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Equality and Diversity

Equality and Diversity

What are they? What is the difference? What does the law say?

Equality Definitions (Dictionary)The state or quality of being equalThe quality of being alikeThe quality of being interchangeableEqual in valueSocial and political equality levelling of societyEqual treatment for different groups

Equality QuotationsWe hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Thomas Jefferson.Libert Egalit Fraternit. French Revolution & National Motto of FranceI have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the colour of their skin, but by the content of their character. Martin Luther King Jr.Alle Menschen werden Brder wo dein sanfte Flgel weilt All people shall be brothers where your gentle wings tarry. Friedrich Schiller Ode to Joy. Set to music by Ludwig van Beethoven (Symphony no 9) EU Anthem sung at fall of Berlin Wall.

Equality Quotations (continued)The defect of equality is that we only desire it with our superiors. Henry BecqueAll animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others. George OrwellEven the president of the United States must sometimes have to stand naked. Bob DylanCalled to the throne by the voice of the people, my maxim has always been: A career open to talent without distinction of birth. It is this system of equality for which the European oligarchy detests me. Napoleon BonaparteI believe in equality for everyone except reporters and photographers. Mahatma GandhiWith these preachers of equality will I not be mixed up and confounded? Friedrich Nietzsche

Diversity Definitions (Dictionary)The quality of being differentThe quality of being variedA point or respect in which people differThe relation between two entities when and only when they are not identical, the property of being distinct.The condition or result of being changeable

Diversity Quotations

It takes all sorts to make a world. Proverb.We all live with the objective of being happy; our lives are all different and yet the same. Anne Frank.The notion of a universality of human experience is a confidence trick, and the notion of a universality of female experience is a clever confidence trick. Angela CarterThere is nowhere you can go and only be with people like you. Give it up! Bernice Johnson ReagonEveryone is entitled to their own opinion, but not their own facts. Daniel Patrick MoynihanHuman salvation lies in the hands of the creatively maladjusted. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.We must learn to live together as brothers, or perish together as fools. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

Diversity Quotations (continued)I am large. I contain multitudes. Walt WhitmanI am what I am, and what I am needs no excuses. Jerry HermanPeople may be said to resemble not the bricks of which a house is built, but the pieces of a picture puzzle, each differing in shape, but matching the rest, and thus bringing out the picture. Felix AdlerWe have become, not a melting pot, but a beautiful mosaic. Different people, different beliefs, different yearnings, different hopes, different dreams. Jimmy CarterI know the human being and fish can co-exist peacefully. George W. Bush

E&D Definitions from RAISEDiversity is the acknowledgement and respect of differences within and between groups of people.Equality is the framework that enables opportunity, access, participation and contribution that is fair and inclusive.(Regional Action and Involvement South East: RAISE)

E&D Definitions from Taunton Deane Borough Council (TDBC)Diversity is the concept of valuing difference with a focus on the individual. It is proactive and respects the unique perspectives and experience that individual people from different backgrounds contribute.Equal Opportunities this is mainly driven by legislation, so tends to be reactive and primarily concerned with groups who are under-represented due to discrimination..

Discrimination Stereotyping and Prejudice Definitions from TDBCDiscrimination happens when stereotyping and prejudice leads people to distinguish unfairly against or in favour of certain sections of society or individuals. This can be on the grounds of age, colour, disability, ethnicity/race, nationality, faith/religion/belief/disbelief, gender, sexual orientation or social background.Stereotyping is an oversimplified, false or generalised assumption about a particular group or person and believing the assumption to be true.Prejudice is an inflexible mental attitude towards a specific group of people or individual based on a lack of knowledge or false stereotyping.

