Engineering Design Process Presentation 4.2.2 Explanation © 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEM  Center for Teaching.

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  • Slide 1
  • Engineering Design Process Presentation 4.2.2 Explanation 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEM Center for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology
  • Slide 2
  • The Unit Big Idea The Engineering Design Process is a systematic, iterative problem solving method which produces solutions to meet human wants and desires. 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEM Center for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology
  • Slide 3
  • The Lesson Big Idea The Engineering Design Process is a systematic, iterative problem solving method which produces solutions to meet human wants and desires. 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEM Center for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology
  • Slide 4
  • Scientific Method vs. Engineering Design Process Place the descriptors in the appropriate box to define the Scientific Method and the Engineering Design Process Human needs and wantsHypothesis Exact starting pointClosed ended Continuous improvementIdentify constraints DesignDefined linear procedure Scientific Method Engineering Design Process 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEM Center for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology
  • Slide 5
  • Engineering Design Process Answers to the previous task. How did you do? Scientific Method Engineering Design Process Human needs and wants Continuous improvement Design Identify Constraints Exact starting point Hypothesis Closed ended Defined Linear Procedure 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEM Center for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology
  • Slide 6
  • Engineering Design Process There are a variety of formal and informal problem-solving strategies and models beyond the Scientific Method and the Engineering Design Process The process of engineering design takes into account a number of factors. 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEM Center for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology
  • Slide 7
  • What is Science? Science is the study of the history of the natural world and how the natural world works, based on observable physical evidence. 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEM Center for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology
  • Slide 8
  • Scientific Method Processes of discovery and demonstration Observation of phenomena Formulation of a hypothesis Experimentation Conclusion Steps of the scientific method Name the problem or question Form a hypothesis and make a prediction Test hypothesis Interpret your results/hypothesis Report your results 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEM Center for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology
  • Slide 9
  • What is Engineering Design? Systematic application of mathematical, scientific and technical principles Tangible end products that meet our needs and desires. The process of engineering design takes into account a number of factors. 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEM Center for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology
  • Slide 10
  • Engineering Design Process Is a systematic, iterative, problem-solving strategy, with criteria and constraints, used to develop many possible solutions to a problem to satisfy human needs and wants. 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEM Center for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology
  • Slide 11
  • Engineering Design Process Steps 1. Define a Problem 2. Brainstorm Possible Solutions 3. Generate ideas 4. Research Ideas & Explore Possibilities 5. Specify Criteria & Identify Constraints 6. Consider Alternative Solutions 7. Select an Approach 8. Develop Written Design Proposal 9. Make Model/ Prototype 12. Communicate Results 10. Test & Evaluate 11. Refine/Create 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEM Center for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology
  • Slide 12
  • Define the Problem Designer clearly outlines what human need or want exists to solve the problem. Often design problems are not clearly defined. Designers may have to investigate to define the problem. For example, a company might call you in and ask you to solve the problem of the company losing money Determine why the company is losing money What problem needs fixing 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEM Center for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology
  • Slide 13
  • Brainstorm Designers generate ideas without consideration of limitations to the design. Brainstorming is a group or individual problem- solving design process in which each person in the group presents his or her ideas in an open forum. 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEM Center for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology
  • Slide 14
  • Generate Ideas This is a step where designers can let their imaginations run free with suggestions from the brainstorming session. 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEM Center for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology
  • Slide 15
  • Research Ideas & Explore Possibilities Research to determine if a solution to the problem already exists Can another solution/product be adapted to solve the problem Is there mathematical or scientific information related to the problem that needs to be collected through research? Designers begin to explore the possibilities generated during the brainstorming session and the research gathered. 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEM Center for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology
  • Slide 16
  • Identify Criteria & Specify Constraints Identifying criteria and specifying constraints will provide the basis for what the design should be and what its limits are. Criteria identify the desired elements and features Constraints involve the limitations The possibilities are measured up against the defined criteria and constraints. 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEM Center for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology
  • Slide 17
  • Consider Alternative Solutions Other solutions could work just as well as the one selected by the designer. Other solutions might be simpler or less expensive and therefore more desirable. 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEM Center for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology
  • Slide 18
  • Select an Approach Based on the analysis, the designer chooses the solution that best meets the criteria and constraints. The selection of an approach is closely documented. In the event that the solution does not work, the designer may need to repeat steps 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEM Center for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology
  • Slide 19
  • Develop a Written Design Proposal A design proposal is a written plan that specifies what the design will look like and what resources are needed to develop it. It can be communicated through sketches, drawings, models and written instructions. 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEM Center for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology
  • Slide 20
  • Make a Model Or Prototype Models allow designers to make a smaller version to save time and money Physical, mathematical, graphic models are used A prototype performs exactly as the final solution and is used for testing. A mock up physically looks like the final solution, but does not perform as the final solution. 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEM Center for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology
  • Slide 21
  • Test & Evaluate the Design Using Specifications Models and/or prototypes are tested Does design meets established criteria What areas need refinement Data is collected from testing to assist in the next step. 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEM Center for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology
  • Slide 22
  • Refine/Create the Design Based on the evaluation and testing results, designers refine the design of the product. Refinement and optimization include Function (making it work better) Economic (giving it market appeal) Ethical (making it safer) 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEM Center for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology
  • Slide 23
  • Refine/Create the Design The product is then mass produced to be sold to the target market. Designers and Engineers work together to design a cost effective and time efficient process for producing the product. 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEM Center for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology
  • Slide 24
  • Communicate the Results Designers need to communicate their results to perpetuate innovation and so others with similar problems can learn from their design process. Communication of the design process can include design portfolios, journals, drawings, sketches or schematics. 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEM Center for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

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