English In A Changing World

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English In A Changing World. Introduction. brucemichael@beiwaionline.com. Unit No. Title. Unit Focus. 1. Changing Eng in a C W: Overview. English Language Varieties / Change. 2. English In The Past. Historical Place Of Standard Eng. 3. Spread of Eng Beyond Britain. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • *English In A Changing WorldIntroduction

  • *

  • *Text And New Words: AdviceRecord New Unfamiliar WordsOrganize In Textbook Units or by TopicsDont Record Every New WordFocus on Definitions and Word Usage ContextDONT OVERDO IT!This Is NOT The Most Important Aspect Of The Course!

  • *Unit 1Changing English In A Changing World: An Overview

  • *Language Change & Language Use: Activity 1: Tasks 1-3All Languages Change Over Time(A) Why could we reasonably expect language changes over our lives?(B) Why could we reasonably expect language changes over history?(C) What is the difference between a dead language, and a living language?Pairs (A, B, C): Answers Read Out To Class

  • *Your Experience: Do Your Parents / Others Speak In A Different Way To You?Why / Why Not?

    Class Oral Discussion (10 minutes)

  • *Language And Regional Variations:

    Unit 1: Activity 2 Task 1Can you think of a region in the world?What does the term regional variation mean?Write down the meaning of this term in your own wordsConcepts: varieties of English; regional language variations

  • *Standard English:Unit 1: Activity 2 - Tasks 2-3What does the term Standard English (SE) mean?Which is the best English to study, American English or British English?Who decides which is the best English to study?

    Small group discussions (10minutes) / Written Answers read out by each group (5 minutes)

  • *Vocabulary Change In English:Unit 1: Activity 3 Tasks 1-3How has computer technology changed the English language?What role do abbreviations play in the English language?How has language changed in China since 1978?Has the English language had any impact on the Chinese language?

  • *Regional Language Variation In The United Kingdom:

  • *Have A Break!

  • *Languages And Dialects In The United Kingdom:Unit 1: Activity 4 Tasks 1-3Why are there regional language differences in the U.K./China?In what ways might regional language differences impact on people?

    Small group discussion (5 minutes)

  • *What Is The Difference Between A Dialect And An Accent?A dialect is

    An accent is

    Write down, in your own words, your definitions of each of the above (5 minutes)

  • *Some Textbook Definitions:A dialect is a language variety (e.g. English / Chinese) or a different way of speaking by people of a certain region, locality or class within a country with grammar, words or pronunciation that may be different from other forms of the same language.

    An accent is the way in which people speak and refers only to the sounds of the language. An emphasis given to a syllable or word by means of pitch or stress.

  • *Some Regional Variations In The English LanguageUnderstanding Regional Variations Of The English Language Within The U.K.

    VCD (5 minutes)

  • *Regional Language Varieties In The United Kingdom:Unit 1:Activity 5 Tasks 1-3 [Tape Task 2]Compare the different regional ways of speaking in the U.K. using either phonics or phonetics (pp 43-44)

    In Groups:List the phrases / words you had difficulty comprehending (10 minutes)

  • *Discussion Questions:What role (if any) do dead languages have on present day languages?

    Should people today be required to learn, or be able to understand, regional varieties of English / Chinese?

    Class Discussion (10 minutes)

  • *Unit 2English In The Past

  • *The English Language And Its History:How has history been responsible for the distribution of the English language throughout the U.K.?What do you know?

  • *Historic Origins Of English:

  • *The Angles; Saxons And Jutes:

  • *The Scandinavian Influence:

  • *English Language Style And Variation 13th To 18th CenturiesUnit 2: Activity 1 Task 2 (pp 58-62)

    How can we tell, by comparing these four language examples of the 13th to the 18th centuries, that the English language has altered over this period?

    In pairs (using these examples) list ways in which the English language seems to have changed over this 500 year period. (15 minutes)

  • *The English Language And the Romans:Unit 2: Activity 2 Tasks 1-2 (pp64-67)

    What are some of the Latin root forms that Tim and Mrs Robinson discussed?What English words do you know that have these roots?

  • *What Do These Words Mean?procreate; progress; subservient; substratumanticlockwise; antiperspirant; antedate; antenatal; transit; translucent; intervene; interracial

  • *Your Experience With English:What are your earliest experiences of learning difficulties you had in the English language?

    Are you still having similar experiences?

    What needs to happen for your situation to change?

    Class Interaction (10 minutes)

  • *Have A Break!

  • *Standard English: What Is It?Unit 2: Activity 3 Tasks 1-3 (pp74-82)Define the term Standard English (SE)

    How and where did SE originate?

    Why was the 15th century responsible for the rapid spread of the English language?

  • *Some Definitions:Standard English is written English.It has a grammatical systemIt has a formal lexicon (vocabulary)It is used internationallyIt changes slowlyIt has prestige

  • *Some Definitions:Unit 2: Activity 3 Task 4 (pp62-83)

    Bi-dialectal means

    Bilingual means

    A double meaning occurs when

  • *The English Lexicon: Unit 2: Activity 4 Tasks 1-4

    How large is your vocabulary?

    What is the difference between a receptive and productive vocabulary?

    What is the difference between a synonym and an antonym?

    Class Discussion (10 minutes)

  • *Received Pronunciation: What Is It?Unit 2: Activity 5 Tasks 1-4What is RP and how did it originate?Give an example of RPExplain the difference between RP and SE.Comparing RP and SE, how might these change over time?Small group discussions (10 minutes)

  • *Received Pronunciation: A DefinitionReceived Pronunciation is a widely accepted English speaking accent which has prestige and is used as a model of good spoken English throughout the world.BBC EnglishVOA EnglishEducated English (post 19th century)

  • *Teaching And Learning (Unit 2.5-4):

  • *Where Do You Stand? Are you, after reading the dialogue (pp 98-100):Highly motivated to develop your under-standing of the English language beyond a learning plateau in order to gain a more holistic knowledge of English?Learning in order to have your mistakes pointed out and to pass an exam?Motivated to write and speak better English, and read more widely?Short class discussion (10 minutes)

  • *Review:Today we have: In Unit 1:Seen how language changes over timeUnderstood how and why language varies by regionUnderstood what is Standard EnglishDifferentiated between dialects and accentsIn Unit 2:Reviewed and under-stood the historic origins of the English languageExamined some words and their Latin originsCompared & understood the difference between SE and RPEstablished what our motivations are as learners of English

  • *Thank You! See You Next Time!