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STRATEGIESWhat can I do with this major?AREAS EMPLOYERSENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES/SCIENCESOLID WASTE MANAGEMENTChemistryEngineeringHydrologyLogisticsPlanningRecyclingTransportationComplianceFederal, state, and local governmentPrivate waste management firmsConsulting firmsNonprofit organizationsDevelop strong communication skills, both written andoral.Develop decision-making and problem-solvingskills, diplomacy, and the ability to work underpressure.Gain familiarity with current technologies, regulations,and statutes.Join community groups or service organizations thatfocus on environmental awareness; attend publicmeetings about waste management.Become flexible and learn to look at issues fromvarious perspectives.SOIL SCIENCESoil and Water ConservationLand Use PlanningWaste DisposalEnvironmental ComplianceReclamation of Contaminated LandsLandfill Operation and MonitoringAgrichemical ManagementFertilizer TechnologyAgricultural ProductionResearchEducationGovernment agencies including:US Environmental Protection AgencyNatural Resource Conservation ServicesUSDA Forest ServiceUS Department of Health and Human ServicesState farm bureausEnvironmental research laboratoriesAgricultural or environmental consultant firmsPrivately owned farms and ranchesUniversitiesMaintain knowledge of current environmental issuesincluding policy, conservation, and industry trends.Develop acute observational skills.Stay current on technology used in natural resourcemanagement including software, geographicalinformation systems, and global positioningsystems.Seek related experience through co-ops, internships,or part-time jobs in area of interest.Gain extensive laboratory and research experience toprepare for research positions.Participate in related clubs, organizations, and soiljudging teams to build contacts and cultivateacademic interests.Learn about certification programs offered by the SoilScience Society of America including soil scienceand agronomy.Become familiar with the federal job applicationprocedure for government employment.Obtain Ph.D. for optimal research and universityteaching careers.AREAS EMPLOYERS STRATEGIES(Environmental Studies/Science, Page 2)HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENTWATER QUALITY MANAGEMENTHydrogeologyQuality ControlRisk AssessmentEnvironmental EngineeringPublic and Environmental HealthIndustrial HygieneBiologyChemistryGeologyChemical EngineeringPlanningComplianceFederal, state, and local governmentPrivate companies that generate hazardous wastein productionHazardous waste management firmsConsulting firmsNonprofit organizationsConsider a double major in hard science orengineering.Attend public meetings on hazardous waste issues.Gain laboratory experience and computer expertise.Complete an internship in a government office orregulatory agency.Gain experience with technical writing.Get involved with local chapters of citizen watchgroups.Become familiar with Superfund and its activities.AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENTFederal, state, and local governmentPrivate industryConsulting firmsNonprofit organizationsStay up-to-date with federal regulations and bothindustry and regional standards.Additional training in economics and policy isdesirable.Develop strong oral communication and technicalwriting skills.Learn to work well under pressure and developnegotiation skills.Seek volunteer or paid positions within areaenvironmental groups.EngineeringPlanningAnalytical ChemistryEnvironmental Quality AnalysisMeteorologyRisk AssessmentSafety and Health ManagementToxicologyProject DevelopmentComplianceAquatic EcologyAquatic ToxicologyBiologyCivil/Environmental EngineeringHydrogeology and HydrologyDrinking Water Supply and TreatmentWaste Water TreatmentGroundwater ProtectionSurface Water ManagementEstuary ManagementWetlands ProtectionComplianceIndustrial EngineeringFederal, state, and local governmentCorporationsConsulting firmsNonprofit organizationsTreatment plantsDevelop a strong chemistry background by takingadditional courses.Obtain laboratory skills by assisting faculty withresearch projects.Maintain current knowledge of industry trends andregulations.Develop interpersonal, oral communication, andtechnical writing skills.Seek an advanced degree in policy for increasedmarketability.Learn about certification programs offered by theAmerican Institute of Hydrology.Learn to use the tools and software associated withwatershed modeling.(Environmental Studies/Science, Page 3)AREAS EMPLOYERS STRATEGIESLAND AND WATER CONSERVATIONBiologyEcologyPlanningLawGeographic Information SystemsPreserve ManagementNatural Resource ManagementSoil ConservationLand AcquisitionFederal, state, and local governmentIndian nationsUtilities and timber companiesConsulting firmsNonprofit organizationsLand trust organizations such as The NatureConservancy or Trust for Public LandGain a solid background in the basic sciences whileobtaining a broad-based education.Obtain legal, real estate, and financial skills throughcoursework, internships or part-time jobs.Volunteer through the Student ConservationAssociation (SCA) and hold an office.Keep up with new funding sources.Consider law school for careers as counsel toenvironmental organizations.FISHERY AND WILDLIFE MANAGEMENTAquacultureBotanyData ManagementBiologyHatchery ManagementMarine BiologyEcologyEducationResearchPlanningFederal, state, and local governmentMarine sport fisheriesUtility companiesDevelopersTimber companiesWildlife rangesScientific