erp 프로세스 개요

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ERP 프로세스 개요. 경영혁신 분야. 정 보 화 지 원 기 술 분 야. 산 업 유 형 분 야. 전문화 분야. ERP 시스템 기능 구조. 영업관리. 인적자원 관리. 기준정보관리. 계획관리. 회계 및 재무관리. 공급망관리. 제조실행. 원가통제. ERP 전략과 실천, 이동길, 대청, 1999. 변화관리 / 지식경영 / 프로세스 혁신 / 현장 및 물류개선. 경영혁신 분야. 영업관리 주문관리 견적관리 고객관리 서비스관리 출하관리. 인적자원관리 인사관리 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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ERP

1

ERP ERP , , , 1999

/MRPCRP / / / / Expert System / Simulation / Virtual RealityEDICALSECDWWorkflow4ERP /CRPMRPRC-CRPA/S ERP , , , 19995ERP SAP GLAPGLARMM: PP/MMSDFILISFI MRP

ERP 6ERP

78 - ,

89

[][]

[]

[]

[ ] , 10 : , , , : , , : , , : , , /, : //// : : : , , , Mobile 11 , : , , , : , , : : , , 12 : , : : , : , , : : 13 : , , , , : , , , , : , : , , : 14 , , , : , , , , : , , , : , , : , , Serial Number : , Back Order , : , , , / : /, : , , ERP

1516 , , , .

, (Demand Schedule), (Production Schedule), (MRP), (Capacity Requirement Planning) .

1617 (Engineer-to-Order)(Make-to-Order) (Make-to-Stock) (Assemble-to-Order)(Make-to-Demand) , , , - , , , , 1718 Job Shop Flow Shop() Batch (Shop) , . - - - - - 1819

[](Scheduling) CRP CRP [][][]

CRP

CRP /

{][]

20 MRPCRP - Built-in & - , , , , , , - , , , , - , , - (Live Forecasting )- (Simulated Forecasting) - , 21 MRPCRP - - , (Planning Bill) (Forecast Consumption-based Planning)- , , , (Planning without Forecast Consumption)- (MTS: Make-to-Stock), (MTO: Make-to-Order), (Production by Lot Size), (Stock Orders) DPS (Distribution Resource Planning)- - MPS

22 MRPCRP - /, / : , , , : , , , , , - BOM (RCCP: Rough-cut Capacity Requirement Planning): 1-3 (ATP: Available To Promise) 23 MRPCRPMRP-II - , , (MPS: Master Production Scheduling)- (, , ) MPS , MPS , / () MPS - , , MPS BOM - , , , , JIT, ETO (Engineering-to-Order), ATO (Assemble-to-Order), MTS (Make-to-Stock), BOM : , (,,,,,,), 24 MRPCRP: , , - MPS , MPS, , //ATP (Available-to-Promise) - (Dynamic Availability Check), (Forecast Consumption-based Planning) (Planning without Forecast Consumption) - , - MRP 25 MRPCRP (Material Requirement Planning), , ,- MRP - BOM - MRP - /, // MRP - (Net Change), (Regeneration), ,, MRP MRP - , , 26 MRPCRPLot Size - FOQ (Fixed Order Quantity)- EOQ (Economic Order Quantity)- L4L (Lot for Lot)- FPR (Fixed Period Requirement)- POQ (Period Order Quantity)- LUC (Least Unit Cost)- LTC (Least Total Cost)- PPB (Part-Period Balancing)- WWA (Wagner-Within Algorithm) , Consumption-based Planning- (, ), , : , , : , ,

27 MRPCRP (Capacity Requirement Planning) , , MRP vs. MRP-II : () - , , CRPRCCPMRPMPS28 MRPCRP- (RCCP: Rough-Cut CRP)- (Detailed CRP) - , , , - (, , , ): , , : Forward/Backward/Midpoint , : , , : , , : , (Overflow ) (Bill of Resource) : , , BOR / , , MRP ATP : // 28ERP

2930

(MES)- Manufacturing Execution System- MRP

(Shop Floor Control), , , JIT , , - , -

30 MRP (MES: Manufacturing Execution System) . (Shop Floor Control), , , JIT , , 31

[]/[][]

[][]

[/]

