cabling for IEEE 802.3 compliance at transmission rates of up to 1Gbit/s (BERT)

    Determines signal-to-noise ratio (SNR)

    Measures delay skew

    Performs full TDR for pair length

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