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EIRAC: Visions of the intermodal transport: bottlenecks and research needs 2007-2020
Carmine G. Biancardi Technical Secretariat of EIRAC
METTLE Le Carat 200, rue du Vallon
06560 Valbonne Sophia Antipolis France Tel.: +33 (0)4 93 00 03 39
Abstract - On May 3rd, 2005, the Intermodal transport sector have established the EIRAC (European Intermodal Research Advisory Council). EIRAC is composed of more than 50 key players from large intermodal businesses: CEOs and Managing Directors with decision-making capability from all over Europe. EIRACs initial mission is to determine the vision, scope and content of the Strategic Intermodal Research Agenda 2020 as an important step towards the creation of a co-ordinated intermodal research strategy for Europe.
I. THE EUROPEAN INTERMODAL RESEARCH ADVISORY COUNCIL
The European Intermodal Research Advisory Council (EIRAC), composed of more than 50 key players from large intermodal businesses, was launched at a high-level round table meeting in Brussels in May 2005.
CEOs and Managing Directors with decision-making capability from all over Europe have created this advisory body to the European Commission. EIRAC has a balance of major stakeholders from all sectors of the intermodal industry: intermodal rail and road operators, terminal operators, logistic freight integrators, short sea shipping operators, ports, terminal handling, freight villages, and ICT equipment suppliers .A few selected academics have also been invited.
EIRACs mission is to determine the vision, scope and content of the Strategic Intermodal Research Agenda 2020 as an important step towards the creation of a co-ordinated intermodal research strategy for Europe.
EIRAC focuses on achieving interoperability between modes with a view to the creation of a single European
logistic system in line with the objectives set out in the White Paper on Common Transport Policy. Following on from the strategy EIRAC has also established a business scenario for implementation. II. THE STRATEGIC INTERMODAL RESEARCH AGENDA 2020 AND THE BUSINESS SCENARIO
EIRAC has produced the Strategic Intermodal Research Agenda 2020 (SIRA) . The agenda identifies key research drivers which will place intermodality at the core of the European Transport system.
The SIRA is an initial document, which has been developed taking advantage of the contributions proposed by other players in the intermodal industry.
The SIRA is based on the Intermodal Industrys to enable Europe to cope with growth, to lower the burden on the environment, and to enhance the competitiveness of the European Union. If the capacity of intermodal transport will
not increase sufficiently, these three objectives will not be achieved.
This vision is accompanied, in the SIRA, by the definition of a Business Scenario in 2020, which reveals the EIRAC ambition to provide a seamless, reliable, available, accessible, as well as secure, sustainable, accountable, affordable, and transparent European Intermodal Transport System.
The intermodal industry faces specific challenges of interoperability, logistics, security, socio-economics and education. The SIRA addresses all these challenges. The goal is to develop intermodal transport as an important part of the sustainable transport system. Intermodal transport then becomes a high quality service, which is seamless, reliable, available, accessible, secure, sustainable, accountable, and affordable.
The SIRA has been developed by the European Intermodal Advisory Council (EIRAC), an initiative of the European Intermodal industry, the European Commission and the EU member states. It includes reference to research for private stakeholders in the industry as well as joint research.
Through the Strategic Intermodal Research Agenda, the EIRAC clearly lays down the challenge for all stakeholders involved in the intermodal industry, whether they are industry, service providers, universities, member states, or the European Commission. This requires not only financial commitment, but also investment in human resources. III. THE EIRAC IMPLEMENTATION PLAN 2020
This EIRAC Implementation Plan 2020  describes the European intermodal industry's programme for innovation and change to meet the freight transport
challenges of the future. The objectives are to make Europe more competitive in the global economy, to be able to cope with increasing freight volumes over the coming decades, and to achieve more sustainable cargo movement along the European transport system. A readiness to break away from traditional practices and to create new ways of doing business together is at the heart of this initiative.
This intermodal implementation plan goes beyond a mere research agenda as it also acknowledges the need to pursue changes that are not dependent on further research. It tackles the socio-economic issues, i.e. the management of change at operational and at management levels, and it tackles the issue of education and training to make the intermodal transport sector a more dynamic and attractive one in which to work.
This plan provides the basis on which the intermodal transport industry, national transport authorities, and European authorities may act together to implement the Vision and the Strategic Intermodal Research Agenda (SIRA) as formulated by the EIRAC in December 2005.
The Implementation Plan is based both on Key Research topics and Key Non-research topics. Timing, funding mechanisms, and management are the key to successful implementation of the proposed changes. For the funding and budget mechanism, both EU and National support is necessary. REFERENCES
 EIRAC, Strategic Intermodal
Research Agenda 2020, December 2005
 EIRAC, Implementation Plan 2020, Realisation of Improvements, December 20052
Visions of the multimodal transport: bottlenecks and research needs 2007-2020
Implementation plan of EIRACEuropean Intermodal Research
Carmine G. Biancardi, Director of METTLE, EIRAC secretariat
ITS-T June 6th, 2007
Landscape up to 2020
The European intermodal transport system will account for likely 40% of the movement of goods.
No single mode can handle the volumes on its own anymore.
Kyoto will be driving to more sustainable transport.
The Lisbon Agenda will head Europe to further cooperation and more competitiveness.
Security enforcements require the closing of the logistic chain on a Global and Intermodal level.
What is the problem then?
Today's split among the different modes of transportation is based only on traditional parameters : lead time, costs, predictable delivery time
The new parameters : safety, security, sustainable solutions, are often considered as constraints
Assumptions: market incentives are not enough as a source of motivation.
How can we make the change happen? (1/3)
Achieving sustainable cargo mobility
is NOT about money.
It is about
changing our mindset.
How can we make the change happen? (2/3)
Increased road congestion,
Higher oil prices,
Negative impact on economy,
Growing Asian demands
Greater security problems,
Poorer safety records
Accelerated global warming
Do not have to be unavoidable!
We can take control!
How can we make the change happen? (3/3)
The first step is to end silo thinking
through the development of cross border plans within a Europe-wide combined road-rail-water-air policy.
Innovation must be stimulated and guided.
Part of the solution?
Push concrete vision, both technical and on a more organisational side
60100 million euros each year for the period 2007 2013
EIRAC The intermodal industry's Grand Scheme for innovation and change
Launched in May 2005, in Brussels
50 high level industrial players stemming from all transport modes.
An initiative of the European intermodal industry, the European Commission and the EU member states.
EIRAC mission Contribute to a balanced share among the different modes of transportation to :
cope with the increase freight movement,lower the burden on the environment, and become more competitive.
to make greater use of all the different modes of transport.
Sustainable cargo mobility will only be achieved with a combined policy for Road, Rail, Water and Air Transport.
5 pillars of research
Intermodal transport will be an industry with its:
- own identity,
- own strategy,
- own voice.
The SIRA(Strategic IntermodalResearch Agenda)
EIRAC in general and the Implementation Plan in specific, was lead by two questions:
What kind of improvement is dealt with and what kind of action must be taken to make it happen?
Where do the benefits go?
Areas of research & innovationInteroperability : Standardised Intermodal equipment, Transfer Nodes, Consistent regulations, IT Systems, Transport documentation, Systems of transfer
Logistics: Harmonised Framework conditions for all Modes, High quality and efficient Intermodal Services, European Intermodal Network
Security: Harmonisation of the Security Policy Framework, Security IT Infrastructure, Physical Security, Model for the Assessment of Mitigation Measures