32 (SFC) , , , , , (, , , ) - Discrete, Process, Project, JIT - , Prototype, , - , , , , - - : , , - - - : , , 33 (SFC)- : / - , - : / , : , (Routing) - , /, , , Lot : , , , 34 (SFC) , , ISO 9000 : : , , , , ISO9000 - : , , : , : , , - , , 35 (SFC) - , , , , : //, : //: , : // , , , , ERP

3637

ERP , Item Master ()- BOM (Bill of Material, )- , , - , , - , , , , BOMRouting ()- , () - , , (run time) (: ---- -)37 MRP (MES: Manufacturing Execution System) . (Shop Floor Control), , , JIT , , 38 / (: , , , )

[CAD/PDM]BOM/Formula[]

[][]

Configuration

,,

39 (BOM) (Formula), ,PDM (Product Data Management) : , , , : , , , A/S - (, , , UOM, ) (Formula): , , Cost roll-up : /, PDM (Product Data Management) - ( ) 40 - (Raw Material), (Component), (Sub-assembly), (Finan Product) - , .- , , ,

: ERP

( Category Oracle Case)- Main - Inventory- Bills of Material- Costing- Purchasing- Receiving- Physical Attiributes (Item Master)

- General Planning- MPS/MRP Planning- Work In Process- Order Entry- Invocing- Service41 BOM- (item) (part) .-

BOM - BOM- BOM- BOM- BOM- BOM (BOM, Bill Of Materials)42 (Operation) (Routing) - , - , (Routing) (Tool) : , , (Layout) Scheduling, Line Balancing - (, , , , ) 43 (Routing)Routing- (item) .- - , ,

Routing - - - - - Setup - 44 (EC: Engineering Change) (PP: Pilot Production) - Pilot , , , : , , , , - (ECO: Engineering Change Order) , ECO , ECO , ECO , , Cost Roll-up 45 BOM : ERP

4647 (SCM)- Supply Chain Management-

47 MRP (MES: Manufacturing Execution System) . (Shop Floor Control), , , JIT , , 48 () () () / / (, )

/()/[MRP/][]

[/][]

(,)//49 - , / - (, , , ) / - (Bill of Distribution), BOD - / MPS , / , (Real-time net change) - , , //

- & 50 DRP (Distribution Resource Planning) , 51 , , , , , , A/S, , - , / , / - , , , - MRP , , - , , , 52 - , , , , - , , : , , - , , 53 - , , , , A/S, (Item Master) - , /, , , , , , - , , , , , , , , Scrap, , , , Real-time , Cost-rollup ERP

5455

, ,

, 55 MRP (MES: Manufacturing Execution System) . (Shop Floor Control), , , JIT , , 56 / /

[]

[/][]

/

,

57 () (), , , ,, DBDB DB DB, DB DB 58 , , Career Path (, ), 59 , ///

60 Rule - , , , Time Card 61 , Event Skill 62 , , , Live Event

ERP

6364

(General Ledger)- - - (Accounts Receivable) (Accounts Payable) (Fixed Assets) (Projects) (Treasury)64 MRP (MES: Manufacturing Execution System) . (Shop Floor Control), , , JIT , , 65 // {() ), ( ), ( )} GL

[]GL//

[][]

[]

Consolidation, , 66 (GL: General Ledger) ERP COA (Chart Of Accounts), SOB (Set Of Books) - , , : // , : , , , , - , , , - Global Consolidation 67 (AR: Accounts Receivable) () , - , , , : / , , , : , , : , , / : , : 68 (AP: Accounts Payable)/ : , : , , , : , , : , , : , , , , , 69 (FA: Fixed Assets) , , , , : 70 (TR: Treasury) : , 71

MRP

ERP

7273

- , -

- - Profit Center - 73 MRP (MES: Manufacturing Execution System) . (Shop Floor Control), , , JIT , , 74 Roll-up Import [][/,,,,]

[,,,]

BOM,Routing,Resource

& (transaction)75 , - , , - : , , , (What-If )- , , / , , - : (, , ), - : , , - : / , - , , 76 - , Roll-up: BOM (Cost Rollover)- , : , 77 ()() Roll up/ / Cost TypeRateBOMROUTING

//:( Vs , / : : (WIP)(GL )-. Transaction GL (Standard Cost) vs. -. Vs -.W/C -. . COST78 (ABC: Activity-Based Costing) , ABC ABC Bill - , , ,

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