foundationsZoological parksHunting and fishing clubsConsulting firmsNonprofit organizationsDevelop a broad scientific education.Obtain skills in areas such as planning,administration, communications, and negotiationthrough coursework, internships, or part-time jobs.Get experience and skills in computers, statisticsand computer modeling.Join the Peace Corps as a segue way into federalgovernment positions.Learn about the federal job application process.PARKS AND OUTDOOR RECREATIONAdministration and ManagementLaw EnforcementRecreation PlanningNatural Resource ManagementResearchSite Operations and MaintenanceEcotourismDirect Mail MerchandisingNational Park ServiceFederal agenciesState, county, or city parksResortsMarinasPrivately owned facilitiesNonprofit organizationsTourism agenciesDevelop a broad-based education that will developboth technical and interpersonal skills.Gain expertise in additional areas such ascommunications, writing, fund-raising, negotiation,andcomputer applications.Obtain working knowledge of a foreign languagesuch as Spanish.Learn to work well with and communicate with alltypes of people.Participate in travel and recreation programs.Join related organizations and seek leadership rolesto gain experience planning trips and otherprograms.AREAS EMPLOYERS STRATEGIESFORESTRYConsultingEntomologyHydrologyNatural Resource ManagementPlanningResearchInternational ForestryUrban ForestryFederal, state, and local governmentConsulting firmsTimber companiesNonprofit organizationsObtain skills with computers, statistics, andaccounting through coursework, internships orpart-time jobs.Develop good communication and public relationsskills.Get a minor or double major in a technical area(soil science, wildlife or surveying) or in an artsand science area (business, economics, politicalscienceor computer science).ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATIONAND COMMUNICATIONTeachingJournalismTourismLaw RegulationCompliancePolitical Action/LobbyingFederal, state, and local governmentPublic and private elementary, middle, and highschoolsTwo-year community collegesFour-year institutionsCorporationsConsulting firmsMediaNonprofit organizationsPolitical Action CommitteesMaster public speaking skills.Learn certification/licensure requirements forteaching public K-12 schools.Develop creative hands-on strategies for teaching/learning.Publish articles in newsletters or newspapers.Learn environmental laws and regulations.Join professional associations and environmentalgroups as ways to network.Become active in environmental political organizations.PLANNINGAir QualityAviationBuilding/ZoningLand-UseConsultingRecreationTransportationWater ResourcesFederal, state, regional, and local governmentCorporationsConsulting firmsBanksReal estate development companiesLaw firmsArchitectural firmsMarket research companiesColleges and universitiesNonprofit groupsGet on planning boards, commissions, andcommittees.Have a planning specialty (transportation, waterresources, air quality, etc.).Master communication, mediation and writing skills.Network in the community and get to know "who'swho" in your specialty area.Develop a strong scientific or technical background.Diversify your knowledge base. For example, inareas of law, economics, politics, historicalpreservation, or architecture.(Environmental Studies/Science, Page 4)(Environmental Studies/Science, Page 5)AREAS EMPLOYERS STRATEGIES 1996 The University of TennesseePrepared by the Career Planning staff of Career Services at The University of Tennessee, Knoxville. (1996, Revised 2002, 2006)UTK is an EEO/AA/Title VI/Title IX/Section 504/ADA/ADEA EmployerENVIRONMENTAL LAWLaw firmsLarge corporationsFederal and State government agencies including:US Environmental Protection AgencyDepartment of JusticeAttorney General OfficeNonprofit organizations, e.g. Green Action andNatural Resources Defense CouncilEarn a law degree. Prepare for law school bymaintaining a high g.p.a. and studying for theLSAT.Build strong recommendations from faculty.Work a part-time or summer job in a law firm.Develop strong written and oral communication skills.Participate in pre-law honor societies, debate teams,or moot court. Environmental studies and environmental science differ from each other in the amount of science course work needed. Environmental studies provides a broad base of hard sciences as well as liberal arts or social science coursework. Environmental science incorporates hard sciences and environmental sciences. Choice depends upon career focus, for example, administration or policy-making versus technical areas or research. Combine liberal arts skills with analytical skills to increase employability. Formally, obtain a double major or minor in one of these areas. Informally,obtain these skills through internships, co-ops, volunteer work, summer jobs, or independent research projects. Become familiar with current environmental laws and regulations. Stay up-to-date with changing environmental legislation. Join related professional associations; read related literature and journals to keep up with new developments. Attend seminars, conferences and workshops sponsored by professional associations or public interest groups. Network and get to know people who are working in area of interest. Research agencies/organizations of interest before applying for a position. Learn local, state and federal government job application procedures. Obtain graduate degree for job security/advancement.GENERAL INFORMATION


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