Bullying and Harassment

Harassment occurs where, on the grounds of sex, gender reassignment, race, religion or belief, sexual orientation, disability or age, one person engages in unwanted conduct that violates another persons dignity or creates an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment for that person. (Statutory definition NB the legislation was subsequently extended specifically to include harassment of a sexual nature.)Bullying is offensive, intimidating, malicious or insulting behaviour, an abuse or misuse of power through means intended to undermine, humiliate, denigrate or injure the recipient. (ACAS definition no statutory definition as yet.)

VictimisationVictimisation occurs when an individual is treated detrimentally because:They have made or intend to make a complaint about being discriminated against/harassedThey have acted or intend to act as a witness or give evidence in support of others relating to a complaint about discrimination or harassment.Detrimental treatment may be e.g. refusal of requests for time off, denial of promotion or training, being ignored by manager or colleagues, criticised continually, messed around with regarding work/shift allocations etc.

If this happens and the organisation does not take reasonable steps to prevent it, the organisation will be liable to pay compensation.Individuals who victimise may also be liable to pay compensation.

Positive Action v Positive DiscriminationPositive Action is allowed under UK and European discrimination legislationPositive Action is good practice. Examples might include:Advertising in different publications which reach particular minority groupsAdapting working practices to enable certain individuals/groups to carry out jobs flexible workingExtra training to support people to be more effectiveSupport networks for certain groups within the organisation

Positive DiscriminationPositive Discrimination is illegal in UK and European discrimination legislation. Examples include:Appointing someone to a post because of their minority status (e.g. race, gender) even though they are less suitable than another candidatePreferential treatment to someone because they belong to a minority group with regard to training, promotion etc.NB The new Equality Bill proposes that it will be legal, if two people are absolutely equally qualified and experienced etc for a post, to appoint the person from a minority group which is under-represented in the workforce. THIS IS NOT LEGAL YET!

UK E&D Legislation 1970-2006Civil Partnerships Act 2004Disability Discrimination Act 1995Disability Discrimination Amendment Act 2005Employment Equality (Age) Regulations 2006Employment Equality (Religion or Belief) Regulations 2003Employment Equality (Sex Discrimination) Regulations 2005Employment Equality (Sexual Orientation) Regulations 2003Equal Pay Act 1970 (Amended)Equality Act 2006Gender Recognition Act 2004Human Rights Act 1998Protection from Harassment Act 1997Race Relations Act 1976Race Relations Amendment Act 2000 and further amendment 2003Racial and Religious Hatred Act 2006Sex Discrimination Act 2005Sex Discrimination (Gender Reassignment) Regulations 1999

Equality Bill Key ProvisionsThis bill, in the Governments own words, aims to strengthen equality law by:1. Introducing a new public sector duty to consider reducing socioeconomic inequalities; 2. Putting a new Equality Duty on public bodies; 3. Using public procurement to improve equality; 4. Banning age discrimination outside the workplace; 5. Introducing gender pay and equality reports; 6. Extending the scope to use positive action; 7. Strengthening the powers of employment tribunals; 8. Protecting carers from discrimination; 9. Protecting breastfeeding mothers; 10. Banning discrimination in private members clubs; and 11. Strengthening protection from discrimination for disabled people.

Equality ChecklistAre you sure you are not breaking the law? Are you committed to fairness? Are you satisfied that you are recruiting the best person for the job? Have you made a written commitment to being a fair employer? Do your employees and customers know about this? Do all your employees treat each other with dignity and respect?

Being an Equitable EmployerStage 1: Putting together an Equal Opportunities and Diversity PolicyStage 2: Putting together a Bullying and Harassment PolicyStage 3: Putting together a Discipline and Grievance Procedure Stage 4:Review your Recruitment and Selection Policy to take account of Equality and DiversityStage 5: Review your Training and Development Policy to take account of Equality and DiversityStage 6: Action Plan to make sure you continue to improve, and that your policies and procedures are working.

Equality Processreviewing existing policies and procedures and/or writing new ones (as previous slide)providing training and guidance for managers and supervisory staffallocating responsibility for the implementation of the Policy to one or more individuals or to a dep


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